Full text - SFU`s Summit
... perspective that has been fundamental in my development as a graduate student.
Working with Dr. Hart has been a great experience.
I would like to thank the entire Douglas research lab for creating a stimulating
working and learning environment. Many thanks to Adam Blanchard who has been a
great peer ...
Harmonisation of ICD–11 and DSM–V
... how the systems were created.
Another limitation is that the analysis of ICD–10/DSM–IV
differences was based entirely on an examination of differences
in the wording of the criteria sets and thus may have either overestimated or underestimated the diagnostic significance of the
definitional differen ...
Grandiose and Vulnerable Narcissism
... have been described as being the ‘‘inhibited, shame-ridden, and hypersensitive shy type, whose low tolerance for attention from others
and hypervigilant readiness for criticism or failure makes him/her more
socially passive’’ (Ronningstam, 2009, p. 113). Most experts agree that
the Diagnostic and St ...
Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders
... is characterized by an inability to initiate and persist in goal-directed activities. The person may
sit for long periods of time and show little interest in participating in work or social activities.
Although common in Schizophrenia, negative symptoms are difficult to evaluate because they
occur o ...
Kluwer Academic Publishers
... The purpose of this handbook, originally published in 1984, was to provide a comprehensive review of current clinical descriptions, research , and theories of psychopathology.
Descriptive psychopathology is a ﬁeld that forms the foundation of clinical practice and
research in clinical psychology, ps ...
... he common feature of the Somatoform Disorders is the presence of physical symptoms that
suggest a general medical condition (hence, the term somatoform) and are not fully explained by
a general medical condition, by the direct effects of a substance, or by another mental disorder
(e.g., Panic Disord ...
Perfectionism and eating disorders - The Bardone
... assessing perfectionism. In his meta-analytic review, Stice (2002) found that the effect of perfectionism on maintenance
of eating pathology was medium in magnitude, and the effect on increases in eating pathology (in particular, bulimic
symptoms) was small, but significant. Stice suggested that per ...
A Psychiatric Diagnosis Primer
... anxious over the ending of a relationship, and coping with the death of a loved one are but a few
examples of the many psychological problems that may be presented in a single day in the lives
of most people. But there are a few rules and guidelines that are used when attempting to
identify whether ...
Generalized anxiety disorder and clinical worry episodes in young
... suggest that the percentage of subjects who do
not fulfil all criteria relevant for GAD but may
suffer from the majority of its symptoms should
be determined. In similar vein, it has been
argued that generalized anxiety even at a subclinical level may cause severe psychosocial impairment (Angst, 199 ...
The Behavioral Activation System and Mania
... stimuli, in which the goal is to move toward
something desired. To do so, BAS functions
include a broad range of affective and cognitive
processes in support of goal-directed behavior.
It is helpful to differentiate among the inputs
to, the outputs of, and the sensitivity of the BAS.
Inputs to the B ...
Prevalence, Clinical Correlates, and Longitudinal Course of Severe
... SMD with DSM-IV Axis I diagnoses in order to classify the
symptoms of SMD children in the context of standard nosology
(because SMD is not in the same nosological system as DSM-IV
Axis I diagnoses, we use the term “co-occurrence” instead of
“comorbidity” throughout this paper). Third, to examine lon ...
Copyright by Tonya Lynn Kellerman 2005
... grandiosity but that has symptoms of severe irritability and hyper-arousal. This broad
subtype may be the most heterogeneous group and is the group whose diagnoses receive
the most controversy.
Follow up studies of children with mania are at an early stage because it was not
until relatively recentl ...
the big five and adhd: an investigation of subtypes and
... Furthermore, these rates differ between males and females, with males being diagnosed at
a higher rate than females. However, the level of impairment in clinic-referred children is often
found to be comparable between boys and girls, with similar comorbidity (Gershon, 2002). The
ratio of males-to-fe ...
CBHSQ DATA REVIEW
... in their annual applications for block grant funds.
This legislation also required SAMHSA to develop a
definition for the term “adults with SMI.” SAMHSA
defined adults with SMI as individuals aged 18 or older
who currently or at any time in the past year have had
a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or ...
Full Issue - The Professional Counselor
... Consider to what extent signs and symptoms are related to another medical condition. Clients present
with signs and symptoms that may be caused by or coincident with another medical condition in a variety
of ways. Nussbaum (2013) defined possible manifestations including (a) medical conditions that ...
