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Transcript
Verb
http://www.chompchomp.com/menu.htm
The verb is about the noun.
VERB IT’S WHAT YOU
DO!!!!
Verb
A word that shows action,
being or links a subject to
a subject complement.
The verb tells what the noun
does or is.
The verb is saying
that the noun did
something or that
the noun is
something.
Action Verbs
Action verbs show the
action that the noun does.
Josie paints.
Action verbs might also show action
on a direct object.
(Direct Object)
Josie paints houses.
Linking Verbs
Linking verbs link a subject
to a complement.
Most verbs show actions or make
equations.
>>
Jane saw trees. (action)
=
Trees are green. (linking)
action
erb
linking
You must know the difference
between action verbs and
linking verbs!
Auxiliary (helping) Verbs
•In a simple tense the verb stands alone.
Mr. Fitz mixed chemicals.
•In a compound tense the verb is
supplemented (helped) by an auxiliary
verb.
Mr. Fitz had mixed chemicals. (past perfect)
The future and perfect tenses use
auxiliary verbs.
Helping Verbs
is, am, are, was, were, be,
being, been, has, have, had,
do, does, did, shall, will,
should, would, may, might,
must, can, could
End Part 1
The verb is about
the noun.
•Every sentence has a
subject, and the verb (the
predicate of the sentence)
is about the subject.
•The subject will always be a
noun or a subject pronoun, and
the simple predicate is the
verb.
Active Voice Verb
•An active voice verb is an action verb
that shows the subject acting.
The cat attacked the mouse.
Not The mouse was attacked by the
cat
IMPORTANT – Use the active voice
in your writing for English and
social studies!!
Passive Voice Verb
•A passive voice verb is an action verb that shows
the subject passively being acted upon.
The house was struck by lightning. (passive)
Lightning struck the house.
(active –More interesting!)
Passive voice is used in scientific writing to
create an inductive, objective tone.
Subjects were given small amounts
of water during the experiment.
Four principle parts of
the verb:
•All verbs are made out of four primary forms that
each verb possesses.
the infinitive: to do (do), to smile (smile), to go (go)
the present participle: doing, smiling, going
the past: did, smiled, went
the past participle: done,, smiled, gone
Participles:
http://www.chompchomp.com/terms/participle.htm
Regular Verbs
Most verbs make the four
principle parts in a regular
way.
infinitive
present participle past
past participle
to work
working
worked
worked
to jump
jumping
jumped
jumped
Irregular Verbs
Many verbs have principle
parts that are unique and
have to be memorized.
infinitive
present participle past
past participle
to eat
eating
ate
eaten
to write
writing
wrote
written
to break
breaking
broke
broken
The present and
past participles are
usually formed with
a form of the verb
“be” (helping verbs)
.
Time makes verbs
tense
We live in a moving continuum of
time. Time is always happening!
Time is so important in our
existence that we identify it in
every sentence that we make!
Tense gives sentences
time.
Time has six tenses
•three ordinary tenses
•three perfect tenses
Six Verb Tenses
1. Present
4. Present Perfect
2.Past
5. Past Perfect
3.Future
6. Future Perfect
Verbs have
person
second or third)
Verbs have
number
(singular and plural)
(first,
Present Tense
Singular
First Person:
Second Person:
Third Person
Plural
I jump
We jump
You jump
He, she it jumps
You jump
They jump
Past Tense
First Person:
Second Person:
Third Person
I jumped
We jumped
You jumped
He, she it jumped
You jumped
They jumped
Future Tense
First Person:
Second Person:
Third Person
I will jump
We will jump
You will jump
He, she it will jump
You will jump
They will jump
Present Perfect Tense
Singular
First Person:
Second Person:
Third Person
Plural
I have jumped
We have jumped
You have jumped
He, she it has jumped
You have jumped
They have jumped
Past Perfect Tense
First Person:
Second Person:
Third Person
First Person:
Second Person:
Third Person:
I had jumped
We had jumped
You had jumped
He, she it had jumped
You had jumped
They had jumped
Future Perfect Tense
I will have jumped
You will have jumped
He, she it will have
jumped
We will have jumped
You will have jumped
They will have jumped
What are perfect tenses?
The word perfect comes from the Latin
perficere, meaning “to finish”.
The perfect tenses are the tenses of things
that are finished, either finished in the
past, finished in the present, or finished in
the future.
Think about it. We are
finished with something that
is perfect.
Contractions
A contraction is the combination of two or
more parts of speech into one word such as
don’t, they’re and it’s.
Lots of verbs are combined with other parts
of speech to form contractions.
DO NOT USE CONTRACTIONS IN FORMAL ESSAYS!
Contractions take away from the
serious intellectual tone of a
formal essay!
From Oscar Wilde’s The Picture of Dorian Gray:
He
Parts
was
Subject linking
brilliant, fantastic, irresponsible.
adj.
adj.
adj.
of Speech: pronoun verb
Parts
of Sentence: subject predicate -------compound subject complement-------Phrases:
----no prepositional, appositive, or verbal phrases----------
Clauses:
one independent clause, a simple declarative sentence.
This sentence by Oscar Wilde shows how a
linking verb can make an equation.
brilliant
He
was
fantastic
irresponsible
He = brilliant, fantastic, irresponsible
From Oscar Wilde’s The Picture of Dorian Gray:
Parts
of Speech:
The
massive megalith towered over him.
adj.
adj.
subject
action
noun
verb
prep. Pro.
Parts
of Sentence: --------------subject ----------Phrases:
Clauses:
-------predicate -------------prepositional phrase
one independent clause, a simple declarative sentence.
megalith
towered
him