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Northern Renaissance
I. Northern Renaissance Traits
A. Religious elements stronger…
 Studied classical texts to better…
B. Not as drastic a break with the past 
C. Northern Humanism
1. More
2. Classics did NOT
II. Northern Renaissance Society
A. Political power coalescing around nations- NOT cities 
B. Northern Economy
1. Germany had advantage over much of western Euro
 very active…
& banking families
C. Printing Press (1450) Gutenberg 
E. Mysticism 
1. No need for priests or church 
2. Didn’t rebel against church, BUT…
3. Created a “religious dichotomy” 
III. The Visual Arts
A. Renaissance ideas/techniques imported gradually
1. More conservative & religious 
2. Painting of common people
3. Woodcuts FAR more popular than in Italy
B. Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528)
 Northern Renaissance Man 
C. Peiter Bruegel the Elder (1525-1569)
1. Portrayed….
2. Considered first modern painter in the north 
D. Hieronymus Bosch (1525-1569)
1. Devout Catholic 
2. Garden of Earthly Delights
E. Jan van Eych & Rogier Vander Weyden  Flemish School
IV. English Literature
A. Thomas More  Utopia (1516)
1. Described…
2. Critical of…
B. William Shakespeare
1. plays & sonnets
2. Captured
and used
C. Michel de Montaigne (NOT ENGLISH- French)  invented genre of…
1. Purpose was NOT to convince 
2. Very much in the spirit of the Renaissance 
V. Northern Humanism
A. Preoccupied with the condition of….
 Studied…
with goal of…
B. Erasmus
1. Championed
2. Criticized the pomposity of Church
a. felt period of early church was…
b. called for a …
c. believed the church COULD reform itself 
d. In Praise of Folly
e. Handbook of a Christian Knight & On Civility in Children
The idea of human powers to understand and control physical nature, as developed most especially north of the Alps,
corresponded in many ways to the more purely Italian and Humanistic idea of the infinite richness of human personality.
Together, they constituted the new Renaissance spirit, for both emphasized the emancipation of humanity’s limitless