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Transcript
GEF Support to Adaptation:
the SPA, the LDCF and the SCCF
By Bonizella Biagini
Program Manager
Climate Change Adaptation
Global Environment Facility
IFAD Workshop, May 2007
1
GEF operations in response to
UNFCCC guidance on adaptation


Staged approach (COP1, COP4): Preparation
Enabling Activities
(funds for V&A assessments and capacity building from support
for National Communications)
New guidance: Implementation
=> Strategic Priority on Adaptation (SPA) Trust Fund
=> LDC Fund (UNFCCC)
=> SCCF Fund (UNFCCC)
$230 M (currently available for adaptation/pledges)
=> Adaptation Fund under discussion (Kyoto Protocol)

2
Implementation: GEF Trust Fund
“Piloting an Operational Approach to Adaptation” (SPA)
Projects will: “Show how adaptation planning and
assessment can be practically translated into
projects that will provide real benefits”
–
–
–
–
–
$50 million allocation
Incremental Costs and global benefits
GEF Assistance to Address Adaptation
SPA operational guidelines
Independent Evaluation
3
GEF Trust Fund-supported Projects (SPA)
Implementing Agency: World Bank
Approved Projects (WP)
– Kiribati Adaptation Program (GEF $1.5 M)
– Integrated National Adaptation Pilot: High Mountain
Ecosystems, Colombia’s Caribbean Insular Areas, and
Human Health (GEF $4M)
– Implementation of Pilot Adaptation Measures in coastal areas
of Dominica, St. Lucia and St. Vincent & the Grenadines,
Regional Caribbean (GEF $1.9M)
4
GEF Trust Fund -supported projects (SPA)
Implementing Agency: UNDP

Approved (WP)
– Community-Based Adaptation Program (Global, pilot in
Bangladesh, Bolivia, Niger and Samoa) (GEF $5M)
– Responding to Shoreline Change UNDP (Regional, West
Africa, countries include: Senegal, Gambia, Guinea Bissau,
Mauritania, Cape Verde (GEF $4M)

MSPs
– Lake Balaton, Hungary (GEF $1 M)
– Adaptation Learning Mechanism (Knowledge Management
initiative), global – pilot in Asia (GEF $1 M)
5
Projects: GEF-supported Adaptation Pipeline (SPA)
Implementing Agency: UNEP

MSP
– Integrating Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate
Change into Sustainable Development Policy
Planning and Implementation in Southern and
Eastern Africa
(GEF $1M)
6
Climate Change New funds
LDCF and SCCF: focus on development

Least Developed Countries Fund
implementation of NAPAs (urgent and immediate needs)

Special Climate Change Fund
(a) top priority: adaptation
Areas: Water, land management, agriculture, health,
infrastructure development, fragile ecosystems, integrated
coastal zone management, disaster risk management and
prevention
=> Complementarity of the funds
7
Additional COST


The adverse impacts of climate change impose an
additional cost on vulnerable countries to achieve their
development goals
The new funds will support the additional cost of
activities that reduce vulnerability and increase adaptive
capacity to facilitate the transition towards climateresilient development
8
How to calculate the additional cost?
Two options:
1.
2.
Using a sliding scale as a shortcut (agreed %
of baseline and additional costs)
Additional cost reasoning (explaining what are
the baseline costs and the additional costs)
9
Status of the new funds
LDCF
– Existing resources, including pledges: $115 million
– The LDCF has supported the preparation of NAPAs
in 44 LDCs and will support NAPA implementation
SCCF
- Total resources, including pledges: $60 million
- $34 million already programmed in projects on the ground
=> About $90 million mobilized in the last 12 months
1
Different features
GEF TRUST FUND
 Incremental cost
 Global benefits
 RAF
 Co-financing
New FUNDS
 Additional cost
 Sliding scale (optional)
 NO RAF
 NO Global benefits
 Different approach to cofinancing
1
Comparison: SPA (protecting global commons),
LDCF and SCCF (protecting human development)
SPA
(GEF
Trust Fund)
LDCF
Urgent and
Immediate needs
(by NAPAs)
Incremental cost Additional cost
(global benefits) of adaptation
measures
SCCF
Priority areas of
intervention
(COP guidance)
Additional cost
of adaptation
measures
sliding scale
Projects include sliding scale
optional
optional
incremental cost (no incremental cost (no incremental cost
reasoning
and no global benefits) and no global benefits) 1
SCCF work program – first projects




Kenya Adaptation to Climate Change in Arid Lands (KACCAL)
(WB) => $6.2M
Guyana Conservancy Adaptation Project (WB) => $5M
3 projects: Coping with Drought and Climate Change in Ethiopia,
Mozambique and Zimbabwe (UNDP)
=> SCCF $1M each
Mainstreaming Climate Change in Integrated Water Resources
Management in Pangani River Basin (UNDP) Tanzania
=> SCCF $1 M
1
SCCF pipeline – first projects






Adaptation to climate change through Effective Water Governance in
Ecuador (UNDP) => SCCF $3 M
Adaptation to climate change and health: Barbados and Fiji (low-lying),
Uzbekistan and Jordan (desert/desert-fringe), Bhutan, Kenya and China
(highland) (UNDP/WHO) => SCCF $6 M
Implementation of Pilot Climate Change Adaptation Measures in the
Andean Region (WB) Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru => SCCF $6.7 M
Climate-Resilience Development and Adaptation India (UNDP)
=> SCCF $4M
Protection of Environmental Services of Coastal Wetlands in the Gulf of
Mexico (WB) => SCCF $4.8 M
Pacific Islands Adaptation to Climate Change Project (PACC) Regional
(Cook Islands, Micronesia, Fiji, Nauru, Papua New Guinea, Samoa,
Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu) (UNDP)
=> SCCF $11.5 M
1
LDCF: Projects submitted for NAPA
Implementation

Bhutan: Reduce climate change-induced risks and
vulnerabilities from glacial lake outbursts in the
Punakha-Wangdi and Chamkhar Valleys
(UNDP) => LDCF $3.5M

Bangladesh: Community based adaptation to climate
change through coastal afforestation
(UNDP) => LDCF $3M
Malawi Carla (African Development Bank)

1
NAPA Implementation - Continues
Samoa Integrated NAPA (multi-sectoral)
 Niger (agriculture sector)
 Mauritania (water resources management in
arid oasian zones)
 Djibuti

1
Project Cycle -- SPA
PIF
 PPG
 Pipeline
 WP
 CEO Endorsement


MSPs
1
Project Cycle -- SCCF
PIF
 PPG
 Pipeline
 WP
 CEO Endorsement


MSPs
1
Project Cycle -- LDCF








PIF
PPG
Accelerated project cycle
Project submitted on a rolling basis
Only posted on the web, not submitted to the Council
during Council meetings
4 objections needed to stop them
WP and CEO endorsement merged in one stop
MSPs up to $2 million
1
Challenges and Opportunities
How to integrate adaptation measures into development




How to estimate the costs of adaptation
More information and data are needed
There are many existing good practices and indigenous
knowledge to cope with current climate stresses
However => there is enough knowledge and expertise
on the ground to start implementing adaptation
2
Thank you
GEF Website
www.thegef.org
e-mail: [email protected]
2