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Transcript
MARKETING MANAGEMENT
12th edition
17
Designing and Managing
Integrated Marketing
Communications
Kotler
Keller
Chapter Questions
What is the role of marketing
communications?
 How do marketing communications work?
 What are the major steps in developing
effective communications?
 What is the communications mix and how
should it be set?
 What is an integrated marketing
communications program?

17-2
Marketing Communications
The means by which firms attempt to
inform, persuade, and remind
consumers, directly or indirectly, about
the products and brands they sell.
17-3
Table 17.1 Communication Platforms
Advertising
Sales Promotion
 Print and broadcast ads  Contests, games,
sweepstakes
 Packaging inserts
 Premiums
 Motion pictures
 Brochures and booklets  Sampling
 Trade shows, exhibits
 Posters
 Coupons
 Billboards
 Rebates
 POP displays
 Entertainment
 Logos
 Continuity programs
 Videotapes
17-4
Table 17.1 Communication Platforms
Events/ Experiences
 Sports
 Entertainment
 Festivals
 Arts
 Causes
 Factory tours
 Company museums
 Street activities
Public Relations
 Press kits
 Speeches
 Seminars
 Annual reports
 Charitable donations
 Publications
 Community relations
 Lobbying
17-5
Table 17.1 Communication Platforms
Personal Selling
 Sales presentations
 Sales meetings
 Incentive programs
 Samples
 Fairs and trade shows
Direct Marketing
 Catalogs
 Mailings
 Telemarketing
 Electronic shopping
 TV shopping
 Fax mail
 E-mail
 Voice mail
17-6
Figure17.2 Elements in the
Communications Process
Sender
 Message
 Receiver
 Response
 Feedback
 Noise

17-7
The Communications Process
Selective attention
 Selective distortion
 Selective retention

17-8
Figure 17.4 Steps in Developing
Effective Communications
Identify target audience
Determine objectives
Design communications
Select channels
Establish budget
Decide on media mix
Manage IMC
17-9
Image
The set of beliefs, ideas, and impressions
a person holds regarding an object.
17-10
Communications Objectives
Category need
 Brand awareness
 Brand attitude
 Purchase intention

17-11
Designing the Communications
Message strategy
 Creative strategy
 Message source
 Personal communication channels
 Nonpersonal communication channels
 Integration

17-12
Creative Strategy
Informational and transformational appeals
 Positive and negative appeals

 Fear
 Guilt
 Shame
 Humor
 Love
 Pride
 Joy
17-13
The Importance of Taglines
Brand Theme
Ad Tagline
Our hamburgers are
bigger.
Our tissue is softer.
Where’s the Beef?
Please Don’t Squeeze
the Charmin.
No hard sell, just a good Drivers Wanted
car.
We don’t rent as many
We Try Harder
cars, so we have to do
more for our customers.
17-14
Message Source
Celebrity Characteristics
 Expertise
 Trustworthiness
 Likeability
17-15
Personal Communications Channels
Advocate Channels
 Expert Channels
 Social Channels

17-16
Stimulating Personal Influence Channels







Identify influential individuals and devote extra
attention to them
Create opinion leaders
Use community influentials in testimonial
advertising
Develop advertising with high “conversation
value”
Develop WOM referral channels
Establish an electronic forum
Use viral marketing
17-17
Nonpersonal Communication Channels
Media
 Sales Promotion
 Events and Experiences
 Public Relations

17-18
Establish the Budget
Affordable
 Percentage-of-Sales
 Competitive Parity
 Objective-and-Task

17-19
Objective-and-Task Method






Establish the market share goal.
Determine the percentage that should be
reached.
Determine the percentage of aware prospects
that should be persuaded to try the brand.
Determine the number of advertising
impressions per 1% trial rate.
Determine the number of gross rating points that
would have to be purchased.
Determine the necessary advertising budget on
the basis of the average cost of buying a GRP.17-20
Characteristics of Communications
Advertising
 Pervasiveness
 Amplified
expressiveness
 Impersonality
Sales Promotion
 Communication
 Incentive
 Invitation
17-21
Characteristics of Communications
Public Relations and
Publicity
 High credibility
 Ability to catch buyers
off guard
 Dramatization
Events and
Experiences
 Relevant
 Involving
 Implicit
17-22
Characteristics of Communications
Direct Marketing
 Customized
 Up-to-date
 Interactive
Personal Selling
 Personal interaction
 Cultivation
 Response
17-23
Factors in Setting
Communications Mix
Type of Product Market
 Consumer Readiness to Make a Purchase
 Stage in the Product Life Cycle
 Market Rank

17-24
Coordinating Media to Build Brand
Equity
Brand Signatures
 Ad Retrieval Cues
 Media Interactions

17-25