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Transcript
CLEAN DEVELOPMENT
MECHANISM IN BELIZE
By
Ann Gordon
Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment
14th July 2011
Content
Background
 National Climate Change Committee
 Participation in CDM
 Belize’s Greenhouse Gas Inventory
 Mitigation Potential in Belize

Ministry of Natural
Resources and
Environment
Chief Executive
Officer, MNRE
National Climate
Change Committee
Vulnerability/
Adaptation SubCommittee
National Climate
Change Office
(Secretariat)
Mitigation SubCommittee
Public
Education and
Awareness
Sub-Committee
Composition of the BNCCC
Membership:
 National Government

◦ Ministry of Natural Resources and
Environment (Chair)
◦ Ministry of Finance (Vice Chair)
◦ Ministry of Economic Development (Vice
Chair)
◦ Office of Prime Minister (Vice Chair)
Composition of the BNCCC
Membership:
 Policy Unit
 Department of Agriculture
 Fisheries Department
 Forest Department
 Ministry of Foreign Affairs
 Ministry of Health
 Belize Chamber of Commerce
 Public Utilities Commission
 Programme for Belize
Mitigation
Vulnerability
Adaptation
PEO
Forest Department
NMS
MED
Fisheries Department
OPM
NEMO
Ministry of Finance
Ministry of Health
Coastal Zone
SWMA
BELIZE RED CROSS
Ministry of FA
Ministry of Education
(QUADS)
PUC
UB
Policy Unit
NMS
DOE
DOE
Galen University
PfB
CARDI
Agric Department
NMS
PfB
FD
FD
Policy Unit
Policy Unit
Fisheries Department
Fisheries Dept
University of Belize
DOE
NEMO
Agriculture Department
FD
Ministry of Tourism
Coastal Zone Management
Authority
Agriculture Department
Coastal Zone Management
Authority
Ministry of Tourism
Fisheries Department
Programme for Belize
Ministry of Tourism
Programme for Belize
Activities Implemented Jointly
The Convention provides for Annex I
Parties to implement policies and measures
jointly with other Parties.
 In order to build experience and “learn by
doing”, COP 1launched a pilot phase of
activities implemented jointly (AIJ), under
which Annex I Parties may implement
projects in other countries that reduce
emissions of greenhouse gases or enhance
their removal through sinks.

Activities Implemented Jointly

In 1995, Belize became one of the first
countries to host a project under the
pilot phase of Activities Implemented
Jointly- the Rio Bravo Sequestration
Project
Belize Greenhouse Gas Inventory by Sector (1994)
Greenhouse
Gases
Gigagrams
Energy
617.528
21.8
Industrial
processes and
solvents
1.735
<1
Agriculture
46.4146
1.6
Land-Use change &
2,056.3650
72.747
Waste
104.700
3.7
Forestry
Percentage of
Total Emissions
Belize Greenhouse Gas Inventory by Sector (1997)
Greenhouse
Gases
Gigagrams
Energy
1, 026.7511
Percentage of
Total Emissions
12.6
Industrial
processes and
solvents
1.8001
<1
Agriculture
1.5846
<1
Land-Use change &
7,117.7162
87.34
Waste
1.5141
<1
Forestry
Belize Greenhouse Gas Inventory by Sector (2000)
Greenhouse
Gases
Gigagrams
Energy
1,127.995
Industrial
processes and
solvents
Percentage of
Total Emissions
8.361
2.1972
<1
2.0825
<1
Forestry
12,349.2819
91.593
Waste
1.9158
<1
Agriculture
Land-Use change &
Belize’s Eligibility to participate in
CDM
Date of Signature of the
United Nations
Framework Convention
on Climate Change
Date of Ratification of
UNFCCC
13th June 1992
Date of Ratification of the
Kyoto Protocol
26th September 2003
Establish DNA
2011
31st October 1994
Mitigation Potential In Belize
Methane Abatement
- potential for utilizing the methane emission
produced at primary solid waste disposal sites
for electrical generation, as a viable and economy
friendly operation
 San Benito Solar Panel: pilot project
-replacement of incandescent bulbs with compact
fluorescent bulbs
- Opportunities: Establish sustainability and
continuity plan for existing and new solar systems
. Important for policymakers

Mitigation Potential In Belize
There was overall increased interest in
solar systems among rural and remote
communities of Toledo.
 Cogeneration Projects

Analysis of mitigation on GHGs Emission
through hydropower generation and biomass
cogeneration of electrical energy
It has the potential to manage 31.5 MW
Renewable energy power plants
Mitigation Potential In Belize
Hydromaya
 A Generating station is a 3.15 MW run
off river plant located in Toledo District
 This is an independent power producing
station and sells its power to Belize
Electricity Limited

Capacity Building Project
EU-UNEP Project- Capacity building project $129,000 USDimplementing agency- UNEP Risoe Centre.
 Policymakers in CDM-related line ministries such as Energy,
Agriculture, and Environment
 Investment promotion agencies and local municipalities.
 CDM project proponents, particularly in the private sector
and public -owned enterprises
 DNA staff and members as well as associated committee
 National experts such as local consultants, academics, and
engineers from line ministries as well as national consultancy
firms
 Local banks and financial institutions interested in investing in
or financing CDM Projects in the country.
 First workshop held in August

Establishment of DNA
Activities:
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦

Formulate the CDM Legal Framework
Prepare CDM Review process
Project approval
Review mechanism
Sustainable Development criteria
Design/standardize format for PINS and
submission of CDM projects
First National workshop conducted to solicit inputs from
stakeholders (4 & 5Nov)
Establishment of DNA
The office of the Chief Executive Officer in the
Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment
hosts the DNA
 The Role of DNA:

The assessment and approval of projects that is
consistent with the national sustainable development of
the country.
Written approval of voluntary participation including
confirmation that project activities assist with the national
sustainable development of the country.
 The

Role of the CDM:
To promote Belize as a destination for CDM projects
Current CDM Status in Belize





Institutional framework to promote CDM is being
built
Designated National Authority is being
strengthened
Legal framework for the CDM has been
formulated
Sustainable Development Priorities and indicators
for use in CDM assessment process has been
developed
CDM Projects review and approval procedure has
been developed
Next Steps
◦ Development of CDM Investor’s Guide for the country in
cooperation with BELTRAIDE
◦ Development a national portfolio of CDM Projects
◦ Workshops in communities impacted by CDM
◦ Raising awareness to bankers, financial institution
◦ Second National Workshop to be held in August 2011




PIN and PDD Preparation
Baseline methodologies
CDM Project financing
Approaches to Investment analysis,
◦ Third National Workshop – Verification and validation
process
◦ Present PINs and PDDs designed
Thank you for your attention!!