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BIOLOGY Packet 11: Evolution Textbook pages 368-467 Prentice Hall Regents Review Book pages 71-86 At the end of this unit, the students will be able to: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. Define evolution. Explain what is meant by biodiversity. Describe the pattern Darwin observed among organisms of the Galapagos Islands. Identify how Lamarck thought species evolve. Explain how natural selection is related to species’ fitness. Identify evidence Darwin used to present his case for evolution. State Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection. Explain what homologous structures are. Summarize Darwin’s theory of evolution. Identify the condition necessary for a new species to evolve. Describe the process of speciation in the Galapagos finches. Describe the fossil record and how it supports evolution. Summarize how mass extinctions have affected the evolution of life on Earth.