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Transcript
Chapter 2, Lesson 4
The Birth of Judaism
Judaism
 The
1700’s B.C.
religion of the Jewish people
Abraham
Made a covenant, or special agreement,
with God at Canaan
 Abraham and his wife, Sarah’s, descendents
came to be known as the people of Israel,
or Israelites, after their grandson, Israel.
 They also came to be known as Jews.

Moses
Born to Israelite parents, but was adopted
by the Egyptian pharaoh’s daughter
 Saw an Egyptian beating an enslaved
Israelite
 Became a prophet, or a person who speaks
for God.
 Led the Israelites out of Egypt

Moses continued
At Mount Sinai, God gave Moses the first 5
books of the Hebrew Bible, called the
Torah.
 The God of the Israelites forbid them from
worshipping any other gods. A belief in
only one God is known as monotheism.
 The Ten Commandments refer to the laws
given by God to Moses at Mount Sinai.

The Kingdom of Israel
1000 B.C.
The leader of Israel was King David,
who made the city of Jerusalem his
capital.
 David’s son, Solomon, built an
empire in Jerusalem, when Hebrew
scribes began writing the Torah.
 In 585 B.C., Babylonian armies
destroyed Jerusalem, scattering Jews
away from their homeland, which is
called Diaspora.