PSYCHOPATHOLOGY AND CREATIVITY Mad Genius Revisited
... Gore & Widiger, 2013; Nelson, Seal, Pantelis, & Phillips, 2014; Saulsman & Page, 2004;
Verdoux & Van Os, 2002). For example, people may have weak inclination towards
depression and experience no depressive symptoms, may experience mild symptoms of
depression, or may suffer severe symptoms of depress ...
The Relationship Between ADHD and Trait Facets of the Five
... psychosocial dysfunction. For example, increased rates of depression, dysthymia,
anxiety, substance abuse and dependence were found in adult ADHD populations
(Barkley & Murphy, 2007; Michielsen, Comijs, Semeijn, Beekman, Deeg, & Kooi, 2012;
Garcia et al., 2012). In addition, compared with those not ...
Bipolar_Child_2009 - Research Repository UCD
... Birmaher and Axelson  reviewed 7 prospective studies of paediatric bipolar disorder
and 10 retrospective studies which documented the childhood adjustment of adult bipolar
cases. They drew the following conclusions about the course of bipolar disorder in
children and adolescents. In preadolescen ...
Educator TOOLKIT NEDA
... ment that attempts to change a patient’s feelings and behaviors
by changing the way the patient thinks about or perceives his/her
significant life experiences. Subtypes include cognitive analytic
therapy and cognitive orientation therapy.
Cognitive Analytic Therapy (CAT) A type of cognitive therapy ...
A New Model of Dissociative Identity Disorder
... DSM-IV does not mention that patients who have DID typically have subjective awareness of other personalities.
Identity confusion is often reported in persons who have DID [3,8–
10,14,17,32–35]. Identity confusion is one of the ﬁve diagnostic symptoms
of dissociation that the SCID ...
Major Theories of Personality Disorder
... measuring salient clinical syndromes of the day such as depression, hypochondrias, schizophrenia, and others. The fact that the MMPI was called a
personality test is itself a manifestation of the intertwining of concepts of
clinical syndromes and personality/personality pathology. Interestingly,
International Adaptations of the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory
... Association, 1980). He played a pioneering role by introducing the idea to place personality disorders (PDs) on a separate
axis so that sufficient clinical attention would be given to personality pathology. He developed the MCMI–I to be consonant with DSM–III nosology and grouped its scales into
Knowledge of and attitudes towards eating disorders of
... bone density, constantly feeling cold, lanugo, amenorrhea and fertility issues, low blood
pressure, cardiovascular issues, muscle weakness, and a decrease in gut motility and kidney
function 7. Psychological and behavioral factors include lethargy, irritability, social withdrawal,
inability to conce ...
The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders
... and the special committee on classification, assembled comments of numerous
psychiatrists in its member associations and gave most valuable advice
during both the field trials and the finalization of the proposals. Other
nongovernmental organizations in official and working relations with WHO,
Personality disorders are a class of mental disorders characterized by enduring maladaptive patterns of behavior, cognition, and inner experience, exhibited across many contexts and deviating markedly from those accepted by the individual's culture. These patterns develop early, are inflexible, and are associated with significant distress or disability. The definitions may vary somewhat, according to source.Official criteria for diagnosing personality disorders are listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, published by the American Psychiatric Association, and in the mental and behavioral disorders section of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, published by the World Health Organization. The DSM-5 published in 2013 now lists personality disorders in exactly the same way as other mental disorders, rather than on a separate 'axis' as previously.Personality, defined psychologically, is the set of enduring behavioral and mental traits that distinguish human beings. Hence, personality disorders are defined by experiences and behaviors that differ from societal norms and expectations. Those diagnosed with a personality disorder may experience difficulties in cognition, emotiveness, interpersonal functioning, or impulse control. In general, personality disorders are diagnosed in 40–60 percent of psychiatric patients, making them the most frequent of all psychiatric diagnoses.Personality disorders are characterized by an enduring collection of behavioral patterns often associated with considerable personal, social, and occupational disruption. What's more, personality disorders are inflexible and pervasive across many situations, due in large part to the fact that such behavior may be ego-syntonic (i.e. the patterns are consistent with the ego integrity of the individual) and are, therefore, perceived to be appropriate by that individual. This behavior can result in maladaptive coping skills, which may lead to personal problems that induce extreme anxiety, distress, or depression. These patterns of behavior typically are recognized in adolescence and the beginning of adulthood and, in some unusual instances, childhood.Many issues occur with classifying a personality disorder. There are many categories of definition, some mild and some extreme. Because the theory and diagnosis of personality disorders occur within prevailing cultural expectations, their validity is contested by some experts on the basis of invariable subjectivity. They argue that the theory and diagnosis of personality disorders are based strictly on social, or even sociopolitical and economic considerations.