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The Crusades A Crusade for Points By 1095, the Seljuks (a Muslim group) were close to taking over Constantinople. The Byzantine Emperor does not have a strong Army? He needs help. Who do you think he asked for help? The Byzantine Emperor asked Pope Urban II for help. The pope and church leaders met and decided to help Constantinople. They decide to send soldiers on a “Crusade” to drive the Muslims back and to take back Jerusalem. Pope Urban II gave a speech to encourage knights, nobles and serfs to join the Crusade. Why do you think many agreed to go on the Crusade? Four nobles led the first Crusaders. About 30,000 crusaders successfully took land in Syria and then surrounded Jerusalem. After the Crusaders climbed the city walls, the people of Jerusalem surrendered. What do you think happened to the Muslim and Jewish citizens of Jerusalem? Most Crusaders went home, but some stayed and set up four crusader kingdoms. The First Crusade was successful for the Crusaders because the Muslims were not well organized. Later, Saladin becomes the general for the Muslims. He is a strong leader. Do you think Saladin was able to win back Jerusalem for the Muslims? New Groups of Crusaders set out to take back Jerusalem. In 1212 tens of thousands of children set out on a “Children’s Crusade.” Out of the Tens of Thousands of Children who set out about how many do you think made it to Jerusalem? What do you think happened to the ones who didn’t make it? None of the later Crusades are successful in taking Jerusalem back from the Muslims. In 1204 the city of Constantinople was sacked. Think about what religion the city of Constantinople practiced and who they asked for help when they were threatened by the Muslims. Who do you think sacked Constantinople, Christians or Muslims? Explain. We know that the Crusades were not successful for the Christians in retaking Jerusalem. Do you think the Crusades weakened or strengthened the Pope? Why? Many nobles (but few kings) left to fight in the Crusades. When the Crusades are over, who do you think will have more power, nobles or monarchs? The Crusades have a big impact on trade. Do you think the Crusades will increase or decrease trading? Explain. How do you think the Crusades impacted feelings between Christians and Muslims and Jews? Explain. The Crusades started with a plea for help from the Byzantine Empire. Was it a wise decision to ask for help? Did the Crusades strengthen or weaken the Byzantine Empire? Explain.