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Transcript
AP Psychology Summer Assignment
Welcome to AP Psychology. I hope you have an enjoyable and safe summer,
and that you are looking forward to beginning your study of psychology over the
course of the next school year. It will be a challenge, but I hope that you will find it
an interesting and rewarding experience. One of the joys and challenges of this
class is that you will see yourself in our readings and discussions every day. You
will be able to relate many of your own life experiences to the content of this
course.
This summer you will be getting a head start on not only the content of
psychology, but also the structure of the class. The specific assignments are
detailed in this packet. You should take your time with these assignments, as they
will introduce you to the kind of work you should expect in class next year.
Each assignment listed below should be completed before school begins. Be
sure to bring this packet with your completed assignments with you on the first day
of class. All of these assignments will be graded, and there will be a quiz the
first week that will include content from your summer assignment.
If you have any questions regarding your summer assignment please feel free to
email me at [email protected] and I will respond to you as soon as I can.
Thank you 
Mrs. Davis
1
Assignment #1: Read Chapter 1 (pgs 2-20) and take notes in CORNELL
format. For summer assignment ALL notes must be written on the right side.
Only write a summary at the very end of your notes for the chapter! DO NOT
FILL IN LEFT SIDE YET!!!! We will add to notes on the left hand side in
class over the first 2 days of class:
2
Assignment #2. Use the notes you took above from the reading to be able to
answer the following multiple choice questions:
1. A clinical viewpoint emphasizing the understanding of mental disorders in terms of
unconscious needs, desires, memories, and conflicts.
a. Humanistic psychology
b. Teachers of psychology
c. Psychodynamic psychology
d. Pseudopsychology
e. Day dreaming
2. The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
a. Pseudopsychology
b. Psychiatry
c. Psychoanalysis
d. Psychology
e. sociology
3. A historical school of psychology that sought to understand how the brain works by
studying perception and perceptual learning; believed that percepts consist of meaningful
wholes (in German, Gestalts).
a. Psychology
b. Gestalt psychology
c. Humanistic psychology
d. Pseudopsychology
e. Structuralism
3
4. Specialize in modifying the work environment to maximize productivity and morale.
a. Experimental psychologists
b. Clinical/counseling psychologists
c. Industrial and organizational psychologists
d. Rehabilitation psychologists
e. School psychologists
5. A clinical viewpoint emphasizing human ability, growth, potential, and free will.
a. Psychodynamic psychology
b. Pseudopsychology
c. Gestalt psychology
d. Humanistic psychology
e. Behavioral psychology
6. The psychological perspective that searches for the causes of behavior in the functioning
of genes, the brain and nervous system, and the endocrine (hormone) system.
a. Trait view
b. Behavioral view
c. Biological view
d. Clinical view
e. Natural selection
7. A study conducted via careful observations and scientifically based research.
a. Empirical approach
b. Psychiatry
c. Clinical view
d. Biological view
e. Case study
4
8. A historical school of psychology devoted to uncovering the basic structures that make
up mind and thought; sought the "elements" of conscious experience rather than what
consciousness (of the mind) could do.
a. Structuralism
b. Functionalism
c. Trait view
d. Culture
e. Philosophy
9. The process of reporting on one's own conscious mental experiences.
a. Introspection
b. Cognitions
c. Trait view
d. Neuroscience
e. ego
10. A medical specialty dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders.
a. Psychoanalysis
b. Psychiatry
c. Culture
d. Psychology
e. Doctor
11. The psychological perspective emphasizing mental processes, such as learning, memory,
perception, and thinking, as forms of information processing.
a. Cognitions
b. Trait view
c. Cognitive view
d. Clinical view
e. Teacher
5
12. Work with people who have problems with social and emotional adjustment or those who
face difficult choices in relationships, careers, or education.
a. Applied psychologists
b. Clinical/counseling psychologists
c. School psychologists
d. Engineering psychologists
e. Sports psychologist
13. A relatively new speciality in psychology that sees behavior and mental processes in
terms of their genetic adaptions for survival and reproduction.
a. Evolutionary psychology
b. Psychodynamic psychology
c. Pseudopsychology
d. Gestalt psychology
e. Social psychology
14. A historical school of psychology that believed mental processes could best be
understood in terms of their adaptive purpose and function.
a. Cognitions
b. Functionalism
c. Structuralism
d. Behaviorism
e. Psychoanalysis
6
15. A psychological perspective emphasizing the importance of social interaction, social
learning, and a cultural perspective.
a. Biological view
b. Clinical view
c. Cognitive view
d. Sociocultural view
e. Behaviorism
7
Assignment #3: Use your knowledge of each of the perspectives to complete the
following worksheet
The Outrageous Celebrity!
Celebrities are constantly doing outrageous things… and many of us struggle to explain
why they do the crazy things they do. Today you’re going to use the psychological
perspectives you learned to attempt to explain the outrageous behavior of a celebrity.
Choose the most outrageous celebrity you can think of (past or present):
Provide a short list of some of the outrageous behaviors this person has exhibited (at
least 4 different behaviors):
8
Explain this celebrity’s behavior from the point of view of each major psychology
perspective:
Perspective
What Determines Behavior?
Biological
Developmental
Cognitive
Psychodynamic
Humanistic
Behavioral
Sociocultural
Evolutionary/Sociobiological
Trait
9
Assignment #4: Classify each of the following examples as representing either the
BIOLOGICAL, BEHAVIORIST , COGNITIVE, SOCIO -CULTURAL, PSYCHODYNAMIC ,
or HUMANISTIC approaches to psychology:
SCENARIO
PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE
Professor Greenswag is interested in studying the
different attitudes about the elderly among North
American and Japanese adults. Ms Greenswag has
found that the Japanese show more respect and
responsibility toward elderly parents, and wishes to
understand the cultural norms that contribute to
these attitudes.
Professor O’Neil studies the attentional processes
involved when people search for specified objects
by measuring the amounts of blood flow to various
portions of the brain while the participant engages
in a letter detection task.
Dr. Duffy tries to help a client stop smoking by
understanding the unconscious reasons for the
client’s need to smoke. Dr. Duffy encourages the
client to talk about his childhood conflicts with his
parents.
Dr. Holtsford tries to help a client stop smoking by
telling her to keep a careful record of the number of
cigarettes smoked and the particular people or
situations who are a part of her smoking behavior.
She keeps these records as a way of uncovering the
factors that reward her for smoking, so that she
may later remove those rewards.
Professor Wiggins studies the factors that help or
hinder students in memorizing information from
textbooks. The professor systematically varies task
characteristics such as textbook difficulty in an
effort to understand the underlying memory
processes involved in reading a textbook.
Dr. Mix is working to help a seriously depressed
man become a productive member of society again.
He points out to her client his potential for personal
growth and his obvious love for his family, and
reminds him of his many successes in professional
and personal activities.
10
Assignment # 5: You will create a flashcard for each of the terms and people
from Chapter 1. (I will have binder clips available the first day of class for you
to keep all of your flashcards together when you turn them in)
Directions:
1. Select 20 of the terms below. DO NOT pick the easiest terms that you know,
instead, pick the terms that you struggle to remember. This will help you
in studying for Unit test and the AP exam.
2. On the front of the notecard: term, representative picture
3. On the back of the notecard: working definition, real world
application/example (If it is a person put their key contribution to psychology
as it relates to this unit)
4. Only hand written cards will be accepted!

