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Transcript
1
Biogenesis
2
Earth’s History
3
Charles Darwin
4
Natural
selection
5
Evidence of
Evolution
6
Evolution in
Action
7
Biogenesis
Earth’s
History
Charles
Darwin
Natural
Selection
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Evidence
of
Evolution
Evolution
in Action
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$200
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8
Idea that life
could come from
nonliving things
9
What is
spontaneous
generation?
10
The reason
maggots appear
on rotting meat
11
What is flies lay
eggs that hatch on
the meat?
12
Scientist who
disproved the
spontaneous
generation of flies
13
Who is Redi?
14
Scientist who
disproved the
spontaneous
generation of
microoganisms
15
Who is Pasteur?
16
Shape of the flask
that prevented
bacterial growth in
broth for a year
17
What is S-shaped
or curved?
18
Estimated age
of the Earth
19
What is 4 billion
years old?
20
This gas was
missing from the
early Earth
atmosphere
21
What is oxygen
(O2)?
22
Habitat for the
first life forms on
Earth
23
What are oceans
and seas?
24
Besides UV
radiation in the
early atmosphere,
this energy created
simple amino acids
25
What is lightening
or electricity?
26
These 2 scientist’s
experiment simulated
the atmosphere of
early Earth & made
amino acids
27
Who are Miller and
Urey?
28
The ship Darwin
sailed on as its
naturalist
29
What is the
H.M.S. Beagle?
30
Title of the book
written by Charles
Darwin
31
What is Origin of
Species?
32
Islands studied by
Charles Darwin
33
What are the
Galapagos Islands?
34
35
The mechanism
proposed by Darwin
for evolutionary
change
36
What is natural
selection?
37
Darwin used this
phrase for
individuals
competing with each
other
38
What is the
“struggle for
existence” or
survival of the
fittest?
39
Individuals having
different traits in a
population
40
What is genetic
variation?
41
Man responsible for
this theory
42
Who is Charles
Darwin?
43
A trait that makes
an individual
successful in its
environment
44
What is an
adaptation?
45
In order to pass on
traits, an individual
must do this
46
What is reproduce?
47
A measure of an
individual’s genetic
contribution to the
next generation
48
What is fitness?
49
Remains or traces
of an organism that
died long ago
50
What is a fossil?
51
Term that means a
species no longer
exists
52
What is extinct?
53
Record of when
different fossils
were found and
organisms existed
54
What is a geologic
timescale?
55
Rock strata where
the oldest fossils
will be found
56
What are the
bottom most
layers?
57
58
Anatomical structures
with similar structures
but different
functions
59
What are
homologous
structures?
60
Galapagos tortoises
and finches were
similar to the
finches and
tortoises found
here
61
What is the
mainland of South
America?
62
Scientists study
this macromolecule
to determine if
organisms are
related
63
What is DNA or
nucleic acid?
64
Evolution in when
species develop similar
characteristics
because of living in
similar environments
65
What is convergent
evolution?
66
Type of evolution in
which organisms with
similar structures
develop from a
common ancestor
67
What is divergent
evolution?
68
When species evolve
and spread out to
fill all parts of an
environment
69
What is adaptive
radiation?
70
71
Fossils
72
Technique used
to determine the
absolute age of a
fossil
73
What is
radiometric
dating?
74