NAME:_______________________ PERIOD:_______ Nutrition Study Guide 1. What happens if you eat excess protein? 2. What causes dehydration? 3. Where do saturated fats come from? 4. What are essential amino acids? 5. What is the only way to get all your nutrients? 6. What percentage of the body is water? 7. What must be on a food label? 8. How are ingredients listed on a food label? 9. How many servings is a food label based on? 10. What does Percent Daily Value mean on a food label? How many calories is this based on? 11. The percent daily value on food labels is based on how many calories? 12. What could a diet high in sodium cause? 13. What is insulin? 14. What is hypoglycemia? 15. Describe what an antioxidant is. 16. One pound of body weight is the energy equivalent to _________ calories. 17. What foods can help decrease the risk of developing cancer? 18. Describe osteoporosis. 19. What is lactose intolerant? 20. What is the difference between a water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamin? Give examples of each. 21. What is the difference between complete and incomplete protein? 22. What is the difference between simple and complex carbohydrates? 23. What is the difference between saturated and unsaturated fats? 24. What is the difference between macro and trace minerals? Give examples of each. 25. What nutrients do you get from each food group? a. b. c. d. e. f. GrainsVegetablesFruitsMilkMeat/BeanFats/Oils- 26. What is the function of each nutrient? a. Water b. carbohydrates c. minerals d. proteins e. fats f. vitamins 27. Describe the Dietary Guidelines a. Adequate Nutrients: b. Weight management: c. Physical Activity: d. Food Groups to Encourage: e. Fats: f. Carbohydrates: g. Sodium and Potassium: h. Alcoholic Beverages: i. Food Safety: 28. What is anorexia nervosa? 29. What are some of the characteristics of someone who has anorexia? 30. What is bulimia? 31. What are some of the characteristics of someone who has bulimia? 32. What is binge eating disorder? 33. What are 4 causes of eating disorders? 34. List and describe 4 weight loss strategies. a. b. c. d. 35. What are the dietary guidelines for people who have diabetes and hypoglycemia? 36. A diet that would be helpful in reducing the risk of cancer would include 3 things. What are they? 37. Who is most likely to get osteoporosis? 38. What is the difference between food allergy and food intolerance? 39. How can you limit your sodium intake? 40. What products can a person who is lactose intolerant not digest well? 41. Why do young people sometimes pay too little attention to eating wisely to guard against disease? 42. On a food label, if a food has 10g of fat, 23g of carbohydrates, and 7g of protein, how many calories does the food have?