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Transcript
CHAPTER 1 ANATOMY BASICS
Here’s some terms and definitions you need to get started in Anatomy:
Organ Systems see pg 6-7
Integumentary
Skeletal
Muscular
Nervous
Endocrine
Cardiovascular
know the basic function of each system; and the main organs
Lymphatic ; Immune
Respiratory
Digestive
Urinary
Reproductive
Regional Anatomical Terms
see pg 14
also: parietal
temporal
pectoral
iliac
Body Areas – Internal
cardiac
heart
pulmonary
lung
cutaneous
skin
Terms of Direction:
superior
toward the head
inferior
toward the feet
cephalic
toward the head
caudal
toward the tail
anterior
toward the front
posterior
toward the back
ventral
toward the front
dorsal
toward the back
gastric
hepatic
renal
abdominal
stomach
liver
kidney
abdomen
internal
external
superficial
deep
proximal
distal
medial
lateral
parietal
visceral
inside
outside
close to surface
away from surface
closer to attachment
farther from attachment
toward the midline
away from the midline
near the wall
near the organs
main body cavities
see pg 17
dorsal cavity
cranial cavity
contains the brain
vertebral cavity
contains the spinal cord
ventral cavity
thoracic cavity
pleural cavity
contains the lung
pericardial cavity contains the heart
abdominal cavity
contains digestive organs
pelvic cavity
contains urinary bladder and reproductive organs
views to study body parts
frontal (coronal) cut
divides front and back
sagittal cut
divides right and left
transverse cut
divides upper and lower
Cross section
Longitudinal
abdominal regions
4 abdominal quadrants
9 abdominal regions
across width of organ
across length of organ
see pg 18-19