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Transcript
Operationalizing the Standing Committee
What Functions? What Form?
By
Farrukh Iqbal Khan Pakistan
Benito Muller, ECBI
european capacity building initiative
ecbi
european capacity building initiative
initiative européenne de renforcement des capacités
ecbi
for sustained capacity building in support of international climate change negotiations
pour un renforcement durable des capacités en appui aux négociations internationales
sur les changements climatiques
1. BACKGROUND AND MOTIVATIONS
1.2. Tier One: Fixing the existing system – Tying up loose ends
•
Overseeing Operating Entities
•
The Subsidiary Body for Implementation
•
The Current Oversight Procedure
•
Mantra Guidance and the SEI Report
•
Other Loose End: Determination of Financial Needs
european capacity building initiative
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1.1. The Financial Mechanism of the UNFCCC
Four Core Functions
• Improving coherence and coordination in the delivery of
climate change financing
• Rationalization of the financial mechanism
• Mobilization of financial resources
• MRV of support
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1.3. Tier Two: The push for improved governance and
coherence in the delivery of international climate finance
Guidance and recommendations
•
•
•
•
draft guidance to the Operating Entities (OEs) of the FM;
recommendations to other actors in climate finance
universecomparable standards, guidelines and rules in
allocation such as recommendations/draft guidance with
regards to overcoming thematic and geographical
imbalances in the international flows of climate finance;
Coordination amongst various bodies in the Convention
Rationalising the Financial Mechanism of the Convention;
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2. FUNCTIONS
2.1. Guidance, Recommendations and Review
•Operational rules and modalities of Oes;
•Modalities for MRV including certification;
•Access modalities, including direct access;
•Comparable standards, guidelines and rules for the allocation
of finance;
•Assessed contribution, if applicable;
•Adequacy of resources.
european capacity building initiative
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Review
•Accountability of the OEs to the COP? Independent
evaluations?
2.2. Reporting and verifying of financial support to developing
countries
Reporting
•
Financial Support Registry for both in and outside the FM
Act as platform of consultation with private sector, civil
society as well as multilateral and bilateral entities.
Liaise with other Convention bodies such as the Adaptation
Committee, Technology Executive Committee.
Verifying
Provide the COP with all support necessary to verify:
•
•
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•
•
What could be counted? Convention obligations?
And how to be counted? assessed contributions? certifications
by recipient countries.
2.3. Other Functions
Support the COP in mobilizing of financial resources,
including the private sector.
•
Report to the COP.
•
Fulfil any other function assigned by the COP.
european capacity building initiative
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•
3. FORM
3.1. Accountability of a ‘National Treasure’
•Smaller/expert body placing recommendation before the
parent body for decision.
3.2. Subsidiary to whom?
•Subsidiary body to the COP.
•Assist the Conference of Parties not to assist any other body
european capacity building initiative
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•Take a leaf from Parliamentary oversight ?
•
•
•
•
Question of resources/financing
Expertise
Parliamentary oversight
Equitable representation?
european capacity building initiative
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3.3. Membership: Composition & Selection
• Open –ended or Representative Body?
Table 3.1. UNFCCC Electoral Constituencies and Seat Allocation
Asia
G’LAC
EE
WEOG
Bureau
2
2
2
2
2
CDM EB
1
1
1
1
1
EGTT
3
3
3
AFB
2
2
2
TC
7
7
7
(3)
(3)
(3)
TEC
ECOSOC
14
11
10
AI
2
8
2
2
2
15
9
6
Total
D’ed
D’ing
1
11
36%
64%
2
1
10
40%
60%
1
1
19
42%
58%
2
1
1
16
38%
63%
0
2
2
40
38%
63%
9
1
1
20
45%
55%
Av.
40%
60%
54
35%
65%
NAI
13
AOSIS
LDC
Source : Table 1 in Benito Müller, UNFCCC – The Future of the Process: Remedial Action on Process
Ownership and Political Guidance », Climate Strategies Brief, Feb. 2011 ; www.oxfordclimatepolicy.org
Legend
G’LAC:
AI:
NAI:
D’ed:
D’ing:
GRULAC
Annex I
non-Annex I
Developed country constituencies (EE. WEOG, Annex I)
Developing country constituencies
european capacity building initiative
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Africa
Table 3.2. Two Politically Balanced Models
9
3
3
2
2
1
1
(B)
18
6
6
4
4
1
1
21
40
* = Developing
62%
65.00%
** = Developed
33%
32.50%
Non-Aligned
5%
2.50%
G77+China*
Umbrella Group**
European Union**
Least Developed Countries*
Alliance of Small Island States*
Environmental Integrity Group**
Non-Aligned
Total
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(A)