Public religion in Samson Raphael Hirsch and Samuel Hirsch`s
... two-fold division between methodology (general theory of symbol)
and exegesis (Jewish symbolism): (1) the danger of symbolic
interpretation itself, and (2) the failure to interpret Jewish commandments symbolically according to the demands of Wissenschaft.
The common symbolic understanding of command ...
The Ezekiel Mural at Dura Europos
... with a “mystical” orientation to worship, specifically involving the liturgical
experience of heavenly ascent.10 Eminent Jewish scholar Jacob Neusner sees
such a development at Dura as no surprise, given that in this region around
ad 220–50 other significant religious movements with strong mystical ...
Chabad-Lubavitch: The Impact of Menachem Mendel
... convinced themselves that the Rebbe was going to become the messiah.
As bold as this belief was, it still remained within the confines of
traditional Jewish views of the messiah. And then Schneerson died.
Again, the use of messianic rhetoric and talk of redemption are
not problematic in Jewish theol ...
Milton Steinberg, American Rabbi—Thoughts on his Centenary
... nastiness. I recall a dramatic scene right out of a Eugene O’Neill play
some years after my father’s death, when Fanny Steinberg screamed at
her husband, ‘‘You stole my son.’’ That too was true.
The books propped in front of the young Milton were English books,
not Jewish ones, because Shmuel, thoug ...
... 5. covenant - an agreement with God
6. Torah - the laws that Moses received from God on Mount Sinai; later they became a part of the Hebrew Bible
7. commandment - a rule that God wanted the Israelites to follow
8. alphabet - a group of letters that stand for the sounds made when talking
9. psalm - a ...
INTRODUCTION - Amazon Web Services
... Leader’s Guide is meant to serve as a resource and tool for you as the facilitator of the
Book Club. In addition to this written leader’s guide, there are two one-hour webinars
with Donniel Hartman (one intended as an introductory lecture to kick-off your Book
Club, and one as a concluding lecture a ...
Rambam`s Historical Approach to the Laws of Conversion By Juan
... The importance of the rambam’s support lies not only in his weight as a halakhic
authority in his own right, but also because rabbi yosef Karo’s Shulhan Arukh quotes
his opinion almost verbatim,4 thus canonizing it -in the eyes of many- as the final word
in halakhah. The view of the rambam, although ...
The Sabbath-Keepers of Transalvania
... of Transylvania fought bitterly with each
other, but they agreed on their common
hatred for the Sabbatarians. By 1595, only a
few years after the sect’s inception, the goveernment issued laws attempting to stop the
spread of the movement. Severe persecution
followed. Five years later, the courts pas ...
... called Taste of Judaism at Temple Beth-El. We started in late
April and finished this week. They were two- hour sessions and I
think there were only three of them. We have now signed up for
Introduction to Judaism which has eight one-hour sessions. We
have enjoyed them all but I think the first sess ...
Judaism`s Strange Gods
... and Christianity...One of the best ways of beginning to think about
the nature of Christianity is to think of it in the light of Judaism.
"Today, we so often think of Judaism and Christianity as two
distinct religions, almost like Buddhism and Islam. But early
Christianity never saw itself in that w ...
The Day of Atonement in the Late Second Temple Period
... See also Num. 3:4. From the diachronic viewpoint, Lev. 16:1b could be considered a late
interpolation, as it indicates the Wiederaufnahme form in 16:1a and 2a. Nevertheless, “the linking-on in verse 1 probably also goes to show that Lev. 16 was incorporated into the P-context
before the now-interpos ...
PowerPoint Presentation - Selling an Idea or a
... Venice, part of the
40 million dollar
for auction. It will
not be divided. The
around 11,000 rare
comments on the
Hellenism in Jewish Babylonia - Near Eastern Studies, UC Berkeley.
... in part to the story of the alleged School of the Persians at Edessa as
the origin for the School of Nisibis.25 The new institution and the new
form of study as well as the new text all hang together on this theory.
