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DBQ due Monday. R-4 due Tuesday. Classicism: Renewed interest in works, ideas and values of the Greeks and Romans. A. B. Humanism: A philosophy that celebrates humans ◦ Human beings have unlimited potential: We can accomplish anything, and improve ourselves and the world around us. ◦ Human emotions and experiences are worth studying and understanding. ◦ Individualism: Every individual matters and should pursue their own desires and goals. How was this different from the way human beings were viewed during the Middle Ages? C. Francisco Petrarch (1304-1374): “Father of Humanism.” ◦ Great poet and writer who recognized that humanity is living at the dawn of a new age of intellectualism and culture after a thousand years of Medieval darkness. ◦ Loves classical learning ◦ Writes of his romantic love for Laura in the vernacular. D. Change in Attitude about Life a. Middle Ages: this period? What did people focus on during b. Renaissance • Secular lifestyle: Enjoying life on Earth and the here and now, not focusing as much on religion and the afterlife. Examples: food, music, theater, painting, beautiful clothing, etc. “How beautiful is youth that is always slipping away! Whoever wants to be happy, let him be so: of tomorrow there’s no knowledge.” - Lorenzo Medici b. Renaissance (continued) • Nobles are encouraged to be “Renaissance Men” • Baldassare Castiglione’s The Courtier (1528) → guide for nobles on how to become a Renaissance man. ◦ Of the following individuals, which one do you think BEST fits the definition of a “Renaissance man (or woman)” and why: Steve Jobs Oprah Winfrey Walt Disney Bill Gates Barack Obama Choose your own example ◦ Is it possible to be a Renaissance man/woman in the 21st century? Do you think it is a worthwhile goal for people to strive for? Why or why not?