... Public and human relations: These must necessarly included in Neoism?!. This statement may
shock some readers, but we shall show that these activities are Neoism?! because they seek to
subvert the individual within a society, a living standard, an activity. They serve to make him
revolt, which is th ...
- Enlighten: Theses
... In Beyond and Good and Evil Nietzsche argues that claims to truth depend on their expression
in language. Truth-claims merely express a point of view and no point of view can be
comprehended as the absolute truth. There are only different perspectives. We interpret
experience from a particular persp ...
Herder and Nationalism
... call for a nationally bounded state is nothing if not a political claim. Since
Herder’s time, it has fuelled demands for the break-up of empires along
national lines, provoked scepticism about the viability and desirability of
multinational forms of political community, and supported claims that the ...
The Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Truth about Morality
... torturing cats is okay, this activity would, by the lights of most people, still be
wrong. In answering these questions in the negative, one expresses an implicit
theory concerning the metaphysics of morals. Moral claims, some of them
anyway, are not merely subjective, dependent for their validity o ...
Rousseau and the Ancients Rousseau et les Anciens
... political life. For Rousseau, this tension could only be eluded by ill-conceived attempts to separate moral psychology from political philosophy.
Although this strict dichotomy has currently won the favor of many political theorists, it must not be allowed to contaminate our reading of Rousseau,
ABSTRACT Title of Dissertation: RWANDA AND THE
... Without Judith Lichtenberg I may never have ended up at the University of
Maryland. It was a discussion with her that influenced my decision to turn down a
funded position to attend Maryland as an unfunded student. She has always been kind
and supportive, even when expressing her concerns about my w ...
Moral Beauty as An Overriding Imperative in
... contexts like societies or institutions (virtues such as justice and benevolence). An
individual might want to pursue a career that can actualize their potential but doing so
might jeopardize both the roles they are expected to enact in society and the lives of
people dependent on the proper executi ...
... Suppose that it is important, from a moral perspective, to punish those guilty
of murder. Given trustworthy testimony from a wide array of witnesses,
along with the physical evidence of the case, it is perfectly morally
appropriate to decide to punish Dave. But if one learns at a later date that
The Teaching of Happiness in Mainland China: in Light of Aristotle
... cultivation of voluntary virtue or habituation of virtuous actions? And 3) what is the
relation between happiness and achievement and/or sacrifice of self-interest? Based
on both Aristotle’s and Marx’s views on these questions, the author argues that a
comprehensive rather than a “correct” understan ...
Enhancing Moral Conformity and Enhancing Moral Worth
... it would sometimes be permissible for individuals to
directly influence their emotions—for example, through
the use of neurally active drugs—in ways that can be
expected to leave them with morally better motives or
conduct .7 But Harris objects to interventions that are
“targeted on the emotions” ...
THEORETICAL TRADITIONS IN THE SOCIAL SCIENCES
... standards to a degree simply unimaginable in previous days.
Moreover, if previous barriers to commerce and exchange, both
within given countries and in international trade, were removed so
that goods could be produced in the economically most favoured
locations, the new national and international di ...
Why Emotivists Love Inconsistency
... Opinions to the effect that performing an act (of oneself or
someone else) is morally wrong are moral optations for the act
not to be performed. (This covers opinions to the effect that an
act must not be performed, or that it is agent’s moral duty not
to perform it.)
Opinions to the effect that not ...
Understanding History: The Decisions of Nikolai Berdyaev
... which he wrote his 1901 dissertation at St. Petersburg University. As we will
see, of the two paths outlined above, Berdyaev decided on the “individualist.”
The title of his article for the anthology was “Eticheskaia problema v svete
ﬁlosofskogo idealizma” [Ethical Issue in Light of Philosophical Id ...
The Politics of Spinozism
... formative role within German Idealism, or in the philosophical radicalism catalysed by May 1968,
Spinoza has been repeatedly invoked as a point of reference and inspiration at moments when the very
meaning of philosophy and its link to the contemporary world was at stake. My initial question will th ...
IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (IOSR-JHSS)
... Attempt was also made by Smith(1971) to add precision to the concept of value. He adopted a
definition first presented by Kluckhohn which is read as follows:
“Values are conceptions of the desirable notions that are relevant to selective behavior.” In
distinguishing value from similar concepts but n ...
Feminist Ethics and Social and Political Philosophy: Theorizing the
... between morality and politics in a volume that combines the subfields of ethics and
social and political philosophy. What the relationship is (or should be) between feminist ethics and feminist social and political philosophy is an interesting question,
and I hope that the chapters that take up this ...
Moral Rationalism and Rational Amoralism
... moved by what they believe is most reasonable to do, the lack of motivation would appear to count as a species of irrationality. But that is
not always how the cases strike us. Huck Finn’s refusal to turn in his
friend Jim was not a failure of rationality. It is partly on the basis of such
Outline of Virtue Ethics encyclopedia article
... seen as unable to accommodate emerging notions of human rights, but it also came to be
recognized that virtues like truthfulness, loyalty, and fidelity to promises cannot be seen
as involving a mean between extremes, and since modern-day ethicists want to insist on
the importance of those virtues, t ...
Justice: What`s the right thing to do?
... deserve. And in order to determine who deserves what, we have to determine what virtues are worthy
of honor and reward. Aristotle maintains that we can’t figure out what a just constitution is without first
reflecting on the most desirable way of life. For him, law can’t be neutral on questions of t ...
Perspectives on Applied Ethics
... archaic period also seem to be problematic. Was archaic society really
as static and role-centred as he supposes? The description may fit some
small Greek city-state, e.g. Pylos or Mykenae, in the so called Homeric
age, but we cannot take it as a characteristic of the whole period. 4 It is
in fact e ...
Individualism and Freedom
... between dynamic and static efficiency: intellectual property encourages innovation,
but at the cost of restraint on static dissemination of the product. Beebe’s argument is
that the cultural manifestation of such restrictions is the opportunity for increased
social distinction and levels of hierarch ...
beyond exclusive humanism
... about the substance of his beliefs is humanistic in a manner reminiscent of J.S. Mill:
the fact that we have ‘no good philosophical reasons’ to ground humanist values
should not deter us from doing so, he says, this is because although the values we
hold may be arbitrary since they are no more arbit ...
Individualism is the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology, or social outlook that emphasizes the moral worth of the individual. Individualists promote the exercise of one's goals and desires and so value independence and self-reliance and advocate that interests of the individual should achieve precedence over the state or a social group, while opposing external interference upon one's own interests by society or institutions such as the government. Individualism is often contrasted with totalitarianism or collectivism.Individualism makes the individual its focus and so starts ""with the fundamental premise that the human individual is of primary importance in the struggle for liberation."" Liberalism, existentialism, and anarchism are examples of movements that take the human individual as a central unit of analysis. Individualism thus involves ""the right of the individual to freedom and self-realization"".It has also been used as a term denoting ""The quality of being an individual; individuality"" related to possessing ""An individual characteristic; a quirk."" Individualism is thus also associated with artistic and bohemian interests and lifestyles where there is a tendency towards self-creation and experimentation as opposed to tradition or popular mass opinions and behaviors as so also with humanist philosophical positions and ethics.