* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project
Chapter 2, Lesson 4 The Birth of Judaism Judaism The 1700’s B.C. religion of the Jewish people Abraham Made a covenant, or special agreement, with God at Canaan Abraham and his wife, Sarah’s, descendents came to be known as the people of Israel, or Israelites, after their grandson, Israel. They also came to be known as Jews. Moses Born to Israelite parents, but was adopted by the Egyptian pharaoh’s daughter Saw an Egyptian beating an enslaved Israelite Became a prophet, or a person who speaks for God. Led the Israelites out of Egypt Moses continued At Mount Sinai, God gave Moses the first 5 books of the Hebrew Bible, called the Torah. The God of the Israelites forbid them from worshipping any other gods. A belief in only one God is known as monotheism. The Ten Commandments refer to the laws given by God to Moses at Mount Sinai. The Kingdom of Israel 1000 B.C. The leader of Israel was King David, who made the city of Jerusalem his capital. David’s son, Solomon, built an empire in Jerusalem, when Hebrew scribes began writing the Torah. In 585 B.C., Babylonian armies destroyed Jerusalem, scattering Jews away from their homeland, which is called Diaspora.