Moral Imagination and Adorno: Before and After Auschwitz
... Holocaust is ‘unimaginable’ but it wasn’t, it was imagined, and it took place.
Discussing imagination in terms of understanding what happened, as well as tools
for education post-genocide, seems an interesting and necessary direction for my project.
The Teaching of Happiness in Mainland China: in Light of Aristotle
... interpretations and principles of happiness, the Marxist view of happiness, are taught
as irrefutable truth to students. Questioning such truths is not encouraged or even
allowed by the Chinese government. As a result, these fundamental questions
regarding happiness have not been fully discussed, or ...
WHAT WE CHOOSE: ETHICS FOR UNITARIAN UNIVERSALISTS A
... make and the actions we do or do not take can reflect our most deeply held values.
Development, clarification, refinement, and expansion of our ethical thinking often occur
in the midst of crisis or in response to an event or relationship that calls our world view
into question. However, this progra ...
two-column Word document - Unitarian Universalist Association
... make and the actions we do or do not take can reflect
our most deeply held values.
Development, clarification, refinement, and expansion of
our ethical thinking often occur in the midst of crisis or in
response to an event or relationship that calls our world
view into question. However, this progra ...
Beyond Evaluation Standards?
... similar ethical principles (MacIntyre, 1987; Norman, 1991). This means that moral
theories must be identified, and must be validated as to how they can offer different
justifications for a common set of moral principles (for instance, honesty, beneficence, trust, justice, and so forth). In all, ther ...
Outline of Virtue Ethics encyclopedia article
... much more on emotional connection with people. Care ethicists soon realized that this
distinction in ethical approaches doesn’t correlate all that well with gender differences,
but they argued that a focus on moral connection rather than separateness/autonomy can
work as a much-needed corrective or ...
Normativity and Epistemic Intuitions
... What if my moral intuitions tell me
Actually, another kind of answer you might
give, viz., a reliabilist or consequentialist
type answer, e.g., Punishing people for
accidentally and non negligently causing
harm does not reliably increase the amount
of good in the world. But of course th ...
The Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Truth about Morality
... cognitive science, and evolutionary theory to explain why moral realism appears
to be true even though it is not. I then argue, based on the picture of moral
psychology developed herein, that realist moral language and thought promotes
misunderstanding and exacerbates conflict. I consider a number o ...
Don`t Let it Happen Again: A Kantian Account of
... We may at first be tempted to think that Kant thinks of forgiveness as a duty of virtue (as
opposed to a duty of right) because it cannot be coerced. Forgiveness doesn’t appear to be the
kind of thing that can be wrung from us with the threat of punishment or hope of reward. But, if
what I have arg ...
IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (IOSR-JHSS)
... Values are indicative of a sense of refinement and well being. The term value derives its origin from
the self-reflective nature of human reason. It is humans alone who can transcend the animal instincts and have
the knowledge of right and wrong, good and evil, ends and means etc.Morality or moral c ...
Engineering Ethics: An Introduction
... • This may be referred to as “aspirational
ethics” because it encourages aspirations
or ideals in professionals to promote the
welfare of the public.
IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (IOSR-JHSS)
... in the happiness of the individual and the interest of the society will perfectly coincide. The disinterested social
feelings have been developed by the successive experience of ages, as the necessary condition of the growth
of social organisms and have been registered in the structure of the physic ...
... blame must, of course, be mediated by a more specific theory of moral
character and the appropriateness of blame, which I shall not offer here.
Furthermore, I do not want to state the connection between these concepts
too strongly. It is likely that any connection between virtuous decisionmaking,
Frankena, Chapter 4
When we praise any actions, we regard only
the motives that produce them. The
external performance has no merit..all
virtuous actions derive their true merit only
from virtuous motives.
In other words, what is important is
judgments about agents and their motives o
Chapter 4 The Moral Conscience
... i) When he is in error, his personal freedom to choose must be acknowledged.
ii) It is through his conscience that man sees and recognizes the demands of
the divine law. He is bound to follow this conscience faithfully in all his activity
so that he may come to God, who is his last end. Therefore he ...
