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THE ISRAELITES Chapter 10 A HISTORICAL STUDY Early History Appear in Southwest Asia between 2000 B.C. and 1500 B.C. Herders According to the Bible, God told Abraham to leave Mesopotamia, take a journey west, and make his descendants into a mighty nation. Settled in Canaan on the Mediterranean Sea and moved to Egypt. Egyptian king made Israelites slaves fearing they would take over the country After a series of plagues, the Egyptian king agreed to free the Israelites and Moses led them out of Egypt but had to leave in a hurry. Wandered through the desert for many years trying to return to Canaan. • Reached a mountain where Moses received the Ten Commandments. • Reached Canaan after forty years of wandering where they settled down and became know as the Israelites. The Torah Most sacred text of Judaism. Five books that contain Jewish laws. History of the Jews until the death of Moses The Hebrew Bible 2nd part • Describe Hebrew Prophets. People who claim to receive messages from God. 3rd part • • • • • Poetry Songs Lessons Stories History Dead Sea Scrolls Writing by Jews who lived 2000 years ago. Prayers Help us learn about the Jews who lived from 100B.C. -50 B.C. Beliefs Monotheism Belief in only one God. • Monotheism Yahweh, is the name of the Jewish God. Polytheism Belief in more than one God. Belief in Education Teach children the basics of Judaism. Older boys studied with professional teachers to learn religion. Justice and Righteousness Justice • Kindness and fairness • Jews are expected to give aid to those who need it. Righteousness • Doing what is proper • Behave properly, even if others are not. Obedience and Law Moral and religious laws have guided Jews through their history. What are symbols of a Nation?