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8-2 Notes
Rome was divided into two social classes: PATRICIANS – wealthy landowners who made
up the ruling class; PLEBEIANS – most of Rome’s people who were artisans,
shopkeepers, and owners of small farms
Consuls – two patricians who were chosen every year that headed the army and ran the
Veto – term used to keep one consul from gaining too much power; it means to reject.
Praetors – important officials whose job was to interpret the law and act as judges in
Plebeians had very little power in gov’t. They went on strike, refused to serve in the
army and moved outside of the city to set up their own republic.
The patricians allowed the plebeians to form the Council of the Plebs and take part in
the Assembly.
Dictator – during Roman times were people chosen to rule on a temporary basis during
an emergency
Civic duty – the idea that citizens have a responsibility to help their country
Cincinnatus – the best known early Roman dictator of the Republic who served for 16
Twelve Tables – Rome’s first written code of law
Rome fought Carthage in the Punic Wars for control of the Mediterranean region.
First Punic War – Rome defeated Carthage in 241 BC
Second Punic War – Carthage attacked the city of Rome
Scipio – roman general who helped win the Second Punic War
Third Punic War – Rome enslaved 50,000 Carthaginians