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Transcript
european capacity building initiative
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european capacity building initiative
initiative européenne de renforcement des capacités
ecbi
Bangladesh Climate Change Fund
Munjurul Hannan Khan, Ph.D.
Ministry of Environment and Forests
Government of Bangladesh
31 Oct.- 1 Nov. 2011, Tanzania
for sustained capacity building in support of international climate change negotiations
pour un renforcement durable des capacités en appui aux négociations internationales
sur les changements climatiques
Background:
Climate Finance
Parties agreed at COP 7 on establishing
three new special funds viz.
-
Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF)
-
Least Developed Countries Fund, (LDCF)
-
Adaptation Fund
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Publication of the IPCC Third Assessment
Report, adaptation gained more momentum
Background
Climate Finance
Lack of Resources under the UNFCCC
process
Inaccessibility to the fund through existing
financial architecture
Delayed implementation of NAPA/ Adaptation
Actions
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As a response to the COP7, preparation of
NAPA in 2005 and Updated in 2009
Bangladesh Climate Change Trust Fund (BCCTF):
Country Driven Initiative
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• Established under the Bangladesh Climate Change Trust
Fund Act 2010
• Objective: implementing BCCSAP
• Allocation USD 100 million each FY in 2009-2010,
2010-2011, 2011-2012
• Nature of Fund: Block Budgetary Allocation
• Management : Formation of Trustee Board
• Lead Implementing Organization: Ministry of
• Environment of Forests
• Operation through Board of Trustee and Technical
Committee
Board of Trustee for
CCTF
Ministry of Environment and Forest, Finance, Agriculture, Food & Disaster Mgt,
Foreign Affairs, Women and Child Affairs, Water Resources, Shipping, Health
and Family Planning, Local Government, Rural Dev. And Cooperatives,
Cabinet Secretary, to the government
Governor, Bangladesh Bank
Secretary, Ministry of Finance
Member, (Infrastructure ), Planning Commission
Two representatives from civil society nominated by the government
Secretary, Ministry of Environment and Forests ( Member Secretary)
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BoT –17 Members
Minister/ State Minister,
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Organizational Structure: Technical
Committee
• Twelve member Technical Committee (TC)
headed by Secretary, Ministry of Environment
and Forest
• Sectoral technical experts are included as
member of the TC
• Evaluate projects/programs and recommend for
funding from CCTF
Organizational Structure: Sub-Technical
Six sub-technical committee formed based on BCCSAP:
• Food security, social protection and health
• Comprehensive disaster management
• Infrastructure
• Research and Knowledge management
• Mitigation and low carbon development
• Capacity building and institutional strengthening
Sub-TC is responsible for technical evaluation for appraising
submitted projects/ programs and recommend to TC
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Committee
Organizational Structure:
Climate Change Unit
Responsible for ensuring efficient implementation of the
projects/ programs undertaken by other ministries,
departments and NGOs.
CCU headed by the Secretary of MoEF
Staff members of CCU also serve as member of
‘Sub-Technical Committee’
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Climate Change Unit-CCU’ at the Ministry of
Environment and Forest
Management:
CCTF
Technical Committee
12 members
Minister-MoEF
Chair of the Trust
Sub-Technical Committee and
Climate Change Unit at the
MOEF
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Board of Trustee
17 member (2 from CSO)
Secretary MoEF /
Secretary -Trust/ Chief
CCU
Coordination with Other Ministries
Monitoring implementation of BCCSAP
Research/ Policy Negotiation
Perform duties as technical body
Financing Arrangement
Remaining 34% of total CCTF will be kept as ‘fixed
deposit’ to support any emergency situation
Also, interest of the 34% fund will be used for
projects/programs implementation
It’s not mandatory to spend the total allocated amount
within the given financial year.
