Moral Imagination and Adorno: Before and After Auschwitz
... where it can have a real impact: an education post-Holocaust that addresses the
conditions that led to it and attempt to counteract them. I have for a long time, like many,
been fascinated by the Holocaust. It is an event that captivates many as it seems to defy
comprehensibility. How could so many ...
Implicit Bias and Moral Responsibility: Probing the Data.
... and implicit attitudes of such agents, and there will be circumstances in which their behavior will
vary from what it would have been had there been no such gap. If that’s right, then indirect
responsibility can’t do all the work we want, even under ideal circumstances, and the question
concerning o ...
Kant`s Puzzling Ethics of Maxims
... broad first type; nor is it very likely that it should be a maxim of the second type,
which is still too close to "the deed."5 'Maxim' cannot here be "the principle on/in
accordance with which the subject acts" (IV:420). If there is to be a "huge gap,"
the maxim is most likely to be a characteristic ...
Foul Behavior - Victor Kumar
... Disgust is a visceral, unpleasant emotion that evolved to protect human beings from the
threat of disease and infection. However, disgust has since infiltrated moral thought.
From the perspective of its abundant critics, the humble origins of moral disgust betray
the emotion as primitive and ill-sui ...
Differentiating diversities: Moral diversity is not like other kinds
... constraints, within which people can set and pursue goals. When the normative order breaks
down and there is no moral consensus, the resulting state is known as anomie, or normlessness. It
is a state in which suicide rates rise and the sense of meaning or purpose in life becomes harder
to find. From ...
The roots of behaviour in war:Understanding and preventing IHL
... members of his own group qualities of which the members of other groups are
deprived. The group, by definition, generates prejudices, simplifications and
discrimination. It has to be emphasized that when another group is declared
to be an enemy, these tendencies become all the more acute. Thus, it i ...
... blame must, of course, be mediated by a more specific theory of moral
character and the appropriateness of blame, which I shall not offer here.
Furthermore, I do not want to state the connection between these concepts
too strongly. It is likely that any connection between virtuous decisionmaking,
The Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Truth about Morality
... it? Presumably not. If, somehow, the whole community were to decide that
torturing cats is okay, this activity would, by the lights of most people, still be
wrong. In answering these questions in the negative, one expresses an implicit
theory concerning the metaphysics of morals. Moral claims, some ...
At this juncture when I present my doctoral thesis, I look back over the past three years
(2004-2007) that I've spent in Freiburg for producing this thesis. I am greatly indebted to AlbertLudwigs-Universität Freiburg, and Institute für Erzieungswissenshaft for its pleasant, comforta ...
CTE AN UNDERSTANDING OF COMMON MORALITY
... justifying those intuitions by relating them with concrete evidence drawn from actual life.
Indeed, a few contemporary moral philosophers, particularly Bernard Gert and Tom
Beauchamp, are torchbearers in this path. Gert, in many of his papers and books, has
been active in formulating a distinct mora ...
Chapter 4 The Moral Conscience
... c) This capacity is reflected in three ways:
i) Sense experience
(1) A person is conscious of his own sensations of pleasure, pain, cold, heat,
(2) Self-reflection is exclusive and proper to the human being.
ii) Rational Discernment
(1) One’s capacity to reflect and inform his conscience exists ...
The Moral Point of View in Hume, Kant and Mill Margaret Marie
... distance and time can make to our non-moral reactions. From the general point of view,
it does not matter how close to or far from someone we are. We adopt a point of view
where we ignore the features particular to us, in our particular circumstances.
In general, all sentiments of blame or praise ar ...
An Internalist Dilemma - University of Colorado Boulder
... One of the main arguments for internalism is that it is able to explain our linguistic
intuitions as regards the connection between moral language and motivation. In fact,
virtually all authors who are attracted by internalism appeal explicitly or implicitly to this
consideration and it might be re ...
Rawls`s Neglected Childhood: Reflections on the Original Position
... But there is another way of thinking about the relationship between the problem of justice for
children and the problem of justice for future generations which draws our attention to what the two
problems have in common. The problem of justice between generations and the problem of the moral status
... In the most general terms, causal agents of all sorts are responsible for their effects. Cold
fronts are responsible for bad weather, and an earthquake can be responsible for a rooster
crowing. An alarm clock can be responsible for one’s waking up just as a rooster can be
and so can the staff at the ...
Aristotle on Animals, Agency, and Voluntariness
... (or vicious ones blamed). Since we also tend to think that candidates for
praise and blame are morally responsible for what they do, there is some
reason to think that Aristotle's account of the voluntary is meant to
serve as his theory of moral responsibility, without which the Ethics
would be inco ...
A Justification of the Evolutionary Debunking Argument
... selection; how all organisms came about by a slow, natural process of evolution. This theory
was extended to humans in his later book The Descent of Man, published in 1871. This
second book detailed how the species Homo Sapiens evolved to this day and, importantly for
the field of metaethics, how ou ...
lewiscatron - Michigan State University
... Moral Sensitivity and Imagination. Serious conflicts and dilemmas are endemic to
ethics problems; one function of the moral imagination is to generate creative resolutions
of these impasses. By redefining dilemmas as part of the process of mediating and
reconciling disputes, administrators can infl ...
Objective and Subjective Ends in Kant`s Realm of Ends
... Objective and Subjective Ends in Kant’s Realm of Ends
In the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant assesses his idea of a moral world as
a ‘realm of ends’ (‘Reich der Zwecke’) defining it as ‘a whole of all ends in systematic
connection (a whole both of rational beings as ends in themselves ...
Moral Health, Moral Prosperity and Universalization in Kant`s Ethics
... include a basic and robust concern with what we might think of as their natural autonomy. We do not realize our rational nature if all we do is act in conformity with the requirements of reason on the basis of self-love (because we
desire the approval of others, seek some other end, etc.). We do so ...
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Introduction Moral education has
... While most social theorists (Burbules and Torres 2000:5) agree that we
are living in an age of rapid scientific and technological change, they also
do not deny that such changes have varying impacts on different social
groups within the same society and across different societies. The existing
Lawrence Kohlberg (/ˈkoʊlbərɡ/; October 25, 1927 – January 19, 1987) was an American psychologist best known for his theory of stages of moral development. He served as a professor in the Psychology Department at the University of Chicago and at the Graduate School of Education at Harvard University. Even though it was considered unusual in his era, he decided to study the topic of moral judgment, extending Jean Piaget's account of children's moral development from twenty-five years earlier. In fact, it took Kohlberg five years before he was able to publish an article based on his views. Kohlberg's work reflected and extended not only Piaget's findings but also the theories of philosophers George Herbert Mead and James Mark Baldwin. At the same time he was creating a new field within psychology: ""moral development"". Scholars such as Elliot Turiel and James Rest have responded to Kohlberg's work with their own significant contributions. In an empirical study by Haggbloom et al. using six criteria, such as citations and recognition, Kohlberg was found to be the 30th most eminent psychologist of the 20th century.