Human Anatomy and Physiology
... cavities are the larger ventral (anterior) and the smaller, dorsal
(posterior) body cavity.
The ventral body cavity constitutes the thoracic cavity and
the abdomino-pelvic body cavity.
The Thoracic cavity houses lung and heart. It is protected by
the rib cage & associated musculature and the sternum ...
5th international symposion of clinical and applied anatomy and 1st
... College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz
University for Health Sciences, Kingdom of Saudi
The estimation of stature is crucial for formulating a
biological profile during the process of personal
identification, especially when the utility of DNA
analysis is limited due to economical issue ...
On the Anatomy and Physiology of the Tunicata.
... however, quite so obvious in the species which hare these two
tunics comparatively free, as they are universally in Ascidia and
Molgztla. But we have just seen that, in such instances, the
inner surface of the test, and the outer surface of the mantle, lie
in close contact with each other. Now, lts ...
Shoulder Injury Mechanisms and Integrative Medicine Therapies
... The shoulder is the most mobile joint in the human body; it allows rotation of the upper
extremity up to 180 degrees in three planes. A downside to the versatility of movement in the
shoulder is an increased risk of injury, as it is the most frequently dislocated joint (Martini, 2000,
p. 156; Quille ...
... bellies by tendinous intersections:
at the level of the xiphoid process,
umbilicus, and halfway between
Bodour Qassim Badreldeen Baioumy Ghaderi_Bador
... 2008). Slebodzinski (2005) reported that the Iodine concentration in the
ovary is higher than in other organs except thyroid.
Disorders of thyroid in women are common during reproductive
years. Incorrect or delayed treatment during pregnancy can adversely
affect the health of mother and fetus (Möing ...
... and sends input in the form of nerve impulses or
chemical signals to a control center.
The control center sets the range of values within
which a controlled condition should be maintained,
evaluates the input it receives from the receptors,
and generates output commands when they are
... Thoracic and Abdominal Cavity Membranes
• A thin, slippery serous membrane covers the viscera within
the thoracic and abdominal cavities and also lines the walls
of the thorax and abdomen.
• Parts of the serous membrane
– the parietal layer lines the walls of the cavities
– the visceral layer cover ...
... dilatable and narrowest part of the urethra. It is
within the urogenital diaphragm, and surrounded
by the sphincter of urethra.
This striate muscle is under voluntary control
after early infancy.
Anterior ruethra and posterior urethra:
In the clinic the first and second parts of urethra
are called t ...
The Reproductive System
... Isthmus of uterine tube －straight and
narrow portion, thick walls, it is the place
where the tubal ligation is performed usually
... ANATOMICAL TERMINOLOGY
• Anatomy has its own vocabulary/terms i.e anatomical
Crural-leg (front side)
Eponyms-e.g Adam’s apple, Eustachian tube, Sertoli cells
BIO 218 F 2012 CH 25 Martini lecture Outline
... Longitudinal muscles called taeniae coli aid in the process of peristalsis
The serosa of the large intestine has numerous “flaps” of sacs of fat attached to but yet extending from
the intestine called omental appendices; function is unknown
... • Motion associated with the return
of a body part from a flexed
position to the anatomic position
• In the anatomic position, all
extremities are in extension
Human Anatomy and Physiology for
Abdomen - Начало
... Relationship between the organs and
Due to intraembryonal processes the organs have different
relationship with the peritoneum.
1. Intraperitoneal organs are entirely covered with peritoneum.
They are connected to the abdominal wall with ligaments or
meso, which ensures greater mobility. ...
... The mediastinum is commonly considered to have three divisions, lying
anterior, posterior and superior to the pericardium. Both the anterior and the
posterior mediastinum are continuous with the superior mediastinum, which
connects freely with the neck.
The anterior mediastinum is not much more than ...
... 1. As the testes descend during development, they must push through the wall of the abdominal
cavity and become surrounded by the different connective tissue layers oderived from the
muscles of the anterior abdominal wall. The spermatic cord (the stalk of the testes) follows and
serves as the main b ...
