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Learning Plan 2
 Outline the history of structuralism, functionalism
and psychoanalysis
 Summarize the following six psychological
perspectives: psychoanalytic, behavioral, humanistic,
cognitive, biopsychological, and sociocultural
 Compare and contrast the six perspectives
 Intro/Imagine Activity
 Greek philosopher images
 Psychology taken from ancient Greek
 “Study of the mind”
 Psyche= mind/soul
 Logos (ology)= study of
 Credited with origins of science in Western
 Classical period (500 BCE) peak of Greek culture
 World’s first democratic government
 Great minds of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle
 Wilhelm Wundt
 Edward B. Titchner
 Constitutional Parts
 Fundamental structures of the mind
 Only normal adult mind
 Weaknesses- excluded aspects that do not fit
 Does not address psychopathology
 Behavior should not be a part of psychology
 Brought experimental psychology to US
 Core Context of Meaning Theory
 William James
 Physiological perspective based on experimentation
 Founded first psychology lab in US
 Emotions, behavior, and consciousness are physiology
 Individual differences/unique perspectives
 Mind/body one interacting entity
 Taught first psychology course in US
 Philosophy vs. science until turn of 19th century
 Sigmund Freud
 Psychoanalytic- id, ego, superego, unconscious mind,
past creates the present, address unconscious to solve
problems, dreams “royal road to the unconscious”
 Psychosexual stages of development
oral stage (approx. birth to 19 months)
anal stage (approx. 18 months to 4 yrs)
phallic stage (approx. 4 to 7 yrs)
latent stage (approx. 7 yrs to puberty)
genital stage (puberty)
 Carl Jung
 Collective unconscious, déjà vu, near-death experiences
 Influences on are and other therapies
 Alfred Adler
 More hopeful, focus on family influence, social reform,
individual psychology, social and holistic psychology,
birth order
 Erik Erikson
 8 Stages of Man- psychosocial and full lifespan
 Karen Horney
 Theory of neurosis, coping strategies- compliance,
aggression, and withdrawal
 Ivan Pavlov
 Classical Conditioning--- Bells and Dogs
 John Watson
 Explain behavior without inner consciousness and
nonphysical . Focus purely on observable behaviors.
Broken into stimulus and response
Focus on experimentation
Free will is an illusion- process of reinforcement
Operant conditioning- rewards and punishment
 Physiological causes of behavior, feelings, and mental
 How biology of electrical impulses and chemicals
effect human development, learning, performance,
perceptions, and emotions
 Adolf Meyer
 How mind and body affects each other
 Term coined in 1967- Ulric Neisser
 Focus on scientific method in the collection of
 Studies consciousness, learning, and memory
 Acknowledges internal states- desire and motivation
 Computer age
 1950s- response to behaviorism and psychoanalysis
 Third Force
 Existential theory base
 Have free will
 Positive perspective
 Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers, Rollo May
 European existential philosophy influence
 Phenomenology/client-centered therapy
 Qualitative not quantitative
 Actualizing tendency- feelings of incongruity
 Most recent
 Social norms, rules, and roles
 Cultural rules and values
 Explore interactions with the surroundings
 Shame in children
 Shame in children
 Theorists Alfred Bandura and L. Vygostky
 History of Psychology Timeline- Due October 18th
 Readings: Lesson Plan 3 and supplemental readings
 Readings: Lesson Plan 4 and supplemental readings
 Assignments: Discussion 3.1 or Discussion 4.1