Abnormal Psychology Overview
... 48%, had experienced symptoms of psychological disorder sometime in their life,
30% within the previous year. Of those 30%, 80% had not sought treatment for their
symptoms during that year.
The NCS study also found that women had higher prevalence of anxiety disorders
(30+%) and depression (20+%) wh ...
DSM-IV-TR - CSUN.edu
... 1. There is no assumption that each category of mental disorder is a completely
discrete entity with absolute boundaries dividing it from other mental disorder
or from no mental disorder.
2. There is also no assumption that all individuals described as having the same
mental disorder are alike in al ...
What is Abnormal Psychology?
... • Once admitted, “stopped” hearing these voices
• Seven received diagnosis of Schizophrenia
• Stays ranged from 7 to 52 days, average of 19 days
An Introduction to Psychiatry
... attributed to some kind of psychological
stress, although in many cases it would be
more honest to say that their cause is not
As knowledge advances, some ‘functional’
conditions are likely to be reclassified as
‘organic’ (as currently may be happening for
schizophrenia), and for this reason t ...
... Persistent recurring
with the need to
some action, such as
washing one’s hands
Intense feelings of
terror that occur
suddenly PostTraumatic Stress
Classification of mental disorders
... Diagnostic Manuals
• Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental
Disorders, (5th Edition 2013) – DSM-5,
American Psychiatric Association
• International Statistical Classification of
Diseases, Injuries and Causes of Death (10th
version - 1993) – ICD-10, World Health
Changes to the Diagnosis of Childhood Disorders
... DSM-5 stands for the Diagnostic and
Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th
It is the most recent publication of the
classification system which has been
continuously updated over the last 60 years,
with the DSM-5 publication in May 2013.
Chapter 8 Lesson 4
... Understanding Mental Disorders
• Feeling anxious, sad or fearful is natural.
• If feelings continue for long period of time
and make people feel out of control or
unable to deal with life may signal mental
• Sometimes it has a physical cause, injury
to brain, effects of drug use, genentics ...
See More - With Mona Reda
... Axis IV: psycho-social and environmental problems
Axis V: degree of impairment that resulted from
Psychopathology and the DSM
... End of the 19th century - diversity of
classifications a major problem
1939 - WHO adds mental disorders to
International list of Causes of Death (ICD)
1948 - ICD covers abnormal behavior
1952 - American Psychiatric Association
Publishes the DSM - I
1969 - WHO publishes new classification
... helps people resolve past trauma through counseling
Classification of Psychiatric Disorders
... - Also it includes in-built hierarchy of significance
within the disorders themselves.
e.g.: Anxiety symptoms occur commonly with depressive
Mental Illness — Comprehensive Evaluation or Checklist?
... akin to using a naturalist’s field
guide, proved to be a tactical
success in that it stilled sectarian
conflict, but a strategic failure in
that it offered no way of making
sense of mental disorders — that
is, no better answer to the question “What are they?” than a multitude of examples.
Psychopathology: Biological Basis of Behavioral Disorders
... 1. Incurable: Untrue. Great many people are
2. Violent: Untrue. Modest relationship between
mentally sick and violence
3. Bizarre behavior: Untrue. Majority of mentally
sick do not show bizarre behavior.
“Connecting to the Disconnected” (Workshop
... on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). Based mainly on
the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual
of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), a major depressive
episode is defined as:
... 1 in 5 adults suffer from a diagnosable mental
disorder in a given year
45 million Americans suffer
Mental illness ranks 2nd in terms of burden of disease
in the U.S.
Depression is leading cause of lost years of healthy life
for women worldwide
Gender differences exist
CDC Presentation - International Panel Physicians Association
... Alcohol is not on the CSA list – therefore, it is
treated the same as a mental disorder:
1. Go through the 11 criteria for diagnosis (DSM5)
2. Does it meet at least two of the criteria?
3. If no – No Class
4. If yes – must look at harmful behavior
5. No harmful behavior – Class B
6. Harmful behavior ...
Classification of mental disorders
The classification of mental disorders, also known as psychiatric nosology or taxonomy, is a key aspect of psychiatry and other mental health professions and an important issue for people who may be diagnosed. There are currently two widely established systems for classifying mental disorders—Chapter V of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) produced by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) produced by the American Psychiatric Association (APA). Both list categories of disorders thought to be distinct types, and have deliberately converged their codes in recent revisions so that the manuals are often broadly comparable, although significant differences remain. Other classification schemes may be in use more locally, for example the Chinese Classification of Mental Disorders. Other manuals have some limited use by those of alternative theoretical persuasions, such as the Psychodynamic Diagnostic Manual.The widely used DSM and ICD classifications employ operational definitions. There is a significant scientific debate about the relative validity of a ""categorical"" versus a ""dimensional"" system of classification, as well as significant controversy about the role of science and values in classification schemes and the professional, legal and social uses to which they are put.