... • females invest more in offspring, therefore more
choosy about mates
• males compete for females; inequality in number of
offspring / mates
• Desires/perceptions were adaptive in Environment of
Evolution Assessment acc (32 pts.)
... Our current concept of evolution is based on the idea of “punctuated equilibrium.”
How does that compare to the old idea called “gradualism.”
Name two organisms that Darwin studied when visiting the Galapagos Islands.
Explain how it demonstrated the process of evolution. Use as many appropriate
... 7. Things to think about
Individuals don’t evolve-populations are the simplest level of
biological organization that can evolve
• b. There is a difference between adaptations acquired during the
lifetime of an individual and those adaptations inherited from a parent
Evolution does not hav ...
... PROXIMATE CAUSE – the immediate psychological,
physiological, biochemical, and environmental reasons
E.g. we eat because we are hungry, have sex because we
desire it, help people because we feel compassion,
withdraw because we feel sad – we do not calculate the
effect of our behaviour on inclusive f ...
EVOLUTIONARY EXPLANATIONS OF GENDER File
... • Explain how behavioural differences may
have been linked to reproductive success
• Understand the criticisms that have been
made of the evolutionary account of
... Francis Bacon and John Locke’s scientific views led to the development
G. Stanley Hall
He established the first American psychological laboratory.
Wrote a famous textbook “Principles of Psychology.”
Feb 12, 2007
... David Krakauer is currently a Professor at the Santa Fe Institute in New Mexico. He
received a B.Sc. in Biology and an M.Sc. in Computer Science and Mathematics from the
University of London, and his PhD in Evolutionary Theory from the University of
Oxford. David remained in Oxford as a Wellcome Res ...
In order for evolution by natural selection to explain the adaptation
... suitable variations that natural selection can act on. Rupert Riedl, an
early pioneer of evolutionary developmental biology, suggested that this
is facilitated by a specific developmental organisation that is itself a
product of past selection. However, the construction of a theoretical
framework to ...
Ch. 7 Lesson 4 Notes
... 1. How are Evolution and Classification Related?
_________________ published an explanation for how species change over time.
EVOLUTION is the process of ___________ over time.
NATURAL SELECTION is the process by which individuals that are better
_____________ to their environment are more likely to ...
Evolution as a Statistical Process
... Each paired trait has a different survival
If Ecosystem remains largely unchanged,
end result is a distribution of most
Journal Entry - Evolutionary Psychology
... Theory #1 – Peaceful Bonobos and Violent Chimpanzees
- Bonobos are generally very peaceful animals that very seldom engage in violence. This is
believed to be due to the females forming closer bonds with each other, while the female
chimpanzees are unable to. Humans are more closely related to chipm ...
... Evolution by
... ancient behavioral tendencies?
2. Evolutionary lag
• ~100 generations of consistent natural
selection = 2000 years!
• Modern technology and cultural practices
would have to continue for many hundreds of
years to have an evolutionary effect
• No genetic inheritance of acquired traits
• Cultural c ...
Unit I- Psychological Approaches
... Aristotle and Plato. Today this approach is known as cognitive psychology.
Cognitive Psychology revolves around the notion that if we want to know what makes
people tick then the way to do it is to figure out what processes are actually going on in
their minds. In other words, psychologists from thi ...
... French naturalist, mathematician,
In his Histoire naturelle discusses
a concept similar to “common
descent.” However, did not see
a close relationship between
humans and apes. Credited by
Darwin as being the first
modern author to treat
evolution in a scientific spirit.
... • EVOLUTION: The change of organisms due to a difference in genetic variation
to adapt to the changing earth around them
Psychological Adaptation www.AssignmentPoint.com A
... (EPM), is evolved human or animal behavior resulting from evolutionary
pressures. It could serve a specific purpose, have served a purpose in the past
(see vestigiality), or be a side-effect of another EPM (see spandrel (biology)).
Evolutionary psychology proposes that the human psychology mostly co ...
ENVI 30 Environmental Issues
... Concept of evolution predates Darwin by >2000 years
(not widely accepted)
Fossils known long before Darwin and recognized as
remains of organisms
Aristotle (384-322 B.C.)
Hunting, Gathering and Co-operating
... contribution to these issues is the theory of evolutionary psychology, which attempts to apply
Darwin's way of explaining biological evolution to human behaviour and psychology. Darwin's theory
of natural selection explains how organisms change by adapting to their environment and so
becoming more f ...
... be different in a family. So investigators ask:
Do siblings have differing experiences?
Do siblings, despite sharing half of their genes, have
different combinations of the other half of their genes?
Evolutionary psychology (EP) is a theoretical approach in the social and natural sciences that examines psychological structure from a modern evolutionary perspective. It seeks to identify which human psychological traits are evolved adaptations – that is, the functional products of natural selection or sexual selection in human evolution. Adaptationist thinking about physiological mechanisms, such as the heart, lungs, and immune system, is common in evolutionary biology. Some evolutionary psychologists apply the same thinking to psychology, arguing that the mind has a modular structure similar to that of the body, with different modular adaptations serving different functions. Evolutionary psychologists argue that much of human behavior is the output of psychological adaptations that evolved to solve recurrent problems in human ancestral environments.Evolutionary psychologists suggest that EP is not simply a subdiscipline of psychology but that evolutionary theory can provide a foundational, metatheoretical framework that integrates the entire field of psychology, in the same way it has for biology.Evolutionary psychologists hold that behaviors or traits that occur universally in all cultures are good candidates for evolutionary adaptations including the abilities to infer others' emotions, discern kin from non-kin, identify and prefer healthier mates, and cooperate with others. They report successful tests of theoretical predictions related to such topics as infanticide, intelligence, marriage patterns, promiscuity, perception of beauty, bride price, and parental investment.The theories and findings of EP have applications in many fields, including economics, environment, health, law, management, psychiatry, politics, and literature.Controversies concerning EP involve questions of testability, cognitive and evolutionary assumptions (such as modular functioning of the brain, and large uncertainty about the ancestral environment), importance of non-genetic and non-adaptive explanations, as well as political and ethical issues due to interpretations of research results.