Download Evolution Definitions

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Population genetics wikipedia, lookup

Introduction to evolution wikipedia, lookup

Theistic evolution wikipedia, lookup

Catholic Church and evolution wikipedia, lookup

Acceptance of evolution by religious groups wikipedia, lookup

Genetics and the Origin of Species wikipedia, lookup

Evolution wikipedia, lookup

Hologenome theory of evolution wikipedia, lookup

Unilineal evolution wikipedia, lookup

Natural selection wikipedia, lookup

The Selfish Gene wikipedia, lookup

Inclusive fitness wikipedia, lookup

Evidence of common descent wikipedia, lookup

Sexual selection wikipedia, lookup

Adaptation wikipedia, lookup

The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Evolution Jeopardy
Before Darwin’s
Theory
Evolution
Definitions
(Ch. 15)
Evidences of
Evolution
(Ch. 16)
Gene-Evolution
Definitions
Biotechnology
Review
20
20
20
20
20
40
40
40
40
40
60
60
60
60
60
80
80
80
80
80
100
100
100
100
100
20 pts
The idea that organisms gained adaptations as
a result of natural selection was formulated by:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Charles Darwin.
Gregor Mendel
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck.
Charles Lyell.
40 pts
Charles Darwin made many observations while traveling
on the HMS Beagle. At which location were the most
important observations made?
a.
b.
c.
d.
England
Seychelles Islands
Galapagos Islands
Hispaniola
60 pts
On the Galápagos Islands, Charles Darwin observed
a. completely unrelated species on each of the islands.
b. species exactly like those found in South America.
c. somewhat similar species, with traits that suited
their particular environments.
d. species completely unrelated to those found
in South America.
80 pts
Which is a major concept included in Darwin’s
theory of evolution?
a. Change is the result of survival of the fittest.
b. Body structure can change according to the
actions of the organism.
c. Population size decreases the rate of evolution.
d. Artificial selection is the basis for evolution.
100 pts
Darwin’s concept of evolution was NOT influenced by
a.
b.
c.
d.
the work of fellow scientists.
knowledge about the structure of DNA.
his collection of specimens.
his trip on the H.M.S. Beagle.
20 pts
A non-poisonous frog in the rainforest evolves to look
similar to a poison dart frog, so that predators do not
attempt to eat the frog. This is an example
of _____________.
a. adaptive radiation
b. Mimicry
c. Camouflage
d. artificial selection
40 pts
Which of the following is an adaptation of the dark variety of
Peppered moth in a polluted habitat?
a.
b.
c.
d.
camouflage
exoskeleton
mimicry
wings
60 pts
Darwin proposed that natural selection took place as
individuals best suited to the ____________________
survived and reproduced.
80 pts
When lions prey on a herd of antelopes,
some antelopes are killed and some escape.
Which part of Darwin’s concept of natural selection
might be used to describe this situation?
a.
b.
c.
d.
acquired characteristics
survival of the fittest
reproductive isolation
descent with modification
100 pts
The two main sources of genetic variation are
a.
b.
c.
d.
genotypes and phenotypes.
crossing-over and mutations.
single-gene traits and polygenic traits.
directional selection and disruptive selection.
20 pts
Certain animal structures have different functions
in different species but are included in related animals with a
common ancestor and are genetically similar.
These structures are called _____________ structures.
40 pts
The oldest and longest era that saw the evolution of
organic molecules to prokaryotes to eukaryotes is
_____________
a.
b.
c.
d.
Cenozoic
Mesozoic
Paleozoic
Precambrian.
60 pts
Mimicry is an example of __________.
a.
b.
c.
d.
convergent evolution.
homology.
divergent evolution.
different phenotypes.
80 pts
Which statement about the members of a population that
live long enough to reproduce is consistent with the theory
of natural selection?
a. They transmit characteristics acquired by use and disuse to
their offspring.
b. They tend to produce fewer offspring than others in the
population.
c. They are the ones that are best adapted to survive in
their environment.
d. They will perpetuate unfavorable changes in the s pecies.
100 pts
Which of the following gives evidence of the endosymbiont
theory?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Eukaryotic organelles like mitochondria have their own DNA.
Eukaryote are simpler than prokaryotes.
All living things use the same organic molecules.
Early cells worked together in colonies.
20 pts
When individuals at only one end of a bell curve of
phenotype frequencies have high fitness, the result is
a.
b.
c.
d.
directional selection.
disruptive selection.
stabilizing selection.
genetic drift.
40 pts
The many different Galápagos finch species
that evolved from a single finch species
are an excellent example of
a.
b.
c.
d.
adaptive radiation.
stabilizing selection.
genetic equilibrium.
selection on single-gene traits.
60 pts
A sparrow mates in the spring, while a blue-footed booby mates in the fall.
This is an example of _________ between the two species.
a.
Behavioral isolation
b.
Geographic isolation
c.
Temporal isolation
d.
Adaptive radiation
80 pts
A fowler’s toad has a different mating call than an American
toad. Which mode of evolution is illustrated here?
a. disruptive selection
b. geographic isolation
c. convergent evolution
d. behavioral isolation
100 pts
In the environment, natural selection interacts directly with
a.
b.
alleles.
genes.
c.
d.
phenotypes.
mutations.
20 pts
A picture of all 46 chromosomes within a
human cell is called a _________.
60 pts
One function of gel electrophoresis is to
a.
b.
c.
d.
separate DNA fragments.
recombine DNA.
cut DNA.
extract DNA.
80 pts
A DNA molecule produced by combining DNA from
different organisms is known as
a.
b.
c.
d.
a mutant.
a polyploid.
a hybrid.
recombinant DNA.
100 pts
What has been an advantage of producing transgenic plants?
a. increasing the food supply
b. producing clones
c. using more pesticides
d. studying human genes
40 pts
The process of polymerase chain reaction is similar to the
process of _________________________, which occurs in cells.
(The only difference is that PCR occurs much more rapidly.)