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Transcript
TEXTURE AND MELODY
TEXTURE AND MELODY
Homophonic
Polyphonic/Contrapuntal
A texture where the parts play different notes
but move in the same rhythm.
A texture where the parts play different notes
and different rhythms. Often described as
interweaving melodies.
TEXTURE AND MELODY
TEXTURE AND MELODY
Imitation
Canon
When another part enters and copies the
musical phrase that has just been heard.
Where performers play the same tune starting
one after the other to create an overlapping
effect.
TEXTURE AND MELODY
TEXTURE AND MELODY
Unison
Octaves
All the parts are playing the same rhythm and
the same pitch
All the parts are playing the same rhythm but
the pitch is an octave apart.
TEXTURE AND MELODY
TEXTURE AND MELODY
Antiphonal
Melody and
accompaniment
Musical phrases are passed between one group
of performers and another. In performance
they are sometimes placed at opposite sides of
the stage.
Homophonic textures are sometimes called
melody and accompaniment as the melody is
usually the top (highest part) of the texture. It
is also referred to as this when the
accompaniment is broken chords.
TEXTURE AND MELODY
TEXTURE AND MELODY
Ground bass
Conjunct
A melody in the bass which is repeated
throughout the music. The harmony above it
usually changes.
A conjunct melody moves by step.
TEXTURE AND MELODY
TEXTURE AND MELODY
Disjunct
Triadic/broken
chords/arpeggio
A disjuct melody moves mostly by leaps.
This can be a melody or form part of the
accompaniment. The notes of the chord are
played separately.
TEXTURE AND MELODY
TEXTURE AND MELODY
Appoggiatura
Acciaccatura
An ornament that plays a non-harmony note
and resolves onto a harmony note.
TEXTURE AND MELODY
An ornament which is played a tone or
semitone above or below the main note.
Sometimes called a crushed note as it is played
very quickly before the main melody note it is
decorating.
TEXTURE AND MELODY
Sequence Repetition
A melodic phrase is immediately repeated at a
different pitch – often a step higher or lower.
TEXTURE AND MELODY
A melodic phrase is repeated.
TEXTURE AND MELODY
Imitation Pentatonic
A melodic phrase is repeated. Usually exactly
the same but can have slight changes such as
starting at a different pitch.
Pentatonic music is made from a scale that
uses 5 notes. It is common in Asian and African
music.
TEXTURE AND MELODY
Whole tone
A whole tone scale is a scale where each note is
one tone apart. For example:
TEXTURE AND MELODY
Slide/glissando/portamento
A melodic device meaning to slide from one
note to another.
C, D, E, F#, G# A# C
TEXTURE AND MELODY
TEXTURE AND MELODY
Ostinato
Riff
A short rhythmic or melodic phrase or pattern
that is repeated.
The term used to describe an ostinato when
heard in popular music.