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66 % of the total CCTF will be used for
projects/programs implementation
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Present Utilization of Fund
• Food Security, Social Protection and Health: USD 13.89
million
• Comprehensive Disaster Management: USD 10.47 million
• Infrastructure: USD 31.70 million
• Research and Knowledge Management: USD 7.54 million
• Mitigation and Low Carbon Development: USD 28. 14 million
• Capacity Building and Institutional Strengthening: USD 3.64
million
Total : USD 95.38 million
Bangladesh Climate Change Resilience Fund
(BCCRF): Background
To shed light on current challenges, in March 08,1st
“Bangladesh-UK Climate Conference” held in Dhaka.
In this conference, representatives from the IFIs and DPs
said explicitly that they would consider creation of a “MultiDonor Trust Fund (MDTF)” for Bangladesh to support
climate change adaptation and mitigation actions.
But, the challenge was how to scale up such investment under
MDTF
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Following the massive destruction caused by cyclone SIDR,
the UK Government showed its interest to support
Bangladesh in climate change adaptation.
BCCRF: Objectives
Also to implement similar activities that would be aimed at
building the capacity and resilience of the country to meet
the challenge of climate change.
BCCSAP aims to build a climate resilience economy and
society in Bangladesh through adaptation to the climate
change as well as mitigation for a low carbon dev.path.
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The objective of BCCRF is primarily to support
implementation of Bangladesh’s Climate Change Strategy
and Action Plan, BCCSAP, a ten-year program (20092018)
BCCRF: Framework
The funds will have two windows; an on-budget
window for funding public sector projects; and an off
budget window for funding projects of the
national/local NGOs and non-profit organizations.
The BCCRF approach would embody the five
principal principles of ‘Aid Effectiveness’ i.e. country
ownership, harmonization, rationalization,
predictability and mutual accountability as undertaken
through Paris Declaration.
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The BCCRF will comprise grant contributions
from the DPs.
BCCRF : Governance
a) An independent ‘Board of Trust’ shall be
administered under Bengal Trust Act and will be
responsible for the strategic direction
b) A Technical Committee responsible for project
selection, review, assessment, evaluation and
monitoring
c) A Secretariat responsible for the day to day
management of the BCC MDTF and supporting the
Board of Trust and the Technical Committee
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The governance of BCCRF will consist of three tiers:
Governance First Tier : Members of the Board
2. Minister, Ministry of Finance
3. Minister, Ministry of Food and Disaster Management
4. Minister, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
5. Minister, Ministry of Agriculture
6. Minister, Women and Children Affairs
7. Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister Office
8. Secretary, Ministry of Environment and Forests ( Member Secretary of Trust)
9. Secretary, Ministry of ERD
10. Secretary, Planning Division
11. Two Representatives from the Development Partners
12. Two Representatives from Civil Society (Nominated by the Government)
13. World Bank (Observer)
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1. Minister/State Minister, Ministry of Environment and Forests (Chair )
Governance First Tier
:Responsibilities of the Board
- Oversee overall management and utilization of BCCRF and
establish control on the fund
- Develop long term projects and program guide and instruct the
expert committee on annual plan and financial plan
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- Provide advisory guidance on program strategic goals and
alignment with BCC SAP, grant criteria and high-level issues,
such as, development of ToR on the Technical Back-stopping
and responsibility to GOB
Governance First Tier
:Responsibilities of the Board
- Guide in the prepare an annual evaluation report through
forming an evaluation team
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- Approve recommendation of the technical committee on the
implementation of the projects and programs to tackle the
impacts of climate change
- Take necessary measures to mobilize funds from other donors
- Review the achievement of results envisaged by the BCCRF
- Provide advocacy support
Governance 2nd Tier
:Technical Committee Members
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1. Secretary, Ministry of Environment and Forests,
Chair
2. Member (GED), Planning Commission
3. Additional Secretary, ERD
4. Joint Secretary (Development), Ministry of
Environment and Forests
5. Deputy Secretary (Environment- 1), Ministry of
Environment and Forests
6. Two Representative from the DPs
7. Representative from the World Bank
Governance 2nd Tier :
Technical Committee Responsibility
Develop, review and endorse the BCCRF
Implementation Manual
-
Review and endorse the BCCRF’s work program
and budget allocations
-
Review and endorse initiating grant requests
submitted by a Government ministry or agency and other
eligible institutions
- Endorse Project Appraisal Document on a “No
objection basis”
- Review and endorse the reports prepared by the BCC
MDTF Secretariat for submission to the BoT as well as
for public dissemination
- Review all semi-annual monitoring and evaluation reports
prepared by the secretariat for submission to the BoT
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-
Governance Third Tier:
BCCRF Secretariat
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RESPONSIBILITIES
Handling the BCCRF day-to-day operations, including
coordination with the Technical Committee and BoT,
maintaining records of the BoT’s business, including meeting
minutes, decisions, and amendment of the Operational
Manual, if required.
