The Teaching of Happiness in Mainland China: in Light of Aristotle
... interpretations and principles of happiness, the Marxist view of happiness, are taught
as irrefutable truth to students. Questioning such truths is not encouraged or even
allowed by the Chinese government. As a result, these fundamental questions
regarding happiness have not been fully discussed, or ...
Moral Imagination and Adorno: Before and After Auschwitz
... deliberate about morality: when you view moral harm and help in terms of accounting,
you think that there is a finite amount of it, just as there’s a finite amount of other
resources, and you become unlikely to help others so that you don’t deplete your ‘moral
reserves.’ Thinking of morality in term ...
WHAT WE CHOOSE: ETHICS FOR UNITARIAN UNIVERSALISTS A
... make and the actions we do or do not take can reflect our most deeply held values.
Development, clarification, refinement, and expansion of our ethical thinking often occur
in the midst of crisis or in response to an event or relationship that calls our world view
into question. However, this progra ...
two-column Word document - Unitarian Universalist Association
... make and the actions we do or do not take can reflect
our most deeply held values.
Development, clarification, refinement, and expansion of
our ethical thinking often occur in the midst of crisis or in
response to an event or relationship that calls our world
view into question. However, this progra ...
Beyond Evaluation Standards?
... similar ethical principles (MacIntyre, 1987; Norman, 1991). This means that moral
theories must be identified, and must be validated as to how they can offer different
justifications for a common set of moral principles (for instance, honesty, beneficence, trust, justice, and so forth). In all, ther ...
Outline of Virtue Ethics encyclopedia article
... but they argued that a focus on moral connection rather than separateness/autonomy can
work as a much-needed corrective or supplement to traditional rationalist ethical
theorizing and may even support a total reconfiguring of previous philosophical thinking
about morality (e. g., support thinking of ...
Unit 1: Introduction to Ethics
... The branch of philosophical study that focuses on ‘ethics’ is concerned with studying
and/or building up a coherent set of ‘rules’ or principles by which people ought to
live. The theoretical study of ethics is not normally something that many people
would regard as being necessary in order for them ...
HittIV - Michigan State University
... unhappiness to the party whose interest is considered”’14, p. 34
This definition should be expanded to include “that property in’ any object or action
9. An action is right from an ethical point of view if and only if the sum total of utilities produced
by that act is greater than the stun total of ...
Kant`s Puzzling Ethics of Maxims
... prudence, and immediate inclination. This has very important consequences. For
instance, fiddling about with the formulation of maxims turns out to be merely verbal. We simply cannot make our maxims fit the categorical imperative in this way.
We act on the maxim that incorporates an objective sugge ...
Don`t Let it Happen Again: A Kantian Account of
... about his moral theory, provide us with the information necessary to construct a Kantian account
of forgiveness. In this paper I sketch such an account and argue that it is distinguished by three
features. First, Kantian forgiveness is best understood as the revision of the actions one takes
The Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Truth about Morality
... it? Presumably not. If, somehow, the whole community were to decide that
torturing cats is okay, this activity would, by the lights of most people, still be
wrong. In answering these questions in the negative, one expresses an implicit
theory concerning the metaphysics of morals. Moral claims, some ...
final final final
... and by no means universally applicable rules. Probably with the exception of Rosalind Hursthouse,22
philosophers admit that virtue ethics is, in principle, not codifiable. Moreover, it is even named sometimes
“situational ethics”. But this expression has no pejorative connotation. It only suggests t ...
Ethical Absolutism and Relativism
... “It’s Good Business” (Cont.)
• Behaving ethical can be more costly in the
• Example: adding safety equipment not
required by law
• Bears higher cost to do what the firm
believes is right
Frankena, Chapter 4
... wills are fettered, that nothing is
real in in their power to alter.
Fate determines all. No man’s destiny
is in any degree up to him.
Everything he ever does is something
he could never have avoided..it is idle
to speak of free will.
PEP 570: Frankena, Chapter 4
Michael Josephson on Ethical Decision Making
... Making consistently ethical decisions is difficult. Most decisions have to be made in the context
of economic, professional and social pressures which can sometimes challenge our ethical goals
and conceal or confuse the moral issues.
In addition, making ethical choices is complex because in many sit ...
... blame must, of course, be mediated by a more specific theory of moral
character and the appropriateness of blame, which I shall not offer here.
Furthermore, I do not want to state the connection between these concepts
too strongly. It is likely that any connection between virtuous decisionmaking,
Engineering Ethics: An Introduction
... Professional Ethics
On the other hand, suppose civil engineer Jack
refuses to participate in the design of a project that
he believes will be contrary to the principles of
sustainable development, which are set out in the
code of the American Society of Civil Engineers.
He may not personally believ ...
Normativity and Epistemic Intuitions
... a surprise birthday party,” even though it
turns out to have been false.
The authors anticipated this criticism by
including a question that would expose a
tendency to favor this sense of the term. (p.
An Internalist Dilemma - University of Colorado Boulder
... One of the main arguments for internalism is that it is able to explain our linguistic
intuitions as regards the connection between moral language and motivation. In fact,
virtually all authors who are attracted by internalism appeal explicitly or implicitly to this
consideration and it might be re ...
BENNETT v. HALLIE
... – Hallie provides an excerpt from the
Nuremberg trial transcript of Otto
Ohlendorf, who had participated in
the extermination of Jews and Soviet
political leaders, to show that
Ohlendorf was a moral monster.
– Ohlendorf claims that he had
“scruples” about carrying out his
orders to kill people but ...
... that is the criterion of right action. For this reason, we should organise
society and raise children in such a way that each person feels that their
own happiness is bound up with the happiness of others, that they are made
happy by making others happy.
4. Utilitarianism is a godless theory.
Ethical Dimensions in Responsible Professionalism
... ethics is characteristic of professional judgment rather than personal judgment because it emphasizes
an individual’s duty or obligation to comply with the norms and standards of the profession.
An individual’s ethics application perspective is either holistic (a characteristic of professional
IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (IOSR-JHSS)
... Attempt was also made by Smith(1971) to add precision to the concept of value. He adopted a
definition first presented by Kluckhohn which is read as follows:
“Values are conceptions of the desirable notions that are relevant to selective behavior.” In
distinguishing value from similar concepts but n ...
Chapter 4 The Moral Conscience
... b) Since conscience is the instrument with which one must judge his actions, such
judgment should always be made with true or correct conscience.
i) This requires knowledge of the general principles of morality and their
application, by conscience to concrete acts.
ii) Conduct that is modeled on rig ...
Moral development focuses on the emergence, change, and understanding of morality from infancy through adulthood. In the field of moral development, morality is defined as principles for how individuals ought to treat one another, with respect to justice, others’ welfare, and rights. In order to investigate how individuals understand morality, it is essential to measure their beliefs, emotions, attitudes, and behaviors that contribute to moral understanding. The field of moral development studies the role of peers and parents in facilitating moral development, the role of conscience and values, socialization and cultural influences, empathy and altruism, and positive development. The interest in morality spans many disciplines (e.g., philosophy, economics, biology, and political science) and specializations within psychology (e.g., social, cognitive, and cultural). Moral developmental psychology research focuses on questions of origins and change in morality across the lifespan.