Introduction to Anatomy
... Democritus (460-370 BCE) – materialism, ‘father of modern science’
(Gr.: Δημόκριτος, Dēmokritos, "chosen of the people")
The Digestive System
... The enzymatic breakdown of foodstuffs
begins in the mouth and is essentially
complete in the small intestine
... be opened and the mucosal surface inspected before it is removed by dissecting along a plane between it and the bladder or uterus anteriorly. It may
be separated ﬁrst and then the mucosa inspected later after it is opened. In
males, the peritoneum here is now lifted to expose the seminal vesicles. I ...
Aspects regarding the morphological variability of superior thyroid
... Oocyte cryopreservation may represent a valid technique of gamete storage for women in need to preserve their reproductive
potential. However, in general, oocyte cryopreservation protocols have not been fully optimized and overall clinical success remains quite low. Morphological studies, especially ...
use of quadruped models in thoraco- abdominal
... (1959) and Roberts et al. (1967) found that compression and displacement of the heart and twisting of the
aortic arch produced tensions at the fixed isthmus and
aortic root. Viano and Haut’s (1977) rabbit study
predominantly produced ruptures of the aortic root.
They proposed a mechanism which was b ...
THE EYES OF IPNOPS M%IRRAYI
... of convex cornea-like prominences, while the cranial wall in
be sense-organs, since they appear to be supplied with no
front and laterally of these is flat and provided with concenspecial nerves but only by ordinary nerves. They are certainly
tric striae (cf. text-fig. 1). Where the cranial wall cov ...
Dr.Kaan Yücel http://fhs121.org Introduction to anatomy
... Three imaginary planes pass through the body in the anatomical position.
Sagittal, coronal, and axial planes
Sagittal planes are vertical planes. They pass through the body parallel to the median plane. Parasagittal is
commonly used. It, however, is unnecessary as any plane parallel to and on either ...
Murder for body parts
The murder of human beings for their body parts is widely condemned and considered a crime under the law of most countries. Such practices have been confirmed or suspected to occur within a handful of contexts.Medicine murder (not to be confused with ""medical murder"" due to medical negligence) means the killing of a human being in order to excise body parts to use as medicine or for magical purposes in witchcraft. Medicine murder is not viewed as a form of human sacrifice in a religious sense, because the motivation is not the death of a human or the effecting of magical changes through the death of a human being, but the obtaining of an item or items from their corpse to be used in traditional medicine. Its practice in the format described below occurs primarily in sub-equatorial Africa. Medicine murder in southern Africa has been documented in some small detail in South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland, although it is a difficult subject to investigate because of its controversial standing in customary practices and laws. Very few research and discussion documents have been devoted to this subject. Three concerning Lesotho were published in 1951, 2000 and 2005 regarding the same events in the 1940s and 1950s; one concerning Swaziland was published in 1993 covering the 1970s and 1980s; and a commission of enquiry held in South Africa in 1995 covering medicine murder and witchcraft in the 1980s and 1990s.The illegal organ trade has at times led to murder for body parts, because of a worldwide demand of organs for transplant and organ donors. At times, criminal organizations have engaged in kidnapping people, especially children and teens, with the victims being killed and their organs harvested for the illegal organ trade. The extent is unknown, and non-fatal organ theft and removal is more widely reported than murder.In 2006, China was reported to be using its extensive pool of Falun Gong political prisoners as a supply for body parts to be used in transplants. The allegations and supporting testimony were raised in several countries and seen as deeply disturbing. Reports and testimony found that such prisoners were routinely assessed for transplants and apparent tissue typing, in a manner with no relevance to ordinary patient wellbeing, and that many were subsequently executed to meet demand for matching organs. Data on availability and speed of transplants within China (under 2 - 3 weeks in some cases compared to years elsewhere) led several renowned doctors to state that the statistics and transplant rates seen would be impossible without access to a very large pool of pre-existing donors already available on very short notice for hearts and other organs; several governments also established restrictions intended to target such a practice. China denied such practices.Historically, anatomy murders took place during the earlier parts of modern Western medicine. In the 19th century, the human body was still poorly understood, but fresh cadavers for dissection and anatomical study were sometimes difficult to obtain. Mortuaries remained the most common source, but in some cases, such as the notorious English murderers Burke and Hare, victims were killed instead and the killers then sold the bodies for study. The practice has intermittently been reported since that time; in 1992 Colombian activist Juan Pablo Ordoñez, claimed that 14 poor residents of the town of Barranquilla had been killed for local medical study with a purported account by an alleged escapee being publicized by the international press.