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Verbs:
1. Action: tell what the subject is doing.
Ex) running, walk, jog, talk, bike
2. Linking: connects (links) a subject to a
noun or an adjective in the predicate.
***Common linking verbs: forms of
“be” (is, are, was, were, am, been,
being)
Ex) A hurricane is a tropical cyclone.
Ex) The storm is larger than the one before.
3. Helping: completes the main verb in
many sentences.
Ex) A category 1 hurricane will result in
minimal harm.
Ex) A category 3 hurricane has hit the
town of Burnley.
Verbs (tenses):
1. Past tense: expresses action or a
state of being that was completed
in the past. Usually add “-ed”
2. Present tense: expresses action or
a state of being that is happening
now or that happens continually or
regularly.
3. Future tense: expresses action or a
state of being that WILL take place.
4. Past participle: when you add the
helping verbs has, had, have
Irregular Verbs: do not follow the ed rule.
Instead of adding ed to show past tense, the
verb changes.
Present:
Past:
Past participle:
Write
wrote
I have written
Swim
swam
I have swum
jumped
I have jumped
Regular:
Jump
Complete Sentences:
1. Complete sentences have a subject
and a predicate.
Subject: who or what does something
Predicate: what does the subject do
Sentence errors:
1. Fragments: Incomplete thoughts.
**To make sure your sentences are
complete, they have to have:
1. A subject
2. A verb
3. A complete thought
Run-ons: putting together two or more
complete thoughts without punctuation.
***three ways to fix run-ons
1. Semicolon
2. Period, capitalize the letter of the next
sentence
3. Comma conjunction (FANBOYS).
Rambling: continuous use of “and”
Wordy sentences: unnecessary repetition.
Misplaced Modifiers: when a descriptive
phrase is improperly located in a sentence
and appears to describe the wrong word or
idea.