Arranging BoT and Technical Committee meetings; handling
the correspondence and minutes of the meetings of the BoT
and Technical Committees.
Providing guidance and clarification to project applicants
and grant recipients on the BCCRF policy processes
Governance Third Tier:
BCCRF Secretariat
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RESPONSIBILITIES
Coordinate with the appropriate experts/ consultants
for project
specific activities such analysis, appraisal and supervision
Identify needs of technical assistance to be sought from the World
Bank and other DPs; coordinate with the World Bank and other DPs
in this regard.
Managing the Public Disclosure Policy (on the basis of the Right to
Information act of the Government of Bangladesh) of the BCCRF,
this includes dissemination of information through Web Site and
other medium.
Board of Trust
Role: Strategic Guidance &
Alignment with the
BCCSAP
DPs/ WB
Role: Technical Back
stopping, Capacity Building,
Skill transfer,
Secretariat
Role: Administrative/
Advocacy/ Communication
/Coordination/
Implementation
Government
Implementing Agencies
Non Government
Implementing Agencies
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Technical Committee
Role: Review, Selection,
Evaluation and Monitoring
BCCRF
Responsibilities and
Coordination
BCCRF Secretariat
Transparency, Accountability and Governance
The Board shall ensure proper book keeping of accounts
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Accounts:
-
The books of accounts shall be open to the inspection by the members of the Board
-
Open Communications, Coordination, and Harmonization –create a website to
inform about the BCCRF
-
Transparency and Accountability - Use of Funds is clearly aligned with the structures,
themes and activities under the BCCSAP
- Client Ownership and Capacity Building – Recognize client needs to enhance
development aid effectiveness and achieve lasting results, per the Paris
Declaration of Aid Effectiveness
- Establish Realistic Goals for the Short- and Medium term – Deliver outputs to meet
expectations and achieve visible development impact Open and Fair
- Competition in Procurement – Procure competitively and select most cost-effective
solution
• United Kingdom - US$94.6 million
• Denmark- US$1.8 million
• Sweden - US$13.6 million
• European Union - US$11.7 million
• Switzerland - US$ 3.8 million
Total : US$ 125.5 million
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BCCRF: Funding Status
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BCCRF: Funded Project
• Building multipurpose cyclone shelters in coastal
areas approved by GC - US$ 25 million
• ‘Agricultural Adaptation in Climatic Risk Prone
Areas of Bangladesh -Drought, Flood and Saline
prone areas- US$ 22.8 million allocated
• Afforestation and Reforestation for Climate
Change Risk Reduction in Hilly and Coastal
Areas - US$ 24.95 million allocated
•
•
•
•
Interim manager for BCCRF
Service charge is 4.5%
Technical inputs during project preparation
After interim period (five years) responsibility
would be transferred to GOB
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World Bank : Managing BCCRF
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BCCF: Challenge Ahead
• How to ensure transparency, accountability and
governance
• Predictability of fund to BCCTF and BCCRF
• Utilization of fund for priority action
• Institutional capacity to take responsibility of
fiduciary risk management
• How to convince Development Partners for
direct access of fund
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Thank you