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Subjunctive with verbs of influence Aconsejar, exigir, recomendar, dejar, insister en, sugerir, mandar, prohibir, pedir In English • You can use the infinitive or the subjunctive after verbs that are used to influence the actions of others. • His parents allow him to drive. (infinitive) • They demand that we be on time. (subjunctive) In Spanish • If there is a change of subject after the verb of influence, you must use the subjunctive. • His parents allow him to drive. Sus padres dejan que él conduzca. • They demand the we be on time. Ellos exigen que nosotros estemos a tiempo. What you know • You already know how to use the subjunctive after verbs that express hope. You also use the subjunctive after verbs used to influence the actions of others by, for example, suggesting or prohibiting an action. Here’s how • Use the indicative for the verb of influence and the subjunctive for the second verb. • Verb of influence + que + different subject + subjunctive For example • Yo sugiero que tú llegues temprano • Verb of influence + que + new subject + subjunctive • The verb of influence is in the indicative because it states a fact. • The subjunctive is used for the second verb because it expresses a possibility rather than a fact and because there is a change of subject. Verbs of influence Aconsejar- to advise Dejar-to allow Mandar- to order Exigir-to demand Insistir en- to insist Prohibir- to prohibit Recomendar- to recommend Sugerir- to suggest Pedir- to request Fill in the blanks 1. La profesora ____________(aconsejar) que los estudiantes estudien para el examen. 2. Tu padre te ________(prohibir) que tú manejes . 3. La madre exige que su hijo ____________ (comportarse) bien. 4. El director manda que los estudiantes no _________(usar) los teléfonos en clase.