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PAPER AND PAPERBOARD PACKAGING 281 â¢ Overall water consumption. More water is now recycled within the mill. Some pulp mills today have no water emissions. â¢ Paper based packaging is said to be a waste of resources. It is necessary today to be able to demonstrate that the amount of packaging used is not excessive and that it is commensurate with the protection needs of the product thereby preventing product wastage. â¢ Where paper and paperboard materials are not suitable for material recycling they can still be useful as a source of energy, i.e. incineration with energy recovery, or compost. Overall paper and board is a naturally renewable (sustainable) product which does not pollute the environment in the course of manufacture and use. It is recyclable as material, energy or compost and, if none of these processes is practical, it is biodegradable. Reference Hills, R.L. (1988), âPapermaking in Britain 1488â1988â, p. 49. Further reading Fundamentals of Packaging Technology by Walter Soroka, revised UK edition by Anne Emblem and Henry Emblem, published by The Institute of Packaging, ISBN 0 9464 6700 5. Paperboard Reference Manual published by Iggesund Paperboard AB. The Carton Packaging Fact File published by Pro Carton UK. The Packaging Userâs Handbook by F.A. Paine, published by Blackie and Son Ltd. under the authority of The Institute of Packaging, ISBN 0 216 92975 X. Websites American Forest and Paper Association, www.afandpa.org. Confederation of European Paper Industries, www.cepi.org. Paper Federation of Great Britain, www.paper.org. Websites of the leading manufacturers of papers and paperboards.