Beyond Evaluation Standards?
... At the outset it is important to distinguish between ethics and morals. In common
speech they are often used interchangeably, but in philosophy they have different
connotations. The study of ethics is the study of theories of right and wrong conduct,
while the study of morals focus on practice. Thro ...
Personal Ethics and Fraudster Motivation: The Missing Link in Fraud
... The survey investigates the impact of personal ethics in fraudster’s motivation to
commit fraud from the investigator’s perspective. Their responses were summarized below:
The question asked the respondents about their perception of fraudulent act revealed
that 86% of the respondent perceived fraudu ...
Frankena, Chapter 4
When we praise any actions, we regard only
the motives that produce them. The
external performance has no merit..all
virtuous actions derive their true merit only
from virtuous motives.
In other words, what is important is
judgments about agents and their motives o
Ethical Dimensions in Responsible Professionalism
... Hunter (1991) identified two competing moral visions (orthodox and progressive) that relate to the two
ethical systems (deontological and teleological) discussed. The orthodox view is a moral reasoning
perspective that defines moral authority in terms of an external transcendent force; while the
“I believe this will become the standard in the field of biblical ethics
... ethical choices that conform to certain patterns or models.2 This is
so because, whether consciously or not, everyone with the ability
to make moral judgments has a system of ethics out of which he or
she operates. On account of this truth, as well as the inevitability of
moral encounters, it is imp ...
Ethical Leadership and Angelina Jolie
Pragma-dialectics fallacies of relevance - UvA-DARE
... are correct, or that their opinions are doubtful. In this communicative process we mainly use
words. We argue in principle because we believe that it is possible to resolve a difference of
opinion by putting forward arguments. Sometimes we actually convince our audience,
sometimes they convince us. ...
Click to edit Master title style
... 1. Understand why business conduct is judged according to
the ethical standards of society at large rather than a
special set of ethical standards for businesses only.
2. Understand the principal drivers of unethical strategies
and business behavior.
3. Learn why unethical business conduct can be ve ...
Ethical Absolutism and Relativism
... “It’s Good Business” (Cont.)
• Behaving ethical can be more costly in the
• Example: adding safety equipment not
required by law
• Bears higher cost to do what the firm
believes is right
The Teaching of Happiness in Mainland China: in Light of Aristotle
... interpretations and principles of happiness, the Marxist view of happiness, are taught
as irrefutable truth to students. Questioning such truths is not encouraged or even
allowed by the Chinese government. As a result, these fundamental questions
regarding happiness have not been fully discussed, or ...
... others through the sequence of stages.
Although the particular stage of moral
reasoning is not the only factor affecting
people’s moral conduct, the way they reason
does influence how they actually behave in a
Experience that provide opportunities for role
taking foster progress ...
LaNdscaPe ethIcs a moral commitment to responsible regional
... our eyes to the senselessness of certain habits that were common in the
past, as well as, for example, today’s urge for total control over nature,
which only distinguishes between use and abuse very rarely.
Nevertheless, many of the thinkers, scientists and activists who take
part in today’s debate ...
Ethical Encounter - sikkim university library
... I do not find any of these options promising. That is partly because of
what they all presuppose as defining the possibilities available to us.
‘Brutal’ and ‘coarse’ must either register an objective property of some
object in the world or express something merely in the psychology of
the users of t ...
When Soldiers Aren`t Heroes: An Essay
... Utilitarianism, in all its forms, likewise, takes it as an essential component of moral life that persons determine for themselves, what they must
do as moral agents in any given situation. Mill famously asserted that we
are all free to do whatever we want to do so long as it does not harm
Debate on Liability Ethics in China Financial Market
... Deficiency of liability ethics in the financial market requires to be made up for as soon as possible, then
how to construct the liability ethics of the financial market? The Author holds that it is advisable to start
from the following points:
3.1 Construction of liability ethics of the financial m ...
... function of a human is to thrive and
flourish in well being, then a morally
good human would be one that is
fulfilled. (Aristotle’s Moral Theory).
Consented self-termination can not
produce any enrichment in ones life or
THE BROTHERS KARAMAZOV The Brothers Karamazov
... imagination and he had become convinced that it was the ideal way to escape from the
darkness of the wicked world, a way that would lead him toward light and love.4
Dostoevsky intentionally distances the hero of the story from fanaticism. In fact, religion is only
seen as a channel for loving people ...
Ethical Decision Making and Ethical Leadership
... the importance you (or the team or the organization)
attach to a certain ethical issue.
Are you concerned and anxious about lying or cheating.
Two people have different levels of concern. Put a
weight from 1 to 10 on the level of your concern to the
issue of cheating.
Ethics and Business
... individual company taken as a whole.
3. Individual issues─questions about a particular individual within an organization and their
behaviors and decisions. These include questions about the morality of the decisions,
actions, or character of an individual.
Some theorists maintain that moral notions ...
Leadership and ethics in decision making
... The first instinct is that survival and the leader
gives the command of what others should do. The
next step is thoughts of clearing the externalities
and then restore order
So every leader must understand that at such
times, conventional leadership tools might not
help so they resort to situational ...
09. Ethical and bioethical issues
... Bioethics – what is it
• It is a branch of knowledge like mathematics, and
thinking in this field is not wholly different from thinking in
those other fields, however it cannot be reduced to them.
• Bioethical conclusions cannot be unambiguously proved
like mathematical theorems
• Research ethics o ...
The Ethics of Relativism and Absolutism
... failings of both relativism and absolutism, theories are developed which propose no real
consolation to managers, as a middle ground between the two extremes fails to eliminate the
deficiencies of both positions.
Aristotle first used the term ""ethics"" to name a field of study developed by his predecessors Socrates and Plato. Philosophical ethics is the attempt to offer a rational response to the question of how humans should best live. Aristotle regarded ethics and politics as two related but separate fields of study, since ethics examines the good of the individual, while politics examines the good of the city-state (Greek polis).Aristotle's writings have been read more or less continuously since ancient times, and his ethical treatises in particular continue to influence philosophers working today. Aristotle emphasized the importance of developing excellence (virtue) of character (Greek ethikē aretē), as the way to achieve what is finally more important, excellent activity (Greek energeia). As Aristotle argues in Book II of the Nicomachean Ethics, the man who possesses character excellence does the right thing, at the right time, and in the right way. Bravery, and the correct regulation of one's bodily appetites, are examples of character excellence or virtue. So acting bravely and acting temperately are examples of excellent activities. The highest aims are living well and eudaimonia a Greek word often translated as well-being, happiness or ""human flourishing"". Like many ethicists, Aristotle regards excellent activity as pleasurable for the man of virtue. For example, Aristotle thinks that the man whose appetites are in the correct order actually takes pleasure in acting moderately.Aristotle emphasized that virtue is practical, and that the purpose of ethics is to become good, not merely to know. Aristotle also claims that the right course of action depends upon the details of a particular situation, rather than being generated merely by applying a law. The type of wisdom which is required for this is called ""prudence"" or ""practical wisdom"" (Greek phronesis), as opposed to the wisdom of a theoretical philosopher (Greek sophia). But despite the importance of practical decision making, in the final analysis the original Aristotelian and Socratic answer to the question of how best to live, at least for the best types of human, was to live the life of philosophy.