The hypothesization of the crucial role of the late redactors, these anonymous “Stam ...
Noahidism - www.BahaiStudies.net
... Judaism, בני נחB'nei Noah (Hebrew, "Descendants of Noah",
"Children of Noah") refers to all of humankind. The Talmud
also states: "Righteous people of all nations have a share in the
world to come" (Sanhedrin 105a). Any non-Jew who lives
according to these laws is regarded as one of "the right ...
... recurrence of Auschwitz (“Auschwitz must be interrupted”). Paradoxically,
Cohen believes that it is this awareness and understanding of “interruption”
that will safeguard man from Auschwitz repeating itself.
The logic of “interruption” which stands at the center of Cohen’s discourse is borrowed from ...
Celestial Events –2002 (5763) and Beyond
... the holidays are actually effects from the cosmos.
For example, the holiday of Passover occurred
with the positive assistance of the celestial realm.
Celebrating Passover every year is NOT because
of tradition, commemoration of an event that
occurred some odd years ago, or to pay our
respects. Rathe ...
Why Study Talmud in the Twenty-first Century?
... While Talmud study held pride of place in most Jewish communities in previous centuries by sheer force of tradition, this book seeks out the reasons for
this privileged position. After all, Talmud study requires a tremendous investment of time and eﬀort, and the payoﬀ from struggling through its mea ...
synagogue services 2012 version
... that there is something greater and above us, is called a
kippah, which literal means "dome" or "cuppola." The
Yiddish word is yarmulke. The kippah also serves as a
symbol of Jewish identity and loyalty.
The minhag (custom) of wearing a kippah has no basis
in Jewish law, either in the Bible or lat ...
Ezra and the Men of the Great Assembly
... • Ezra 4:6 mentions Ahasuerus (Xerxes) being king, pinpointing this event to
the same time as the Book of Esther (Esther 1:1, 480s-460sBC). Interestingly
enough, Josephus says this: “Upon the death of Darius [grandson of Cyrus],
Xerxes his son took the kingdom; who, as he inherited his father’s king ...
... The word berit, “covenant,” appears thirteen times in Genesis 17, the chapter in which God commands
Abraham to be circumcised. Hence the conclusion that circumcision has the value of thirteen covenants.
From Covenantal Nomism to Universal Mission: Transformation of
... present there with or without Jesus included. Or it could be between Jesus and those who are
present there. There is a typological allusion in this passage to Exod 24:8, in which Moses takes
ַ ) ַדthat the
the blood, dashes it on the people and says, “See the blood of the covenant (ם־ה ְבּ ִרית
Pardes (Jewish exegesis)
Pardes refers to (types of) approaches to biblical exegesis in rabbinic Judaism or to interpretation of text in Torah study. The term, sometimes also spelled PaRDeS, is an acronym formed from the same initials of the following four approaches:Peshat (פְּשָׁט) — ""surface"" (""straight"") or the literal (direct) meaning.Remez (רֶמֶז) — ""hints"" or the deep (allegoric: hidden or symbolic) meaning beyond just the literal sense.Derash (דְּרַשׁ) — from Hebrew darash: ""inquire"" (""seek"") — the comparative (midrashic) meaning, as given through similar occurrences.Sod (סוֹד) (pronounced with a long O as in 'sore') — ""secret"" (""mystery"") or the esoteric/mystical meaning, as given through inspiration or revelation.Each type of Pardes interpretation examines the extended meaning of a text. As a general rule, the extended meaning never contradicts the base meaning. The Peshat means the plain or contextual meaning of the text. Remez is the allegorical meaning. Derash includes the metaphorical meaning, and Sod represents the hidden meaning. There is often considerable overlap, for example when legal understandings of a verse are influenced by mystical interpretations or when a ""hint"" is determined by comparing a word with other instances of the same word.Some books such as Tolaat Yaakov, divide Pardes into Peshat, Remez, Din (law), and Sod. According to this understanding, Derash is divided into the homiletics, which are classified under Remez, and legal interpretations, which are classified under Din.