Download Physical Anthropology Study Guide for Exam 1 Evolutionary Theory

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Transcript
Physical Anthropology
Study Guide for Exam 1
Evolutionary Theory
Linnaeus
Lamarck
Cuvier -Catastophism
The Great Chain of Being
Lyell
Malthus
The Galapagos Islands
Darwin
Natural selection
Darwin's concept of evolution
Wallace
Natural selection in action: industrial melanism
Chromosomal Genetics
Mendel & his Laws
Chromosomes
DNA
Mutation
Inheritance
Meiosis and Mitosis
Genes
Alleles
Homozygous
Heterozygous
Dominant
Recessive
Codominant
Punnett Square
Phenotype
Genotype
Crossing-over
Linkage
Sex-linked traits
Population Genetics
Population
Gene pool
Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium
Estimating allele frequencies using the H-W Principle
ABO Blood Groups
Color Blindness
The Forces of Evolution
Natural selection
Differential reproduction
Adaptation
Mutation
Genetic drift
Founders' effect
Gene flow
Speciation
Chronospecies
Anagenesis
Divergent evolution
Cladogenesis
Convergent evolution
Punctuated equilbrium
Human Adaptability
Adaptation:
-genetic
-physiological
-cultural
Acclimatization
Sickle-cell anemia
Lactose intolerance
High altitude
Bergman's rule
Allen's Rule
Human Diversity
"Races" -difficulties with concept
Variation
Clinal variation
Adaptation to environment