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Transcript
POST-2012 AND FUTURE ACTION
Discussions based on the Sao Paulo Proposal
for the BASIC project
Alejandra Lopez Carbajal
european capacity building initiative
ecbi
european capacity building initiative
initiative européenne de renforcement des capacités
ecbi
for sustained capacity building in support of international climate change negotiations
pour un renforcement durable des capacités en appui aux négociations internationales
sur les changements climatiques
european capacity building initiative
ecbi
european capacity building initiative
ecbi
Future action
• Any future emission reduction framework should ensure
leadership of Annex I/B countries by the adoption of
sufficiently stringent and ambitious commitments (i.e.
absolute emissions caps),
• Definition of a medium/long term goal for the future regime
should not only translate the meaning of the ultimate
objective of the Convention in terms of mitigation but also
take into account adaptation concerns, i.e. a more
development orientated approach and, if possible,
expressed in concrete terms (e.g. impacts and/or
economic terms, this could be further translated into
emissions scenarios),
european capacity building initiative
ecbi
Future action II
• Future action should also take into account
the need for adequate funding, in particular
for the recognised need for adaptation
• In implementing their commitments, Annex
I/B Parties should manage the impact of
their mitigation actions on developing
countries (e.g. impact of “food miles” on
developing countries’ exports),
european capacity building initiative
ecbi
Developing countries’ participation
• There is a need to recognise that
developing countries are already taking
actions through sustainable development
policies with climate benefits. These efforts
are described in Non-Annex I National
Communications.
• All countries, developed and developing,
must enhance their mitigation efforts
european capacity building initiative
ecbi
Developing countries’ participation II
• Non-Annex I Parties should then be
grouped into classes according to their
specific circumstances and the large
emitters among developing countries
should enhance their mitigation efforts, in a
joint effort according to Article 4.1 of the
UNFCCC
european capacity building initiative
ecbi
Developing countries’ participation III
• A broader participation of developing countries
could include: quantifying their emissions
reductions made through sustainable development
actions (assisted by monitoring, measurement,
and verification estimations) and gradating actions
(instead of type of commitments),
• Nevertheless, there should be meaningful
incentives for this gradation.
• Adaptation is a priority for developing countries,
• If developing countries have to fund their
adaptation domestically it will reduce their
financial capability to take on mitigation actions,
• Adaptation (and technology transfer) is closely
linked to financial mechanisms and need to be
used to tackle climate change
european capacity building initiative
ecbi
Adaptation
european capacity building initiative
ecbi
Adaptation II
• Actions on adaptation need to be expanded into a
truly international strategy in which all developed
countries contribute to funding through some
mechanism, including innovative financing (e.g.
extending the levy to all flexible mechanisms,
airline travel, etc.),
• Particularly vulnerable countries should be
prioritised for funding assistance
• In the short term, implementation of adaptation
includes effective application of the 5 Year Work
Programme, operationalisation of the Adaptation
Fund, and a strategy for funding adaptive
technology.
european capacity building initiative
ecbi
Adaptation III
european capacity building initiative
ecbi
Technology
• Technologies are a crucial element for mitigation and
adaptation
• Current conception of technology transfer should evolve to
a more sustainable scheme for skills transfer
• North–South technology cooperation should be enhanced
by different means, including use of the markets, existing
mechanisms (CDM) and innovative financing
• South-South technology cooperation must be encouraged
with a strong component of skill transfer and capacity
strengthening