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Transcript
Training Needs Assessment of
Relevant Stakeholders
Rwanda and Tanzania
24 February, 2012, Arusha, Tanzania
By Rashid S. Kaukab & Krista Joosep
Objectives of the Trainings
Purpose of training: building capacity of a critical mass of
representatives of stakeholders on climate change-food
security-trade issues
Objectives achieved through training:
• Increased knowledge on issues
• Increased capacity to develop and implement policies
Collaboration: TRAPCA, FARA, AFAAS
Training outputs:
• Three regional training workshops
• Ten national training workshops (two in each EAC country)
2
Training Offered by International Organizations
Climate Change:
• The Capacity Development for Adaptation to Climate Change & GHG Mitigation in Non-Annex I Countries (UNITAR)
• Climate Change Diplomacy Online Course (UNCCLEARN)
• Country Pilot Projects to Strengthen Human Resources, Learning and Skills Development to Address Climate
Change (UNCCLEARN)
• Strategic planning for adaptation to climate change (INTER-CEPT)
• CLIMAFRICA - Climate change predictions in Sub-Saharan Africa: Impact and Adaptation (UNFCCC)
• Capacity Development on Climate change (FAO)
Food Security and Trade:
• Food Security: Can Trade and Investment improve it? (UNITAR/WTI)
• Assessing Impact of Development Programs on Food Security (FAO)
Food Security and Climate:
• Several FAO learning services on Capacity Development on Climate Change (FAO)
• The e-learning tool 'Planning for Community Based Adaptation (CBA) to Climate Change‘(FAO)
Trade:
• Netherlands Trainee Program (EUR 3.9 million to training for least developed countries) 2012-2015 on trade related
issues
• WTO Technical Assistance and Training Plan 2012/2013 (Upcoming)
• Short Trade Policy Courses (STPCs) on trade negotiation skills (WTO)
• General courses on intellectual property (WIPO)
3
Broad Information on Respondents
Countries: Rwanda and Tanzania:
Respondents to the questionnaire: 55% NGOs, 20% government, 15% farmers’
orgs, 10% private sector
Working with specific subject matter:
•
•
•
•
•
10% in trade and climate change
30% in trade and food security
10% food security and climate change
30% in trade-food security-climate change
20% other
4
• Highest-ranking believed causes of food insecurity
in the EAC region
1. High weather variability
2. Inadequate food trade between deficit and surplus areas
3. Low agriculture productivity
5
Awareness of the Following
National and Regional Policies
National or regional policy
Awareness
National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA)
5
National Trade Policy/Strategy of your country
11
National Food Security Policy of your country
11
EAC Climate Change Policy
6
EAC Common Market Protocol
12
EAC Climate Change Master Plan and Strategy
3
EAC Food Security Action Plan (2011-2015)
6
EAC Agriculture and Rural Development Strategy
8
6
Familiarity with regional policy-making processes
30
25
20
5
0
Trade
Agriculture
Somewhat familiar
10
Familiar
Familiar
15
Somewhat familiar
Responses in %
Very familiar
Somewhat familiar
Little familiar
Not familiar
Climate Change
Mitigation and
Adaptation
7
Familiarity with national-regional policy linkages
…with regard to policy design and implementation related to
trade, food security and climate change
25
10
Little familiar
15
Very familiar
Somewhat familiar
Responses in %
20
5
Familiar
Somewhat familiar
Little familiar
Not familiar
0
Familiarity with national-regional linkages
in policy design
8
Familiarity with drought resistant seeds and credit programs
…and their potential for improving food security In the face of
climate change
35
Very familiar
30
Familiar
25
20
15
10
Somewhat familiar
Responses in %
40
Somewhat familiar
Little familiar
Not familiar
5
0
9
• How to improve implementation of relevant
policies at the national and regional levels
1. Better institutional coordination
2. Multi-stakeholder involvement
10
Familiarity with the workings of these international
organizations
30
Very familiar
25
Familiar
Somewhat familiar
20
10
5
Not familiar
15
Little familiar
Little familiar
Little familiar
Responses in %
35
Not familiar
0
FAO
WTO
UNFCCC
11
Familiarity with the Following WTO, FAO, UNFCCC Agreements and
Instruments
60
Responses in %
50
40
30
20
10
0
WTO
TRIPS
WTO AoA WTO SPS,
TBT
WTO
Negs on
Envirn.
Very familiar
FAO
Resos. on
food
security
Familiar
IUPGR
LTCA
JI & CDM
Somewhat familiar
Carbon
Kyoto
Emissions Protocol
Market
Little familiar
UNFCCC
COPs
Not familiar
12
Familiarity with international Public Financing Initiatives
available to the EAC region to adapt to climate uncertainties
Very familiar
20
15
10
5
Familiar
Not familiar
Responses in %
25
Somewhat familiar
Little familiar
Not familiar
0
Familiarity with financing mechanisms
13
Expressed Training Needs
Most important training needs on issues related to climate
change, food security, and trade:
• Training on practical matters
• Training on policy matters
Most effective format for training:
• Case studies
• Group workshops
• Presentations
Assess learning level of participants after training :
• 100 % say YES
14
Asante Sana!
For More Information Please Visit:
www.cuts-geneva.org/pacteac
15