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Winter 2006
ME 557 Howmwork #1
Geometric Optics
1. Consider an optical flat of thickness
t = 0.01 m. If n = 1.5 for light incident at 30 o what is the lateral shift in the ray?
Lateral shift
Light coupling into optical fiber and integrated waveguide structure is one of the most
time consuming task. Assume that the fiber has a core diameter of 100m and a NA of
0.25, and trhe design requires that the total distance from the source to the fiber be
100mm, which lenses are appropriate (find lens’s focal length, f-number and numeric
apeture magnification and clear aperature )?
Acceptance angle
NAfiber= 0.25
h = 1mm
h’ =0.1mm
Optical fiber
Light source
p = 100mm
q = 10mm
Optical system
Winter 2006
3. Fiber coupling spheres. Tiny glass balls are often used as lenses to couple light into
and out of optical fibers. The fiber end is located at a distance f from the sphere. For a
sphere of radius a=1 mm and refractive index n =1.8, determine f such that a ray parallel
to the optical axis at a distance y=0.7mm is focused onto the fiber, as illustrated in figure
Ball lens
4. Derive the focal length for the general and bi-concave lenses.
5. Derive expression for effective focal length for two or more lenses system.
6. Show the graphical location of image for a three lenses system (thin lens
Winter 2006
Matrix Optics
1. Using ray- transfer matrix and find a relationship between radius R in terms of indices
of nair, nlens and d where a diverging beam after going through this planar-convex lens can
be collimated.
2. Remember the beam is diverge from a fiber, and after going through the lens system,
the beam is a collimated with a beam diameter D. please find the ray-transfer matrix for
the following lens system.