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Transcript
The Second European
Climate Change Programme
Working Group III
Carbon Capture and Geological Storage
Draft Mandate
Jürgen Lefevere
DG Environment, Climate Change & Energy Unit
European Commission: Environment Directorate General Slide: 1
CCS on the Global Agenda




Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF)
IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme
G8 Action Plan on Technology
IPCC:



IPCC Special Report on Carbon dioxide Capture and Storage
(September 2005)
Greenhouse gas inventory guidelines (2006)
Ongoing work under other Conventions:


(London) Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by
Dumping of Wastes and other Matter (1972)
(Ospar) Convention for the Protection of the Marine
Environment of the North-East Atlantic (1992)
European Commission: Environment Directorate General Slide: 2
CCS on the EU agenda

Activities under FP5 and FP6







19 Projects on Capture and Storage worth more than 170 M€
Growth Initiative – “Quickstart” Programme : Hypogen
Co-ordination of member states activities, ERA-NET (FENCO)
1st European High Level Conference on CO2 Capture and
Storage (April 2005)
International Cooperation : Contribute to the Carbon
Sequestration Leadership Forum, an objective in last 2 Call for
Proposals
European Technology Platform on Zero Emission Fossil Fuel
Power Plants
Activities under FP7


CO2 capture and storage technologies for zero emission power
generation
Clean coal technologies
European Commission: Environment Directorate General Slide: 3
9 February 2005:
Commission Communication COM(2005) 35 final
“Winning the battle against climate change”
7. Conclusions
3. Enhanced innovation: […] A portfolio of low emission technologies
is already available and needs to be disseminated more widely.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Renewable electricity &
fuels
Energy efficiency &
conservation
Forests & Soils
Fuels switch
Carbon Capture and
Storage
Nuclear Fission
European Commission: Environment Directorate General Slide: 4
Source: Climate Mitigation
Initiative, Princeton University
A role for CCS?
Source:
IPCC Special Report on
Carbon dioxide Capture
and Storage (Sept 2005)
European Commission: Environment Directorate General Slide: 5
9 February 2005:
Commission Communication COM(2005) 35 final
“Winning the battle against climate change”
8.Recommendations for EU Climate
Policies: The Next Steps
“A new phase of the European Climate Change
Programme in 2005: The Commission will review
progress
and
explore
new
actions
to
systematically exploit cost effective emission
reduction options in synergy with the Lisbon strategy.
Attention will be paid in particular to energy efficiency, renewable
energy, the transport sector (including aviation and maritime
transport), and carbon capture and storage.”
European Commission: Environment Directorate General Slide: 6
ECCP WG III (CCS): objective

The general objective of the Working Group is
to explore geological carbon capture and
storage as a mitigation option by:



reviewing the potential, economics and risks of CCS;
identifying regulatory needs and barriers and
exploring the elements of an enabling regulatory
framework for the development of environmentally
sound CCS;
identifying other barriers that could impede the
development of environmentally sound policies to
advance CCS, and policies to enable the
development of environmentally sound CCS.
European Commission: Environment Directorate General Slide: 7
Working Group Meetings
Four Meetings:

State of play (February 2006)

Risks and economic potential (March 2006)

The regulatory framework (April 2006)

Summary and conclusions (May 2006)
European Commission: Environment Directorate General Slide: 8
Policy deliverables

Final Report of WG III by May 2006

Communication on CCS at the end of 2006
or early 2007
European Commission: Environment Directorate General Slide: 9
Thank You!
http://europa.eu.int/
comm/environment/
climat/eccp.htm
European Commission: Environment Directorate General Slide: 10
Actual and projected progress of GHG
reductions in the EU
110
EU-25 emissions
EU-25 existing measures
100
EU-25 additional measures
EU-15 emissions
EU-15 existing measures
EU-15 additional measures
95
EU-15 target (Kyoto)
EU-15 target + Kyoto
mechanisms
Business as usual
Kyoto mechanisms
2010
2005
2000
1995
90
1990
base year emissions=100
105
European Commission: Environment Directorate General Slide: 11
Distance-to-target in 2010 (percentage points)
for the EU-25, including Kyoto mechanisms
EU-25
0,9
-3,5
-49
Estonia
Lithuania
Latvia
Luxembourg
Czech Republic
Slovakia
United Kingdom
Poland
Sweden
Hungary
Netherlands
Germany
Belgium
France
Greece
Finland
Italy
Austria
Slovenia
Ireland
Denmark
Portugal
Spain
-52
-43
0
-38
-40,6
-18
-17
-18,5
0
-12
-13
-8
-6
-5
0
0
0,1
-3
0 1
5
-0,4
9
-2
10
-0,1
12
0
13
3
13
-5
8
13
14
19
25
15
26
6
- 60
- 50
- 40
- 30
- 20
- 10
0
+ 10
+ 20
+ 30
+ 40
Percentage points over-delivery (-) or shortfall (+) of respective emission target
With existing domestic measures
With additional domestic measures
both including use of Kyoto mechanisms
Notes: Data exclude emissions and removals from land-use, land-use change and forestry. All EU-15 Member States provided projections assuming existing
domestic policies and measures. Several countries provided projections with additional domestic policies and measures. For following Member States the
Environment
General Slide:
12
additional effects of the use of Kyoto mechanisms is included: Austria,European
Belgium, Commission:
Denmark, Finland,
Ireland,Directorate
Italy, Luxembourg,
the Netherlands
and Spain),.
For EU-15 the effect of use of Kyoto mechanisms is calculated based on information from these nine countries. Projections for Poland cover only CO2 and N2O
and include LULUCF. Projections for Spain cover only CO2. Projections for Cyprus and Malta are not available. Source: EEA, 2005