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344
packaging papers and paperboards
bag papers, 250
folding boxboard (FBB), 252
glassine, 249
greaseproof, 249
impregnated papers, 250
laminating papers, 251
microcreping, 249
paper labels, 250
sack kraft, 250
solid bleached board (SBB), 251
solid unbleached board (SUB), 251
tissues, 250
vegetable parchment, 249
wet strength paper, 249
white lined chipboard (WLC), 253
packaging specifications and standards, 28
Packaging Waste Directive (EU) (1994), 299
packaging
definition, 8
design and development, 9, 29
food service, 109
functions of, 8
historical perspective, 2–4
legislation, 107
optimisation, 11–12
protective role of, 4
recovery, 172, 235, 244, 279
recycling, 107–8, 171–2, 235–7, 244,
270, 279–80
reduction, 107–8, 172, 233–4
reuse, 107–8, 171, 235
strategy, 9
total quality management (TQM), 28
total product concept, 10
pallet, 116–18
construction, 117
fibreboard, 116
load, 116
plastic, 116
stacking height, 118
stacking pattern, 118
wood, 116
paper and board based systems, 277
paper and board environmental profile, 277
paper and board types of packaging, 259
cap liners and diaphragms, 276
composite containers, 268
corrugated fibreboard packaging, 269
fibre drums, 268
folding cartons, 263
INDEX
induction sealed disc, 276
interlocking dividers, 276
labels, 276
liquid packaging cartons, 265
moulded pulp applications, 276
moulded pulp containers, 272
multiwall sacks, 262
paper bags and wrapping paper, 259
pulpboard disc, 276
rigid cartons or boxes, 267
sachets/pouches/overwraps, 260
sealing tapes, 275
shredded paper, 276
tea and coffee bags, 259
tubes, 268
tubs, 268
paper and board, added processes, 255
Acrylic dispersion coating, 255
Fluorocarbon dispersion coating, 255
hard sizing, 255
lamination, 255
plastic extrusion/laminating, 256
printing and varnishing, 257
varnishing/coating/laminating, 258
wax sizing, 255
paper and board, fibre sources and
pulping, 243
paper and paperboard manufacture
coating, 248
drying, 247
finishing, 248
pressing, 246
reel-up, 248
sheet forming, 245
stock preparation, 245
paper and paperboard, packaging design
of, 258
paper and paperboard, properties of, 254
pasteurisation, see thermal processing
pathogens, 32–3, 38, 66–7, 75, 138–9
permeability coefficient, 317–18
permeability issues for plastics, 215
permeation, see gas permeation
pest control, 105
plastic packaging manufacture
packs based on plastic films,
laminates, 183
plastic film and sheet for packaging, 179
rigid plastic packaging, 186
plastic packaging, containers and components,
179, 183, 186