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Dissociative Identity Disorder By: Jonathan Orellana Definition -Two or more distinct identities are said to alternately control the person’s behavior. - ” A severe form of dissociation ( a mental process), which produces a lack of connection in a person’s thoughts, memories, feelings, action, or sense of identity.” -In my own words, a person who’s loses their identity and is a completely different person. Associated features Many things are cause by this disorder, here are a couple: Headaches –Sleep Disorders – Drug/Alcohol use – Abusiveness – Personality Difference – Moody – Mistaken Identity DSM-IV-TR Criteria A. The presence of two or more distinct identities or personality states. B. At least two of this identites or personalities states recurrently take control of person’s C. Inability to recall important personal information that is too extensive to be explained by ordinary forgetfulness D. The disturbance is not due to physiological effects of a substance or a general medical condition Etiology In the early 1800’s century while a person who was thought of as weird, many scientist couldn’t explain the cause for their depression, mood swings , or sucidial tendencies - “ A common effect of severe trauma, during childhood, usually extreme , repetitive physical, sexual, and/or emotional abuse.” Prevalence - Usually a malfunction in the brain as it evolves - .01 – 1% of the general population have DID -1/3 of the people feel like they have DID and also feel like they are in a movie of their own lives. - 7% percent of the people have gone undiagnose with DID Treatment - Many scientist have said that there is no cure for this disorder. - But, they have said to have a long-term treatment - Some of this treatment include talk therapy, psychotherapy, hypotherapy, and also adjunctive therapies (movement therapies). - If people with this disorder stick to their long-term plan. They are able to get better but, the disorder won’t go away. Prognosis - With intense treatment the patients are able to get better - Some chance to relief symptoms at the age of 40 References WebMD. (2009). Dissociative Identity Disorder (Multiple Personality Disorder) http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/dissociativeidentity-disorder-multiple-personality-disorder - Halgin, R.D, & Whitbourn, S.K (2005). Abnormal Psychology: Clinical Perspectives on Psychological Disorder. New York, NY: Mcgrawttill. Behaven Clinical Capsule. (2009). DSM-IV & DSM-IVTR Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID). www.behavenet.com/capsules/disorder/did.htm Disscusion Question -How can DID be a disorder that helps people that go through depression?