Empiricism

Structuralism

Functionalism

Inheritable Traits

Gestalt Psychology

Experimental
Psychology

Behaviorism

Humanistic

Cognitive

Psychology

Nature-Nurture
Biological

Evolutionary




Personality
Psychology
Psychodynamic

Social Psychology
Psychology

Applied Research
Behavioral

Industrial-
Psychology
Organizational
Cognitive
Psychology
Psychology

Educational
Psychology
Psychology

Developmental
Psychology
Psychology
Neuroscience


Approach
Psychology

Biopsychosocial

Social-Cultural
Psychology
Issue

Psychometrics

Natural Selection

Basic Research

Levels of Analysis
Human Factors
Psychology

Counseling
Psychology

Clinical
Psychology
11

Psychiatry

G. Stanley Hall

B.F. Skinner

Aristotle

William James

Socrates

Francis Bacon

John Locke

E.B. Titchener

Mary Whiton

Abraham Maslow

Margaret Floy
Calkins

Ivan Pavlov

Charles Darwin

Jean Piaget

John B. Watson

René Descartes

Plato

Wilhelm Wundt

Dorothea Dix

Rosalie Rayner

Sigmund Freud

Carl Rogers
Washburn
12
Assignment #6: Answer using what you now know from your notes and
flashcards, answer the Free response question below.
Unit 1 F.R.Q.:
Psychology’s History & Approaches
Free-Response Question: Respond to the following Free-Response Question. In your
response, define the selected terms, including names of psychological figures, methods, theories,
and examples, where applicable. Answer in complete sentences.
Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. The field of psychology is
diverse and looks at behavior and mental processes in various ways. Explain how each term
below applies to the study of psychology, citing key figures and studies, where necessary.
Next, discuss the differences for each pair of terms (a-b, c-d, e-f).
a. Functionalism
b. Structuralism
c. Cognitive Approach
d. Neuroscience Approach
e. Experimental Psychology
f. Clinical Psychology
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