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AP EUROPEAN HISTORY
Ch. 13: European Society in the Renaissance
Important Concepts
I. RENAISSANCE:
A. term means, “rebirth”
B. saw the rebirth of 2 ideas:
1. the belief that man should be free to develop his abilities & interests
2. The belief that man should seek the fullest enjoyment of life. LIVING was
important!
C. various views of this historical period:
1. some see it as a continuation of the Middle Ages
2. some see it as a break from the past & the beginning of modern times
3. some see it as a transition as the medieval period gave rise to the basic
institutions of Europe, its laws, languages, economics.
D. the elite culture that developed during the quattrocento(Italian for 15th century) in
the city-states of the Italian peninsula, though, not only borrowed from the ancient cultures(Rome
& Greece), but also expressed a new concept of mankind: HUMANISM.
II. HISTORICAL IMPORTANCE: In the areas of science, art, geography & especially
religion(Reformationnext chapter), this period marked a break with the past and a movement in
a new direction!
*********************************************************************ThThe
following represent items need to be identified prior to coming to class! Please do all work on a
separate sheet of paper. Identify means to explain, define, list famous works, contributions, give
importance of to this time period. Be thorough!! Many are in the textbook, others are not,
therefore, you still have the responsiblity to complete all work!!
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
city-states; communes, popolo; signori; oligarchies
“The School of Europe”
humanism/individualism
Medici family
Cesare Borgia
WRITERS:
6. Dante Alighieri(1265-1321)--see Ch.12
7. Francesco Petrarch(1304-1374)
8. Giovanni Boccaccio(1313-1375)
9. Niccolo Machiavelli(1469-1527)
10. Baldassare Castiglione(1478-1529)
11. Laura Cereta(1469-1499)--Class handout on Women of the Renaissance
NORTHERN RENAISSANCE WRITERS—Christian Humanists
12. Desiderius Erasmus(1466?-1536)
13. Sir Thomas More(1478-1535)
14. Francois Rabelais(1490?-1553)
15. Geoffrey Chaucer(Between 1340 and 1345-1400
16. William Shakespeare (baptised 1564 -1616)
17. The Printed Word: Johann Gutenberg
ARTISTS:
18. patronage
19. Leonardo da Vinci, virtu
20. Michelangelo Buonarroti
21. Raphael Sanzio
22. SOCIAL HISTORY: Wealth & Nobility; Race/Slavery; Gender roles
What were the key social hierarchies in Renaissance Europe, and how did ideas about hierarchy
shape peoples lives?
23. Nation-states and their evolution.
A. France: Charles VII, gabelle, taille, Louis XI, Concordat of Bologna
B. England: War of the Roses; Tudor Dynasty
C. Spain: Ferdinand/Isabella; Unification of Castille & Aragon, expulsion of the Jews, New
Christains, conversos, Reconquista