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Transcript
THE ISRAELITES
Chapter 10
A HISTORICAL STUDY
Early History



Appear in
Southwest Asia
between 2000 B.C.
and 1500 B.C.
Herders
According to the
Bible, God told
Abraham to leave
Mesopotamia, take
a journey west,
and make his
descendants into a
mighty nation.




Settled in Canaan on the Mediterranean Sea and
moved to Egypt.
Egyptian king made Israelites slaves fearing they
would take over the country
After a series of plagues, the Egyptian king
agreed to free the Israelites and Moses led them
out of Egypt but had to leave in a hurry.
Wandered through the desert for many years
trying to return to Canaan.
• Reached a mountain where Moses received the Ten
Commandments.
• Reached Canaan after forty years of wandering
where they settled down and became know as the
Israelites.
The Torah



Most sacred text of
Judaism.
Five books that
contain Jewish
laws.
History of the Jews
until the death of
Moses
The Hebrew Bible

2nd part
• Describe Hebrew
Prophets.


People who claim to
receive messages
from God.
3rd part
•
•
•
•
•
Poetry
Songs
Lessons
Stories
History
Dead Sea Scrolls



Writing by Jews
who lived 2000
years ago.
Prayers
Help us learn about
the Jews who lived
from 100B.C. -50
B.C.
Beliefs
Monotheism

Belief in only one
God.
• Monotheism


Yahweh, is the
name of the Jewish
God.
Polytheism

Belief in more than
one God.
Belief in Education


Teach children the
basics of Judaism.
Older boys studied
with professional
teachers to learn
religion.
Justice and Righteousness

Justice
• Kindness and
fairness
• Jews are expected
to give aid to those
who need it.

Righteousness
• Doing what is
proper
• Behave properly,
even if others are
not.
Obedience and Law

Moral and religious
laws have guided
Jews through their
history.
What are symbols of a Nation?