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Transcript
Molecules of Life
Monosaccharides
Glucose, Fructose,
Galactose (1 carbon ring)
Disaccharides
Sucrose (2 carbon rings)
Carbohydrates (Sugars and
Starches)
Polysaccharides (3 or more
carbon rings)
Proteins
Amino acids (Building
Blocks) →
Glycogen
Animals: Energy storage
Cellulose
Plants: Cell walls “stiff stuff
in plants
Starch
Plants: Energy Storage
Polypeptide (Chain of
Amino Acids) →
Protein (skin, hair, nails,
muscle, etc.) (Folded Chains
of Polypeptides—Shape is
important to function)
Unsaturated (double
bonds—can take more H)
Fats
Glycerol and 3 fatty acid
chains
Saturated (no double bonds,
max # of H)
Lipids
Nucleic Acids
Steroids
4-fused carbon rings →
Nucleotides (building
blocks) →
Make Nucleic Acids such as
DNA and RNA which carry
hereditary information
Attached functional group
determines identity and
function
Cholesterol, testosterone,
estrogen