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Fiber interfaces between single atoms and single photons
Sébastien Garcia,
PhD student
Laboratoire Kastler Brossel, ENS/CNRS/UPMC
Paris, France
Abstract :
The experimental study of entangled quantum states of single particle ensembles
requires development of compact, robust and versatile systems. Motivated by
miniaturization, stability et flexibility provided by optical fibers as light wave-guides, we
present two experiments where optical fibers are used as interfaces for single atoms
trapping and single photons collection into their guided modes.
The first experiment combines a singlemode fiber with an aspherical lens to produce a
dipole beam in which we trap a single rubidium atom by collisional blockade. This fiberpigtailed optical tweezer is a simple, compact and versatile tool for single cold atom
production. Cooling and light-assisted collisional loss rate in the dipole trap are
increased by modulating the dipole beam intensity. We discuss the modulation and
beam polarization effects on atom lifetime. With this setup, we created a triggered single
photon source, whose photons have a priori well defined spatial and spectral mode due
to the optical fiber and the atomic transition.
In a second part, we present the design of an experiment which couples optimally a
trapped single atom register to a fiber Fabry-Pérot cavity and where a high numerical
aperture lens allows individual imaging and addressing. We discuss required
parameters for mirror phase and birefringence. A sub-micron precision laser ablation
setup is built to create and to analyze in situ desired mirror shapes on optical fiber end
faces. Then, we present the produced double resonant fiber cavities with controlled
birefringence. Eventually, we describe the created experimental setup for fast cold atom
cloud production and transport towards the cavity.