CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM IN BELIZE By Ann Gordon Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment 14th July 2011 Content Background National Climate Change Committee Participation in CDM Belize’s Greenhouse Gas Inventory Mitigation Potential in Belize Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Chief Executive Officer, MNRE National Climate Change Committee Vulnerability/ Adaptation SubCommittee National Climate Change Office (Secretariat) Mitigation SubCommittee Public Education and Awareness Sub-Committee Composition of the BNCCC Membership: National Government ◦ Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (Chair) ◦ Ministry of Finance (Vice Chair) ◦ Ministry of Economic Development (Vice Chair) ◦ Office of Prime Minister (Vice Chair) Composition of the BNCCC Membership: Policy Unit Department of Agriculture Fisheries Department Forest Department Ministry of Foreign Affairs Ministry of Health Belize Chamber of Commerce Public Utilities Commission Programme for Belize Mitigation Vulnerability Adaptation PEO Forest Department NMS MED Fisheries Department OPM NEMO Ministry of Finance Ministry of Health Coastal Zone SWMA BELIZE RED CROSS Ministry of FA Ministry of Education (QUADS) PUC UB Policy Unit NMS DOE DOE Galen University PfB CARDI Agric Department NMS PfB FD FD Policy Unit Policy Unit Fisheries Department Fisheries Dept University of Belize DOE NEMO Agriculture Department FD Ministry of Tourism Coastal Zone Management Authority Agriculture Department Coastal Zone Management Authority Ministry of Tourism Fisheries Department Programme for Belize Ministry of Tourism Programme for Belize Activities Implemented Jointly The Convention provides for Annex I Parties to implement policies and measures jointly with other Parties. In order to build experience and “learn by doing”, COP 1launched a pilot phase of activities implemented jointly (AIJ), under which Annex I Parties may implement projects in other countries that reduce emissions of greenhouse gases or enhance their removal through sinks. Activities Implemented Jointly In 1995, Belize became one of the first countries to host a project under the pilot phase of Activities Implemented Jointly- the Rio Bravo Sequestration Project Belize Greenhouse Gas Inventory by Sector (1994) Greenhouse Gases Gigagrams Energy 617.528 21.8 Industrial processes and solvents 1.735 <1 Agriculture 46.4146 1.6 Land-Use change & 2,056.3650 72.747 Waste 104.700 3.7 Forestry Percentage of Total Emissions Belize Greenhouse Gas Inventory by Sector (1997) Greenhouse Gases Gigagrams Energy 1, 026.7511 Percentage of Total Emissions 12.6 Industrial processes and solvents 1.8001 <1 Agriculture 1.5846 <1 Land-Use change & 7,117.7162 87.34 Waste 1.5141 <1 Forestry Belize Greenhouse Gas Inventory by Sector (2000) Greenhouse Gases Gigagrams Energy 1,127.995 Industrial processes and solvents Percentage of Total Emissions 8.361 2.1972 <1 2.0825 <1 Forestry 12,349.2819 91.593 Waste 1.9158 <1 Agriculture Land-Use change & Belize’s Eligibility to participate in CDM Date of Signature of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Date of Ratification of UNFCCC 13th June 1992 Date of Ratification of the Kyoto Protocol 26th September 2003 Establish DNA 2011 31st October 1994 Mitigation Potential In Belize Methane Abatement - potential for utilizing the methane emission produced at primary solid waste disposal sites for electrical generation, as a viable and economy friendly operation San Benito Solar Panel: pilot project -replacement of incandescent bulbs with compact fluorescent bulbs - Opportunities: Establish sustainability and continuity plan for existing and new solar systems . Important for policymakers Mitigation Potential In Belize There was overall increased interest in solar systems among rural and remote communities of Toledo. Cogeneration Projects Analysis of mitigation on GHGs Emission through hydropower generation and biomass cogeneration of electrical energy It has the potential to manage 31.5 MW Renewable energy power plants Mitigation Potential In Belize Hydromaya A Generating station is a 3.15 MW run off river plant located in Toledo District This is an independent power producing station and sells its power to Belize Electricity Limited Capacity Building Project EU-UNEP Project- Capacity building project $129,000 USDimplementing agency- UNEP Risoe Centre. Policymakers in CDM-related line ministries such as Energy, Agriculture, and Environment Investment promotion agencies and local municipalities. CDM project proponents, particularly in the private sector and public -owned enterprises DNA staff and members as well as associated committee National experts such as local consultants, academics, and engineers from line ministries as well as national consultancy firms Local banks and financial institutions interested in investing in or financing CDM Projects in the country. First workshop held in August Establishment of DNA Activities: ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Formulate the CDM Legal Framework Prepare CDM Review process Project approval Review mechanism Sustainable Development criteria Design/standardize format for PINS and submission of CDM projects First National workshop conducted to solicit inputs from stakeholders (4 & 5Nov) Establishment of DNA The office of the Chief Executive Officer in the Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment hosts the DNA The Role of DNA: The assessment and approval of projects that is consistent with the national sustainable development of the country. Written approval of voluntary participation including confirmation that project activities assist with the national sustainable development of the country. The Role of the CDM: To promote Belize as a destination for CDM projects Current CDM Status in Belize Institutional framework to promote CDM is being built Designated National Authority is being strengthened Legal framework for the CDM has been formulated Sustainable Development Priorities and indicators for use in CDM assessment process has been developed CDM Projects review and approval procedure has been developed Next Steps ◦ Development of CDM Investor’s Guide for the country in cooperation with BELTRAIDE ◦ Development a national portfolio of CDM Projects ◦ Workshops in communities impacted by CDM ◦ Raising awareness to bankers, financial institution ◦ Second National Workshop to be held in August 2011 PIN and PDD Preparation Baseline methodologies CDM Project financing Approaches to Investment analysis, ◦ Third National Workshop – Verification and validation process ◦ Present PINs and PDDs designed Thank you for your attention!!