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Spanish and Portuguese Colonies in the Americas Chapter 15.2 Spain Portugal Focus Q: Jan. 9 How did Columbus treat the native people he encountered in the West Indies? Pages 472-73 Why do you think Columbus was so cruel to the Natives he encountered? What was one result of European exploration of the Americas? Governing the Colonies (provinces) ***Spain strictly controlled their empire: Council of the Indies: Monitored colonial officials*** Pass laws, etc. Spreading Christianity Saving souls by converting NA’s to Christianity was as important as controlling land. Franciscans, Jesuits, other missionaries Set up missions, which become towns Closely Controlling Trade ***to ensure the colonies would be profitable, Spain established strict trade laws for its colonies*** Closely Controlling Trade Colonies could only: export gold and silver to Spain Could only buy Spanish manufactured goods A Spanish Priest Spoke Out Against Slavery • Bartolome de Las Casas • Spain passed: ***New Laws of the Indies (1542): Forbade the enslavement or abuse of NA’s*** Spanish Colonial Society 1. ***Peninsulares: born in Spain top of Spanish colonial society*** 2. ***Creoles: (native) American-born kids of Spanish settlers*** Spanish Colonial Society 3. Mestizo: NA and European 4. Mulatto: African and European 5. NA’s, African: lowest social classes Notebook assignment 1. Define term, then draw and label pictures to represent: Peninsulares Creole Mestizo mulatto peoples.