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Rome to the end of the Republic (31 BC) • Unlike previous conquests, the Roman conquest of Greece was long-drawn and fiercely fought. • Almost immediately after the end of the second Punic war the Romans attacked Greece. • King Perseus of Macedon resisted them for years • The conquest of Greece took 50 years of almost constant warfare, and it is a testament to the tenacity of the Romans. • After the battle of Corinth (146 BC) the whole of the Greek peninsula becomes Roman territory • In the same year the Romans destroy Carthage, and thus they complete the subjugation of their two ancient rivals for the supremacy of the Mediterranean. The Roman conquest of Greece Rome in 146 BC • Now that Rome had an empire and much strength • In some ways the old Republic was too weak to handle the strong leaders and interests that came to power (just as in Startwars) • Strong generals started fighting with each other for the prize of supreme power. • Rome itself and the provinces became the theater of bloody conflicts. • The last man standing, Augustus became in all but name the first emperor of Rome The Civil struggle of the st 1 c. • Marius vs Sulla: Marched against Rome Imposed an indefinite dictatorship Proscriptions of Roman Citizens The Triumvirate (60 BC) Antony and Cleopatra The Hollywood Version Antony VS Octavian Octavian Augustus, Princeps (after the battle of Actium in 31 BC) Rome in 30 BC.