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Transcript
Introduction to Anatomy &
Physiology
Anatomy is ….
the structure of body parts
Physiology is …
the function of body parts
Principle of Complementary of Structure and Function
What a structure can do depends on its specific form
There is
organization
in the body
Anatomical Position
Stand erect facing observer
Head level, eyes facing forward
Feet flat on floor, directed forward
Arms at side, palms turned forward
Regional terms to designate specific body
areas
Body Planes
Superior
Inferior
Anterior or Ventral
Posterior or Dorsal
Median
Lateral
Proximal
Distal
Superficial
Deep
Plantar
Palmar
Directional Movement Reference Words
Abduction – move away from body midline
Adduction – move closer to body midline
Extension – increase joint angle between articulating
elements
Flexion – reduce joint angle between articulating
elements
Body Cavities
Ventral & Dorsal Cavities
Ventral Cavity
Thoracic cavity
Abdominopelvic cavity
Dorsal Cavity
Imaging
A = CT scan
B = MRI
The way you cut it makes a difference!