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Beginning to Understand Ethics In two or three brief, clear sentences answer the following questions. 1. Ethics is a part of philosophy. What is the basic question of ethics? Answer: Ethics is the Moral principles that govern a person's behaviour. The basic question of ethics is the questions that one would ask themselves “what shall I do” It is similar to moral philosophy, “what ought I (morally) to do?” What is my duty to do?” 2. Describe ethics as emotivism. Answer: Emotivism, in metaethics is the view that moral judgments do not function as statements of fact but rather as expressions of the speaker’s or writer’s feelings. 3. Describe ethics as cultural relativism. Answer: Cultural relativism is the descriptive view that different groups of people have different moral standards for evaluating acts as right or wrong, hence, it is an ethical doctrine, sociological or observational conclusion. 4. Describe ethics as subjectivism. Answer: Ethical subjectivism is incompatible with moral absolutism, in that the individual or society to whose attitudes moral propositions refer can hold some moral principle to apply regardless of circumstances. 5. If ethics is not a matter of feeling or opinion, what do you believe is the real foundation or root of ethics? Answer: The real foundation of ethics is to distinguish between right and wrong. The common way of defining ethics is to distinguish between acceptable and an unacceptable behavior. Ethics is values that people learn at home, at school, in church, or in other social settings. Kemara, do not copy from the internet or any other source without giving credit. This is a form of stealing called plagiarism. This last question is asking you how you make moral decisions. How do you decide what is right and wrong.