Kant`s Puzzling Ethics of Maxims
... prudence, and immediate inclination. This has very important consequences. For
instance, fiddling about with the formulation of maxims turns out to be merely verbal. We simply cannot make our maxims fit the categorical imperative in this way.
We act on the maxim that incorporates an objective sugge ...
The Moral Point of View in Hume, Kant and Mill Margaret Marie
... distance and time can make to our non-moral reactions. From the general point of view,
it does not matter how close to or far from someone we are. We adopt a point of view
where we ignore the features particular to us, in our particular circumstances.
In general, all sentiments of blame or praise ar ...
Hume and the Social Contract. A Systematic Evaluation
... Thus, ‘sovereignty’, i.e. the right of making and executing generally binding
laws, is a competence attributed to the socio-political institution of government.
This institution must be represented by natural persons—either the King, or
Parliament, or a more complex construction that involves both. ...
Preparing for Integrity
... than the acquisition of technical educative or administrative knowledge and skills. We will first
consider the relationship between virtue and ethics and then consider how they connect to the
development (or the existence) of integrity.
Ethics, Virtue, and Integrity
To begin with, we should stipulat ...
An Internalist Dilemma - University of Colorado Boulder
... ‘internalism’ in the literature and I will not be concerned with all of them.1 The kind of
internalist claims I am interested in have four basic claims in common. First, I understand
internalism as a conceptual claim. It can be understood to state that a sentence to the effect
that it is right to ...
HittIV - Michigan State University
... How does one define happiness, pleasure, and utility? The utilitarians tend to use such terms
as happiness, pleasure, and utility as though these were universally meaningful concepts. But
our own experience tells us that what constitutes happiness and pleasure for one person might
be just the opposi ...
Ethical Concerns in Public Administration
... American students of Political Science, in the early years of the last century, were
dismayed at the inadequacies of the ethical approach in the Gilded Age. As a result of
their interaction with the German universities and the influence on their thinking by
scholars such as J.N Burgess, E.J. James, ...
final final final
... an organization, to look at the public not at the organization, as if the public would be the problem.
The loss of confidence has indeed to do with how the public perceives the organizations, but this
perception derives from their ethical deficit rather than from a bad communication with their publi ...
Lawrence Kohlberg's stages of moral development
Lawrence Kohlberg's stages of moral development constitute an adaptation of a psychological theory originally conceived by the Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget. Kohlberg began work on this topic while a psychology graduate student at the University of Chicago in 1958, and expanded and developed this theory throughout his life.The theory holds that moral reasoning, the basis for ethical behavior, has six identifiable developmental stages, each more adequate at responding to moral dilemmas than its predecessor. Kohlberg followed the development of moral judgment far beyond the ages studied earlier by Piaget, who also claimed that logic and morality develop through constructive stages. Expanding on Piaget's work, Kohlberg determined that the process of moral development was principally concerned with justice, and that it continued throughout the individual's lifetime, a notion that spawned dialogue on the philosophical implications of such research.The six stages of moral development are grouped into three levels: pre-conventional morality, conventional morality, and post-conventional morality.For his studies, Kohlberg relied on stories such as the Heinz dilemma, and was interested in how individuals would justify their actions if placed in similar moral dilemmas. He then analyzed the form of moral reasoning displayed, rather than its conclusion, and classified it as belonging to one of six distinct stages.There have been critiques of the theory from several perspectives. Arguments include that it emphasizes justice to the exclusion of other moral values, such as caring; that there is such an overlap between stages that they should more properly be regarded as separate domains; or that evaluations of the reasons for moral choices are mostly post hoc rationalizations (by both decision makers and psychologists studying them) of essentially intuitive decisions.Nevertheless, an entirely new field within psychology was created as a direct result of Kohlberg's theory, and according to Haggbloom et al.'s study of the most eminent psychologists of the 20th century, Kohlberg was the 16th most frequently cited psychologist in introductory psychology textbooks throughout the century, as well as the 30th most eminent overall.Kohlberg's scale is about how people justify behaviors and his stages are not a method of ranking how moral someone's behavior is. There should however be a correlation between how someone scores on the scale and how they behave, and the general hypothesis is that moral behaviour is more responsible, consistent and predictable from people at higher levels.