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Center for International Climate and
Environmental Research-Oslo:
Research Priorities and
Interest in China
Lin Gan
SINCIERE Member Workshop
October 19, 2007
Institute Profile
Established in 1990
Focus on climate change related research
Independent foundation at Oslo University
More than 40 staff with different background
Conduct interdisciplinary research
Key Research Areas
• Scientific basis of climate change and
international agreements
• GHG mitigation and costs
• Climate impacts, vulnerability and
Scientific Basis and
International Agreements
– What are the key processes, both natural and
man-made, that contribute to climate change?
– What are the effects of emissions and climate
policy measures on the climate system?
– How do we translate scientific knowledge about
the climate system and future scenarios to
politically feasible actions in international
– What role does conflicting interests, at both the
domestic and international levels, play in climate
GHG Mitigation and Costs
– How can we mitigate climate change cost
effectively for the short and the long term?
– How can we compare the costs and benefits of
climate policy options?
– How do international climate agreements
translate to national or regional climate policy?
– What are the impacts of greenhouse gas
mitigation options on other environmental
problems, e.g. air pollution, energy security or
social development?
Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation
– What are the specific impacts of climate
change for various regions throughout the
– What makes a country or region vulnerable
to climate change?
– How can local knowledge be incorporated
in adaptation strategy?
– How do the effects of climate change
interact with other stressors, such as
Integrated Assessment of Options for
Greenhouse Gas Mitigation
• Need to link climate change issues and
policies with pollution control, economic and
social development priorities
• Cost-benefit analysis of different policy
options on pollution abatement and CO2
emissions reduction
• Address pressing issues related to rural
development and sustainable energy and
environmental policies
Research Priorities
• Sustainable economic growth, energy security
and regional development
• Urban and regional air pollution (including acid
• Sustainable rural development: indoor air
pollution and renewable energy development
• Co-benefit analysis of abatement measures and
policy options
• Climate impact and adaptation on water
resource management , community
development and renewable energy
Co-benefit Analysis
• Analyze co-benefits of GHG emissions reduction
and regional/local pollution abatement
• Assess health and environmental impacts of air
and water pollution and remidation strategies
and policy measures
• Analyze top-down and bottom-up approaches in
taking cost-effective actions
• Assessment of key technologies and financial
Projects in China
• Options for Chinese climate policy in the
second commitment period
• Benefits and costs to China of a climate
• Environmental decision making in China Development of an integrated, effect-based,
approach for supporting a comprehensive
and cost-effective air pollution abatement
policy (‘DEMAND’)
Projects in China
• An environmental cost model and estimation
• Master plan against air pollution in Shanxi Province
• Sustainable development and climate policies in a
world of economic globalization
• Atmospheric pollution effects on local, regional and
global scales – an integrated approach
• Wind energy development and policies
• Sustainable transport and greening of the auto
• Climate impact and adaptation in the Himalaya region
Missing Policy Coordination in China
• SEPA: energy management and efficiency
• Ministry of Agriculture: public health related to
energy production and use
• Ministry of Health: risks of household energy
use and industry pollution on air and water
• Ministry of Finance: lack of support to
sustainable energy and environmental
protection targets
• NDRC: lack of effective coordination on key
policy priorities and abatement measures
Need for Cross-sector Actions
• Most research and policy action are conducted
in sector-oriented approach
• Lack coordination and cross-sector
• It is important to assess key environmental
problems and policies in a broader perspective
• Innovative policies should be designed to
promote cost-effective action across disciplinary
Energy and Environment
in Rural Development
• Rural energy use and its health and
environment impacts are largely ignored
• New technologies are available
• Identify cross-sectoral and innovative
solutions, e.g. bioenergy and water resource
management, improvement in housing
conditions to reduce indoor pollution
• Promote policy intervention through finance,
commercial and community participation
Key Problems
Water pollution
Indoor air pollution
Agriculture land degradation
Agriculture product safety
Health impact of food security
Health impact of household coal use
Measures to be Taken
• Rational use of wetlands and waste land
• Combining sustainable farming with growth
of energy crops
• Energy crops production (reed, willow)
• Pellets production and dissemination of
biomass burning stoves
• Reduced coal use in households
• Reduced water pollution to agriculture land
and the sea
• Reduced CO2 emissions from fossil fuel use
• Reduced risks in agriculture products
• Reduced health impact of indoor pollution
• Income and jobs for farmers