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Transcript
http://drmichaelljohnsonchiropractor.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/images3.png
http://static.squarespace.com/static/511852bfe4b0cb217578137f/t/5133f01
3e4b0b73e5290c5d2/1362358292060/lymphatic_system.jpg
http://static.ddmcdn.com/gif/lymph-system-1.jpg
By Sheena Yvarra & Taylah Montgomery
General Functions
Removes excess
fluid from tissues
and transports it into
the bloodstream
 Absorbs fats from
small intestine
 Helps defend the
body against
disease-causing
agents

Major Organs
Spleen
 Thymus

Thymus
Spleen
http://www.savorylotus.com/wpcontent/uploads/2013/09/organs_of_the_lymp
hatic_system.jpg
Spleen
Largest lymphatic organ
 FUNCTIONS:

foreign particles and damaged red blood
cells from blood
http://img.webmd.com/dtmcms/live/webmd/consum
er_assets/site_images/articles/image_article_collec
tions/anatomy_pages/Spleen2.jpg
 Contains many macrophages, which filter
Thymus


Relatively large during
infancy and early
childhood; shrinks after
puberty
FUNCTIONS:
 Contains inactive
lymphocytes and turn them
into mature or active T cells
 T cells (T lymphocytes) leave
thymus & provide immunity
*Lymphocytes- white blood cell that
attack invading viruses, bacteria,
and other parasitic cells
http://www.mskcc.org/sites/www.mskcc.org/files/imagecache/enlarge/n
ode/4708/images/497816.jpg
Lymphatic Pathway
Lymphatic
Capillary
Lymphatic
Vessel
Lymph Node
Lymphatic
Vessel
Lymphatic Trunk
Collecting Duct

Lymphatic vessels- transport
lymph(fluid) throughout body
Subclavian Vein
Lymphatic Pathway

Lymphatic Ducts:
 Thoracic
 Right Lymphatic
**Thoracic duct is larger and
longer; lower limbs, abdomen,
left side of body
*Right Lymphatic receives
lymph from right side of head
and neck
Lymph Nodes




Vary in size and shape
Usually less than 2.5 cm long
Bean shaped
FUNCTIONS:
 Filters potentially harmful particles
from lymph before returning it to the
bloodstream
 Centers for production of
lymphocytes, and they also contain
phagocytic cells
*Lymphocytes- white blood cell that
attack invading viruses, bacteria, and
other parasitic cells
5 Types of Antibodies
(Immunoglobulins)
Antibodies- special proteins that fight off and destroy disease-causing
germs
Antigen- foreign substance introduced into the body and causes immune
response; molecules produced by the body
Immunoglobulin G (IgG)
 is in tissue fluid and plasma and defends against
bacterial cells, viruses, and toxins and activates
complement, a group of immune system enzymes
2. Immunoglobulin A (IgA)
 is in exocrine gland secretions (breast milk, saliva,
tears) and defends against bacteria and viruses.
3. Immunoglobulin M (IgM)
 is found in plasma and activates complement and
reacts with blood cells during transfusions.
1.
5 Types of Antibodies
(Immunoglobulins)
4. Immunoglobulin D (IgD)


Found on surface of B
cells, especially those of
infants
Activate B cells
5. Immunoglobulin E (IgE)
 is found in exocrine gland
secretions and promotes
allergic reactions
http://www2.estrellamountain.edu/faculty/farabee/biobk/antigenAB.gif
Immune Responses

First reaction to an antigen is called a primary
immune response
 during this response, antibodies are produced for
several weeks
 some B cells remain dormant as memory cells

Secondary immune response occurs rapidly
as a result of memory cell response if the
same antigen is encountered
http://sphweb.bumc.bu.edu/otlt/mph-modules/eh/eh_immunity_b/AdaptiveImmunityMemory.png
Active vs Passive Immunity

Active immunity
 person produces antibodies in
response to the presence of
antigen
 Long-term immunity

http://www.proprofs.com/flashcards/upload/q7118722.gif
Passive immunity
 Person receives antibodies
produced by another individual
 Short-term immunity
http://www.stmary.ws/highschool/science/humanbio/q3/q3%20pictures/passive%20immunity.gif
Vaccination
Vaccine produces
another type of active
immunity
 helps protect against
infectious disease by
exposing you to a mild
or dead version of the
germ
 Makes your body build
up protection in the form
of antibodies

Antigens that cause allergic
response is called allergens
 Allergic response is an immune
attack against a nonharmful
substance, like chocolate
 Sensitize lymphocytes and
antibodies may bind antigens
 Can damage tissues
 Can be dangerous and lifethreatening

http://wondergressive.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/Peanut_Allergy-3.jpg
Allergic Reactions
http://foodimentaryguy.files.wordpress.com/2012/03/peanuts1.jpg
Tissue Rejection Reaction
Recipient’s immune system may
recognize donor’s cell surfaces as
foreign and attempt to destroy the
transplanted tissue
 Matching donor and recipient tissues
can minimize the rejection reaction

Autoimmunity
immune system fails to distinguish
self from nonself antigens
 Produces autoantibodies and
cytotoxic T cells that attack and
damage the body’s tissues and
organs

**Self antigen- antigen that originates
within the body
** Nonself antigen- foreign antigens
not originally within the
body
http://alt-ternativeautoimmune.com/wpcontent/uploads/2014/01/cells.gif

Lymphedema
 Chronic swelling of the
limbs caused by the
accumulation of lymph fluid

Hodgkin’s lymphoma
 Type of cancer that typically
occurs when the white
blood cells become
diseased or damaged
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b3/Hodgkin_lymphoma_(1)_mixed_cellulary_type.jpg
http://www.regionshospital.com/ucm/groups/public/@hp/@public/documents/webasset/dev_015219.gif
Diseases
Works Cited
http://glencoe.mcgrawhill.com/sites/0218378151/student_view0/chapter14/study_outline.h
tml
 http://www.livescience.com/26983-lymphatic-system.html
