Moral Beauty as An Overriding Imperative in
... conceptualization of Moral Righteousness as an espousal of both individual goodness
and societal goodness debunks this tension.
In chapter two, I start by arguing against Situationism before I propose a new way of
defining Situationism based on Confucian texts. I then proceed to explicate
... war, which, besides the numberless ills inseparable from it, exposed liberty to
much greater perils than it could have incurred under the now limited authority
of the king. But as these points could not be supposed so clear during the time
as they are, or may be, at present; there are great reasons ...
The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory
... make such decisions in a reﬂective and responsible way.
Of course, some decisions have little moral import, but moral considerations
have a bearing on a great many of our decisions. A person’s decision-making can
also be shaped, however, by considerations of self-interest, law, etiquette, custom,
Enhancing Moral Conformity and Enhancing Moral Worth
... poverty. It is also increasingly recognised that many of
history’s greatest atrocities—ranging from the First
World War to the Final Solution to the Cultural Revolution—were made possible by the ordinary moral failures of ordinary people [1–3].
It is plausible that we have reasons to correct our
An Internalist Dilemma - University of Colorado Boulder
... conceptually necessary that for each of the countless actions she thinks she has a reason to
perform, she is motivated to do that particular action however weak she thinks that reason
is. According to (2), it is conceptually necessary that the person above is motivated to ψ as
well in so far as she ...
two-column Word document - Unitarian Universalist Association
... We are regularly faced with moral choices, big and small. How should we respond to a tricky family or relationship
situation? What is the right thing to do when faced with a dilemma at work? What is the most ethical course for a
community, state, or nation to follow, and how much am I prepared to in ...
can a consequentialist be a real friend? (who cares?)
... naturally attracted the attention of thinkers. Philosophers have pondered for
millennia what friendship is and whether it really is something good. The first
known philosopher within the Western tradition discussing the issue in detail
was Aristotle, particularly in books VIII and IX of his Nicomach ...
Universally Preferable Behaviour
... Extraordinary claims require extraordinary proof. In taking on this mammoth task – particularly in such
a short book – I have set myself some basic ground rules, which are worth going over here. (Most of
these will be discussed in more detail throughout the course of this book.)
1. I fully accept th ...
On Three Defenses of Sentimentalism
... 8, para. 7). Thus, Hume claims the existence of “the common principles of
human nature” (T 126.96.36.199; cf. EPM 9.64).
According to Hume, our moral sentiments rest on this unchangeable
human nature. He says, “the sentiments of morality…are so rooted in our
constitution and temper, that without entirely ...
Kant`s Puzzling Ethics of Maxims
... instance, fiddling about with the formulation of maxims turns out to be merely verbal. We simply cannot make our maxims fit the categorical imperative in this way.
We act on the maxim that incorporates an objective suggested by an incentive, not
on the maxim on which we fancy ourselves to be acting2 ...
Moral Health, Moral Prosperity and Universalization in Kant`s Ethics
... that it indicates it has this problematic feature and not some other, since it is
this characteristic in virtue of which it is wrong.
Having arrived at this account of the distinction between perfect and
imperfect duties by considering the division of these duties in The Metaphysics of Morals, we ca ...
1 Are Empathy and Morality Linked? Insights from Moral Psychology
... results have shown that empathic responses can reduce the frequency of utilitarian judgments,
such as when one decides to refrain from sacrificing the life of an innocent person with whom
one strongly empathizes in order to save a larger number of innocent people (Crockett et al.,
2010; Gleichgerrc ...
Is There Moral High Ground?
... we must relativize truth. The only other option is to accept both
ours and the Taliban’s claims and conclude that there are true
moral contradictions: it is both true and not true that it is good
to educate women. Pace dialethism, we should assume that true
moral contradictions are untenable. We may ...
Moral Rationalism and Rational Amoralism
... remain unmoved by what they believe right. If this means they are not
moved by what they believe is most reasonable to do, the lack of motivation would appear to count as a species of irrationality. But that is
not always how the cases strike us. Huck Finn’s refusal to turn in his
friend Jim was not ...
Thesis edit2 - University of Tilburg
... this point, the moral domains come into picture. Just like any other domain, for example in
mathematics, a moral domain is a sphere including values from a certain order and excluding all
other values (Prinz, 2008). These domains may have various definitions, but there are four domains
which appear ...
Don`t Let it Happen Again: A Kantian Account of
... offender. Specifically, as Kant puts it, forgiveness consists of the remission of compensation for
a wrongdoing. But how are we to understand Kant’s ideas of compensation and remission?
It is crucial to remember that, in the discussion of interpersonal wrongdoing and
forgiveness, we are concerned o ...
Ethical Egoism - stevewatson.info
... It’s the default guide to behaviour – altruists should be
made to defend their position
Putting others’ interests first is degrading to one’s own
dignity. Altruism is a Slave Morality (Nietzsche)
Things turn out better if people are made responsible for
what they know best – themselves; not what the ...
MacIntyre`s Moral Theory and the Possibility of an Aretaic Ethics of
... We want to be courageous, for example, because this is part of the fabric
of a good life, and not merely because courage will buy us some good.
Even though the virtues are eminently useful for achieving the good, one
must, paradoxically, deem the virtues intrinsically valuable in order to
possess th ...
What Normative Terms Mean and Why It Matters for Ethical Theory.
... these speci c linguistic and ethical issues can be seen as case studies illustrating the
fruitfulness of utilizing resources from philosophy of language and linguistics in
ethical theorizing. Of course, one could acknowledge a role for linguistic inquiry in
ethics but reject my speci c claims about ...
A Plea for Moral Deference
... every ordinary person. We can regiment this landscape by saying that there are no
moral ‘experts’ (in it). All the same, it simply does not follow that there is nobody to
whom one might defer about what morality requires one to do.
To generate that further conclusion, even for a given point in time, ...
Colonialism and Postcolonialism - General Guide To Personal and
... From the perspective of writers such as Edward Said, the production and control of knowledge itself
constitutes an exercise of power (Said 1978), meaning that an analysis of the domination
characteristic of colonialism must seek to take account of the cultural meanings which attach
themselves to our ...
Beyond Evaluation Standards?
... on the basis of an exception permit against ethical standards? Is his/her most important ethical choice then to be obedience? Morally correct action does not become certified on the basis of an order or a norm, because even one counter-example is enough
to say that dependency between a morally corre ...
Reasons and Moral Principles
... So the particularist opposition to principles concerns primarily the structure
of morality rather than its substantive first-order content or its metanormative
foundations. What particularists resist more precisely is assigning either “contributory” or “overall” principles a fundamental role in mora ...
Ethics, or moral philosophy, is the branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct. The term ethics derives from the Ancient Greek word ἠθικός ethikos, which is derived from the word ἦθος ethos (habit, “custom”). The branch of philosophy axiology comprises the sub-branches of Ethics and aesthetics, each concerned with concepts of value.As a branch of philosophy, ethics investigates the questions “What is the best way for people to live?” and “What actions are right or wrong in particular circumstances?” In practice, ethics seeks to resolve questions of human morality, by defining concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong, virtue and vice, justice and crime. As a field of intellectual enquiry, moral philosophy also is related to the fields of moral psychology, descriptive ethics, and value theory.The three major areas of study within ethics are: Meta-ethics, concerning the theoretical meaning and reference of moral propositions, and how their truth values (if any) can be determined Normative ethics, concerning the practical means of determining a moral course of action Applied ethics, concerning what a person is obligated (or permitted) to do in a specific situation or a particular domain of action↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 ↑